Ways of being and expressivity





Heidegger, metaontology, ontological pluralism, internal possibility, silence


In this paper, I present a hermeneutic version of ontological pluralism, addressing the question of the discursive articulation of ways of being. The first section presents the notion of a pluralism of ways of being as a restriction of an ontological monism. The second section puts forward a criticism of Kris McDaniel’s proposal of understanding ways of being as kinds of quantifiers. The third section analyses the notion of way of being as a modal concept, explaining ways of being as internal possibilities endowed with a normative force regarding the identity-conditions of entities. The fourth one is a statement about the need of developing a pluralist account of the propositional reference to entities based on ontological pluralism. The fifth section deals with the issue of the discursive articulation of ways of being. The two last sections present a hypothesis concerning a semantic condition for an adequate articulation of ways of being. I argue for a kind of finitude-sensitivity in the semantics of the discursive articulation of internal possibilities, which implies the requirement of developing a hermeneutic notion of silence that may properly work in the discursive articulation of ways of being.

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Author Biography

Róbson Ramos dos Reis, Federal University of Santa Maria

Professor of the Department of Philosophy of the Federal University of Santa Maria and 1C researcher of the CNPq in Brazil. He has been a visiting professor at the University of the Republic (Uruguay), Diego Portales University and Alberto Hurtado University (Chile), and at the Pontifical Xavierian University (Colombia). His research topics focus on Heidegger's work, with emphasis on the problems of ontology and meta-ontology, theory of intentionality, modalities, phenomenology of organic life, and applied phenomenology. He is also the author of Aspectos da Modalidade. A noção de possibilidade na fenomenologia hermenêutica and co-editor of the collections: Identidade Pessoal e ReconhecimentoVerdade como Valor, e Filosofia Hermenêutica. In actuality he coordinates the Center for Integrated Studies of Hermeneutic Phenomenology.


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How to Cite

Ramos dos Reis, R. . (2020). Ways of being and expressivity. Estudios De Filosofía, (61), 11–33. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.ef.n61a03



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