Ways of being and expressivity





Heidegger, metaontology, ontological pluralism, internal possibility, silence


In this paper, I present a hermeneutic version of ontological pluralism, addressing the question of the discursive articulation of ways of being. The first section presents the notion of a pluralism of ways of being as a restriction of an ontological monism. The second section puts forward a criticism of Kris McDaniel’s proposal of understanding ways of being as kinds of quantifiers. The third section analyses the notion of way of being as a modal concept, explaining ways of being as internal possibilities endowed with a normative force regarding the identity-conditions of entities. The fourth one is a statement about the need of developing a pluralist account of the propositional reference to entities based on ontological pluralism. The fifth section deals with the issue of the discursive articulation of ways of being. The two last sections present a hypothesis concerning a semantic condition for an adequate articulation of ways of being. I argue for a kind of finitude-sensitivity in the semantics of the discursive articulation of internal possibilities, which implies the requirement of developing a hermeneutic notion of silence that may properly work in the discursive articulation of ways of being.

= 1005 veces | PDF
= 715 veces| | HTML
= 75 veces| | VISOR
= 3 veces|


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Róbson Ramos dos Reis, Federal University of Santa Maria

Professor of the Department of Philosophy of the Federal University of Santa Maria and 1C researcher of the CNPq in Brazil. He has been a visiting professor at the University of the Republic (Uruguay), Diego Portales University and Alberto Hurtado University (Chile), and at the Pontifical Xavierian University (Colombia). His research topics focus on Heidegger's work, with emphasis on the problems of ontology and meta-ontology, theory of intentionality, modalities, phenomenology of organic life, and applied phenomenology. He is also the author of Aspectos da Modalidade. A noção de possibilidade na fenomenologia hermenêutica and co-editor of the collections: Identidade Pessoal e ReconhecimentoVerdade como Valor, e Filosofia Hermenêutica. In actuality he coordinates the Center for Integrated Studies of Hermeneutic Phenomenology.


Aguirre, A. (1991). Zum Verhältnis von modaler und praktischer Möglichkeit. En W. Orth, Perspektiven und Probleme der Husserlschen Phänomenologie (pp. 150-182). Freiburg /München: Alber.

Caplan, B. (2011). Ontological Superpluralism. Philosophical Perspectives, 25, 79-114. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1520-8583.2011.00209.x

Cerbone, D. (1999). Composition and Constitution: Heidegger's Hammer. Philosophical Topics, 27(2), 309-329. https://doi.org/10.5840/philtopics199927214

Crowell, S. (2005). Subjectivity: Locating the First-Person in Being and Time. En R. Polt (Ed.), Heidegger's Being and Time. Critical Essays (pp. 117-139). New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Crowell, S. (2007). Sorge or Selbstbewusstsein? Heidegger and Korsgaard on the sources of normativity. European Journal of Philosophy, 15(3), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0378.2007.00267.x

Crowell, S. (2010). Heidegger on practical reasoning: morality and agency. En A. González & A. Vigo (Eds.), Practical Rationality: Scope and Structure of Human Agency (pp. 49-74). Hildesheim: Georg Olm Verlag.

Dahlstrom, D. (1994). Heidegger's method: philosophical concepts as formal indications. Review of Metaphysics, 47, 775-795.

Ford, A. (2011). Action and Generality. In: Ford, A., Hornsby, J. & Stoutland, F. (Eds.). Essays on Anscombe's "Intention" (pp. 76-104). Cambridge: Harvard University Press. https://doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674060913

Haugeland, J. (2013). Dasein disclosed: Johns Haugeland's Heidegger (J. Rouse, Ed.). Cambridge, Mass., & London: Harvard University Press. https://doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674074590

Heidegger, M. (1976). Logik. Die Frage nach der Wahrheit (T. Sheehan, Trad.). Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.

Heidegger, M. (1986). Sein und Zeit (J. Stambaugh, Trad.). Tübingen: Max Niemayer.

Heidegger, M. (1988). Prolegomena zur Geschichte des Zeitbegriffs (T. J. Kisiel, Trad.). Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.

Heidegger, M. (1989). Beiträge zur Philosophie (R. Rojcewic, D. Vallega-Neu, Trads.). Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.

Heidegger, M. (1992). Platon: Sophistes. Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.

Heidegger, M. (1996a). Brief über Humanismus. En Wegmarken (pp. 313-364). Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.

Heidegger, M. (1996b). Vom Wesen und Begriff der PHYSIS. En Wegmarken (pp. 239-312). Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.

Heidegger, M. (2006). Aristoteles, Metaphysik IX, 1-3. Von Wesen und Wirklichkeit der Kraft Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.

Heidegger, M. (2015). Anmerkungen I-V (Schwarze Hefte 1942-1948). Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.

Kahn, C. (1973). The verb 'be' in Ancient Greek. Dordrecht-Boston: D. Reidel Publishing Company.

Kelly, H. (2014). Heidegger the Metaphysician: Modes of-Being and Grundbegriffe. European Journal of Philosophy, 24(3), 670-693. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejop.12096

Kockelmanns, J. (1972). Ontological Difference, Hermeneutics, and Language. En On Heidegger and Language (pp. 195-234). Evanston: Northwestern University Press.

Lohmann, J. (1948). M Heideggers ontologische Differenz und die Sprache. Lexis, I, 49-106.

McDaniel, K. (2009). 'Ways of Being.' En D. Chalmers, D. Manley & R. Wasserman (Eds.), Metametaphysics: New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology (pp. 290-319). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McDaniel, K. (2010). A Return to the Analogy of Being. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 81, 688-717. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1933-1592.2010.00378.x

McDaniel, K. (2016). Heidegger and the 'There Is' of Being. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 93(2), 306-320. https://doi.org/10.1111/phpr.12257

Pickard, M. (1988). Die Welt des Schweigens. München/Zürich: Piper.

Ratcliffe, M. (2005). The feeling of being. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 12, 43-60.

Reis, R. (2011). Heidegger e a Ilusão Transcendental. Studia Heideggeriana, 1, 183-218.

Reis, R. (2014). Aspectos da Modalidade. A Noção de Possibilidade na Fenomenologia Hermenêutica. Rio de Janeiro: Via Vérita.

Reis, R. (2016). Heidegger e a controvérsia sobre a negação. En C. Caorsi, F. Sautter, R. Navia (Eds.), Significado y Negación (pp. 87-95). Montevideo: Mastergraf.

Reis, R. (2017). Quantificação existencial e o problema da necessidade manifesta no pluralismo ontológico em Ser e Tempo de Martin Heidegger. Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia, 73(3-4), 1305-1318. https://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2017_73_3_1021

Roesner, M (2013). Zwischen Transzendentalphänomenologie und Spekulation. En P. Baur, B. Bösel & D. Mersch (Eds.), Die Stile Martin Heideggers (pp. 79-94). Freiburg/München: Alber.

Schear, J. (2007). Judgment and Ontology in Heidegger's Phenomenology. The New Yearbok for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy, 7, 127-158.

Schöfer, E. (1972). Heidegger's Language: Metalogical Forms of Thought and Grammatical Specialties. En J. Kockelmanns (Ed.), On Heidegger and Language (pp. 281-301). Evanston: Northwestern University Press.

Smith, D. (2015). Sounding/Silence. Martin Heidegger at the Limits of Poetics. New York: Fordham University Press.

Spencer, J. (2012). Ways of Being. Philosophy Compass, 7/12, 910-918. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-9991.2012.00527.x

Streeter, R. (1997). Heidegger's formal indication: a question of method in Being and Time. Man and World, 30, 413-430. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1004250206794

Tepley, J. (2014). Properties of Being in Heidegger's Being and Time. International Journal of Philosophical Studies, 22(3), 461-481. https://doi.org/10.1080/09672559.2014.913892

Turner, J. (2010). Ontological Pluralism. The Journal of Philosophy, 107, 5-34. https://doi.org/10.5840/jphil201010716

Withy, K. (2018). Still, the Unrest of Question of Being. En F. Gregory y P, Richard (Eds.), After Heidegger? (pp. 223-231). London/New York, Rowman & Littlefield.

Wolf, U. & Tugendhat, E. (1983). Logisch-semantische Propädeutik. Stuttgart: Reclam.



How to Cite

Ramos dos Reis, R. . (2020). Ways of being and expressivity. Estudios De Filosofía, (61), 11–33. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.ef.n61a03



Original or Research articles

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.