The interpretive framework and the blindness about epistemic harm

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.ef.347688

Keywords:

structural power, framework, epistemic injustice, apprehension, recognition

Abstract


In this text I carry out a philosophical analysis of the structural power that Miranda Fricker proposes in Epistemic Injustice starting from the idea of "interpretative frame" that Judith Butler elaborates in Frames of war. The relationship between the two concepts aims to explore how structural power generates, through the frame, certain epistemic blindnesses to hinder the identification of epistemic harms. To do so, first, I analyze the functioning of the interpretive frame and highlight how it operates by establishing an inside (what is recognized) and an outside (what is rejected) of it. Secondly, I examine the possibilities that exist of freeing perception from the norms of the interpretative frame. Finally, based on the work of José Medina, I propose a praxis of the gaze that consists in apprehending and recognizing what the frame rejects and tries to hide from the gaze.

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Author Biography

Javier Castellote Lillo, Universidad de Valencia.

es graduado en Filosofía por la Universitat de València y especializado en el Máster “Pensamiento Filosófico Contemporáneo” por la misma universidad. Actualmente realiza la tesis doctoral sobre la performatividad del lenguaje y el hate speech. Becario predoctoral.

References

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Fricker, M. (1999). “Epistemic oppression and epistemic privilege”, Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25, 191-210. https://doi.org/10.1080/00455091.1999.10716836

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Medina, J. (2013). The epistemology of resistance. Gender and racial oppression, epistemic injustice, and resistant imaginations. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929023.001.0001

Millas, J. J. (2013). Hay algo que no es como dicen: El caso de Nevenka Fernández contra la realidad. Booket.

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Zheng, R. (2018). “What is My Role in Changing the System? A New Model of Responsibility for Structural Injustice”, Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21, 869-885.

Published

2022-05-17

How to Cite

Castellote Lillo, J. (2022). The interpretive framework and the blindness about epistemic harm. Estudios De Filosofía. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.ef.347688

Issue

Section

Epistemic Injustices

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