From speaker to hearer Another type of testimonial injustice

Authors

  • Ignacio Ávila Universidad Nacional de Colombia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.ef.348560

Keywords:

speaker, hearer, testimonial injustice, hermeneutical injustice, social accuaracy

Abstract


In her account of testimonial injustice, Miranda Fricker always focuses on the hearer. It is the hearer who, in virtue of a prejudice, commits testimonial injustice against the speaker by giving her less credibility than she deserves. Mi purpose in this paper is to analyse a parallel type of testimonial injustice that runs in the opposite direction, from the speaker to the hearer. I characterise the inner structure of this type of injustice and sketch some of the forms it can take. Then I explore some consequences of this kind of testimonial injustice by the speaker.

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Author Biography

Ignacio Ávila, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

(PhD in Philosophy, University of Warwick, Reino Unido) es profesor asociado del Departamento de Filosofía de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia en Bogotá. Sus principales áreas de investigación son filosofía analítica, filosofía de la percepción, filosofía del lenguaje, y epistemología moderna y contemporánea.

 ORCID: 0000-0003-0984-3285

References

Carmona, C. (2021). Silencing by not telling: Testimonial void as a new kind of testimonial injustice. Social epistemology, 35(6), 577-592. https://doi.org/10.1080/02691728.2021.1887395

Dotson, K. (2012). A cautionary tale: On limiting epistemic oppression. Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies, 33(1), 24-47. https://doi.org/10.5250/fronjwomestud.33.1.0024

Fricker, M. (2007). Epistemic injustice. Power and the ethics of knowing. Oxford University Press.

Fricker, M. (2013). Epistemic justice as a condition of political freedom. Synthese, 190(7), 1317-1332. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-012-0227-3

Fricker, M. (2017). Evolving concepts of epistemic injustice. En I.J. Kidd, J. Medina & G. Pohlhaus Jr. (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of epistemic injustice (pp. 53-60). Routledge.

Hookway, C. (2010). Some varieties of epistemic injustice. Reflections on Fricker. Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology, 7(2), 151-163.

Kidd, I.J., & Havi, C. (2016). Epistemic injustice and illness. Journal of applied philosophy, 33(2), 172-190. https://doi.org/10.1111/japp.12172

Medina, J. (2013). The epistemology of resistance. Gender and racial oppression, epistemic injustice, and resistant imaginations. Oxford University Press.

Minghella, A. (2000). The talented Mr. Ripley – Based on Patricia Highsmith’s novel. Methuen.

Pohlhaus Jr., G. (2012). Relational knowing and epistemic injustice. Toward a theory of willful hermeneutical ignorance. Hypatia, 27(3), 715-735. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1527-2001.2011.01222.x

Williams, B. (2002). Truth and truthfulness. An essay in genealogy. Princeton University Press.

Published

2022-04-27

How to Cite

Ávila, I. (2022). From speaker to hearer Another type of testimonial injustice. Estudios De Filosofía. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.ef.348560

Issue

Section

Epistemic Injustices

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