Epistemic injustice and redundant blame: building the case of structural violence against FARC’s ex-rebels
Keywords:epistemic injustice, moral justice forgiveness, redundant blame, structural violence, Colombian post-conflict, transitional justice
Based on Fricker’s conceptualization of epistemic injustice and moral justice forgiveness, I propose an analysis of the relationship between epistemic injustice and redundant blame. Situated in the Colombian post-conflict context, it is argued that the negative identity prejudices applied to former guerrilla members produce a kind of epis- temic injustice and redundant blame that yields structural violence. It is suggested that a proper understanding of JEP and the Truth Commission’s work, as well as the concept of transitional justice, would work as interpretative resources to favour the ex-rebels testimonial credibility. I conclude that the exercise of power which manipulates the in- terpretative resources available for a collective understanding of practices of justice and forgiveness in the post-conflict, is the cause of the structural violence against ex-rebels.
Acuerdo Final para la Terminación del Conflicto y la Construcción de una Paz Estable y Duradera. (2016). https://www.jep.gov.co/Normativa/Paginas/Acuerdo-Final.aspx
Derrida, J. (2002). Política y Perdón (A. Chaparro, Trad.). En A. Chaparro (Ed.) Cultura política y perdón (pp. 21-44). Centro Editorial Universidad del Rosario.
Duque, J. D. (2017). De las amnistías y el perdón. En Venganza o perdón. Un camino hacia la reconciliación (pp. 127-145). Ariel.
Fricker, M. (2014). What’s the point of blame? A paradigm based explanation. Noûs, 50(1), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1111/nous.12067
Fricker, M. (2016). Constructions of forgiveness. Public lecture by Miranda Fricker - March 3, 2016. Harvard University Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics. [Archivo de Vídeo]. Youtube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N3vZ-eOH1HA
Fricker, M. (2017). Injusticia Epistémica (R. García Pérez, trad.). Herder.
Fricker, M. (2018). Forgiveness an ordered pluralism. Australasian Philosophical Review, 3(3),
Griswold, Ch. (2007). Forgiveness a philosophical explanation. Cambridge University Press.
Konstan, D. (2010). Before forgiveness: The origins of a moral Idea. Cambridge University Press. Levy, P. (1987). Si esto es un hombre. Muchnik editores..
Nietzsche, F. (1887). De la genealogía de la moral (J. Aspiunza, trad.). Tecnos 2016.
Orozco Tascón, C. (2021, agosto 7). El supuesto gen de nuestra violencia es un mito peligroso. El Espectador. https://www.elespectador.com/colombia/el-supuesto-gen-de-nuestra- violencia-es-un-mito-peligroso/
Villamizar, D. (2017). Las guerrillas en Colombia: una historia desde los orígenes hasta los confines, Penguin Random House.
Williams, B. (2002) Truth and Truthfulness. Princeton University Press.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 William Duica
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term "Work" shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.
2. Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.
3. The Author shall grant to the Publisher a nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoCommercia-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0), or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions: (a) Attribution: Other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;(b) Noncommercial: Other users (including Publisher) may not use this Work for commercial purposes;
4. The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal;
5. Authors are permitted, and Estudios de Filosofía promotes, to post online the preprint manuscript of the Work in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work is expected be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Estudios de Filosofía's assigned URL to the Article and its final published version in Estudios de Filosofía.