Presumed guilty until proven credible: epistemic injustice toward Venezuelan immigrants in Colombia


  • Allison Wolf Universidad de Los Andes



epistemic injustice, immigration, Venezuelan, Colombia, epistemic oppression


With few exceptions, philosophers working on immigration have not taken up the topic of epistemic injustice, primarily, I imagine, because immigration justice is often too narrowly conceived of as encompassing moral and political concerns rather than epistemic ones. But the more I think about cases like the ones just highlighted, along with other injustices immigrants endure on a daily basis, the more I take this to be a mistake; epistemic injustices must be seen as a central aspect of immigration injustice too. In what follows, I will demonstrate how this is the case. More specifically, after providing an overview about the nature of epistemic injustice, I will highlight some examples of it in the lives of displaced Venezuelan immigrants in Colombia. In doing so, I hope to show why discussions about immigration injustice must include identifying and confronting epistemic wrongs. 


= 19 veces | PDF (ESPAÑOL (ESPAÑA))
= 18 veces|


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biography

Allison Wolf, Universidad de Los Andes

es una profesora asociada en el departamento de filosofía en la Universidad de los Andes e investigadora en el Centro de Estudios Migratorios de la misma institución. La profesora dicta cursos en filosofía feminista, filosofía social y política, y la filosofía latinx y latinoamericana. Sus intereses de investigación principales incluyen la filosofía de inmigración en las Américas desde una aproximación feminista, la ética de la sexualidad, la filosofía feminista, y la bioética. Es autora del libro Just Immigration in the Americas: A Feminist Account (2020) y co-editora del Applying Jewish Ethics: Beyond the Rabbinical Tradition (en prensa).


Almost 2,000 Venezuelan refugees murdered in Colombia in five years, NGO says. (2021, June 24). France 24.

Arnson, C. (2019, July 26). The Venezuelan refugee crisis is not just a regional problem: Latin American neighbors are pulling more than their weight. Foreign Affairs.

Ayola, C. (2019, October 27). Mujeres Migrantes. El Heraldo.

Banchon, M. (2018, June 7). EU lawmakers issue call to take in Venezuelan migrants.

Barómetro de Xenofobia registró aumento de 731% en discursos de odio en Colombia. (2021, August 22). La Republica.

Baddour, D. (2018, August 20). Ecuador shuts its border to Venezuelan refugees amid historical exodus. The Washington Post.

Bahar, D. and Dooley, M. (2019, December 9). Venezuela refugee crisis to become the largest and most underfunded in modern history. Brookings Institute.

Collins, J. (2019, August 26). Venezuelans stranded as Ecuador imposes new visa rules. Al Jazeera News.

Collins, J. (2019, September 17). Why you don’t want to be a Venezuelan woman right now. The New Humanitarian.

Detienen a expolicía que habría violado a venezolana en Sabanalarga (Atlántico). (2017, September 29). El Pulzo.

Dotson, K. (2011). Tracking epistemic violence, tracking practices of silencing. Hypatia, 26(2), 236-257.

Dotson, K. (2012). A cautionary tale: on limiting epistemic oppression. Frontiers: A Journal of Women’s Studies, 33(1), 24-47.

Dotson, K. (2014). Conceptualizing epistemic oppression. Social Epistemology: A Journal of Knowledge, Culture, and Policy, 28(2), 115-138.

Eckenweiler, L. (2019, June 12). Seeking asylum: epistemic injustice and humanitarian testimonies. Justice in Global Health Emergencies & Humanitarian Crises.

Xenofobia en Colombia: se incrementan crímenes contra migrantes venezolanos. (2021, December 13). El Nacional.

Fricker, M. (2007). Epistemic injustice: power & the ethics of knowing. Oxford.

Granados, M.O. (2019, July 3). Double risk for LGBT+ venezuelan migrants crossing into Colombia. Worldcrunch.

Grattan, S. (2020, February 13). Venezuelan migrants face rising xenophobia in Latin America. The New Humanitarian.

Guarascio, F. (2019, June 24). Asylum applications in EU Rise as more venezuelans seek refugee. Reuters.

Guzmán, S and Ponce, J.C. (2020, November 10). Hate against venezuelans in Colombia is a ticking time bomb. The Global Americans.

Hill Collins, P. (1999). Black feminist thought. Routledge.

Ibáñez, A.M., Rozo, S and Bahar, D. (2021, November). Empowering mogrants: impacts of a migrant’s amnesty on crime reports. World Bank Group.

Knight, B and Tribín-Uribe, A. (2020). Immigration and violent crime: evidence from the Colombia-Venezuela border. Borradores de Economía, 1121.

Kurmanaev, A. and González, J. (2019, August 5). Colombia offers citizenship to 24, 000 children of Venezuelan refugees. New York Times.

Maldonando, C, Londoño, J and Ospina, F. (2019). Migrantes venezolonas en Colombia: barreras de acceso a la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo. La Mesa por la Vida y la Salud de las Mujeres. Bogotá, Colombia.

Moloney, A. (2019, August 8). Is South America closing its ‘open door’ on Venezuelans? Reuters.

May, V. (2014). Speaking into the void: intersectionality critiques and epistemic backlash. Hypatia, 29(1), 94-112.

Medina, J. (2017). Varieties of hermeneutical injustice. In I. J. Kidd, J. Medina, and G. Pohlhaus, Jr. (Eds), The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Injustice (pp. 41-52). Routledge.

Memes Ran-Damn, Facebook. (2019, September 20,)

Migración Colombia, Distribución Venezolanos en Colombia, August 2021,

O’Toole, M. (2019, June 5). Venezuela, now a top source of U.S. Asylum claims, poses a challenge for Trump. Los Angeles Times.

Otis, J. (2020, December 29). Large venezuelan migration sparks xenophobic backlash in Colombia. NPR.

Palacios, C. (2019, June 12). Paren de parir. El Tiempo.

Pertuz, J.L. (2020, October 29). Claudia López propone deportar ‘sin contemplación’ a venezolanos que cometan crímenes en Bogotá. BluRadio.

Pohlhaus, Jr., G. (2017). Varieties of epistemic injustice. In I. J. Kidd, J. Medina, and G. Pohlhaus, Jr. (Eds), The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Injustice (pp. 13-26). Routledge.

Pohlhaus, Jr., G, Medina, J, and Kidd, I.J. (2017). The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Injustice. Routledge.

Proyecto Migración Venezuela. (2019, November 8). Aparecen panfletos amenazantes contra venezolanos en Boyacá.

Proyecto Migración Venezuela.

Roller, E. (2018, June 21). Trump implies asylum seekers are liars, so it’s not hard to see where this goes next. Splinter.

Stott, M and Gideon, L. (2020, February 18). Venezuela: refugee crisis tests Colombia’s stability. Financial Times.

Téllez, J. (s.f.). “Migrar y parir: dar a luz lejos de casa.” Poder Parir.

Wolf, A. B. (2020). Just Immigration in the Americas: A Feminist Account. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Zulver, J. (2019, February 26). At Venezuela’s border with Colombia, women suffer extraordinary levels of violence. Washington Post.



How to Cite

Wolf, A. (2022). Presumed guilty until proven credible: epistemic injustice toward Venezuelan immigrants in Colombia. Estudios De Filosofía.



Epistemic Injustices

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.