Estudios de Filosofía 2021-01-24T22:25:33-05:00 Estudios de Filosofía Open Journal Systems <ul> <li class="show"><strong>ISSN Impreso: </strong>0121-3628</li> <li class="show"><strong>ISSN electrónico: </strong>2256-358X</li> <li class="show"><strong>Periodicidad:</strong> Semestral</li> <li class="show"><strong>Creative Commons:</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">by-nc-sa</a></li> </ul> Presentation: Marx y la crítica radical 2020-11-06T15:41:18-05:00 Juan David Gómez Osorio <p>Presentation of the issue 62, <em>Estudios de Filosofía: </em>Marx y la crítica radical</p> 2020-05-29T14:43:38-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Juan David Gómez Osorio Marxian critique of equality in modern citizenship 2020-11-06T15:46:02-05:00 Levy del Aguila Marchena <p>This paper sets forth Marx’s critique of equality as an essential dimension of modern citizenship. For this purpose, the paper traces a link between the early Marxian critique to the citizen “celestial sphere” with the ways in which production and circulation processes are articulated to set up modern societies, according to the commercial logic and the logic of capital. According to our thesis, Marx’s political economy provides some<br>elements to better understand, and in a more comprehensive way, his early criticism, particularly about the relationship between the public and the private, and about the place of the citizen equality in the capitalist society.</p> 2019-04-23T11:43:02-05:00 Copyright (c) Capital Par Excellence: On Money as an obscure thing 2021-01-24T22:25:33-05:00 Werner Bonefeld <p>Against the background of the contemporary debate about financialisation, the paper conceptualises the capitalist labour economy as fundamentally a monetary system. It argues that money is not a capitalist means of organising its labour economy but that it is rather a capitalist end. The argument examines and finds wanting conceptions of money in political economy, including Keynesianism and neoliberalism, and argues that the debate about financialisation is fundamentally based on the propositions of political economy. It holds that Marx’s critique of political economy conceives of money as the form of value and expounds money-making as the purpose of the capital labour economy. Thus, the labour theory of value is fundamentally a monetary theory of value, labour is the means of valorisation, and that is, of money in process, and as such capital. Making money out of money is capital as its most rational. In the form of credit, money posits wealth as a claim on future surplus value.</p> 2020-02-19T11:40:11-05:00 Copyright (c) Ernst Bloch’s religion without God as an outline of critical philosophy 2021-01-24T22:24:04-05:00 Aníbal Pineda Canabal <p>One of the most original features of Ernst Bloch’s philosophy is the mixture of religious elements with an emancipation theory rooted in Marxism. However, his philosophy of religion is expressed in an unconventional way. It inherits the best products of the German soul in order to overcome the pessimism of the fin-de-siècle philosophies and revive the emancipatory struggles. This article explores the forms of<br>expression of this thought in Bloch’s early philosophy through the analysis of his claim for “religion without God”, and against all vulgar atheism that abolishes the experience of human inwardness. In this context, the theological concept of the “invisible Church” is presented as Bloch’s way of anchoring the anti-capitalist and anti-militarist struggle in a strong symbolic content that would serve as its base and reserve of energies. The<br>paper concludes that, at the heart of Bloch’s project, there is a radical critique of the economic system and a search for radical alternatives to it.</p> 2020-03-03T15:00:04-05:00 Copyright (c) Considerations for an update of the concept of social totality based upon the work of Georg Lukács 2021-01-24T22:23:19-05:00 Alejandro Nahuel Alzu <p>In this paper I revisit the different elaborations of the concept of social totality that we can find through various moments of the work of the Marxist philosopher Georg Lukács, focusing on the understanding of the praxis of social agents tied to each of them. I begin with the analysis of this concept in his youth works and then I highlight a radical change of view between the characterizations found in History and class consciousness and Ontology of social being. My argument is that this reconsideration is associated with the theoretical necessity of conceiving a subjective praxis that could avoid alienation, as it seems to occur in the theoretical model of Lukács’ youth work. Finally, I conclude that this new conception of the social totality enables a new kind of emancipatory praxis, far from the party dogmatisms that typify a great part of the twentieth century socialism.</p> 2020-05-01T17:07:14-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Nauel Alzu Towards a theory of action: ontology and politics as foundations of Herbert Marcuse’s dialectical phenomenology 2021-01-24T22:25:11-05:00 Juliano Bonamigo Ferreira de Souza <p>This article seeks to analyze the modes of composition of the so-called dialectical phenomenology, proposed by Herbert Marcuse in 1928. It is one of his first writings, in which the author seeks to think of a theory of action whose starting point are the historical analyses derived from the historical materialism of Marx and Engels, orchestrated with the existential analytic provided by Being and time, by Heidegger. In order to interpret this pioneering philosophical architecture, (1) we will first show how Marcusean method establishes the understanding of a historical situation. (2) In the second section, we analyze how Marcuse interprets, in a very original way, the ontological aspects of Dasein. (3) In the last part, it is about showing how Marcuse operates a junction of both analyses in order to argue the need for a transforming action on the unveiled social alienation. Together, these three movements seek to emphasize the social concern that has always occupied Herbert Marcuse’s philosophical reflections.</p> 2020-03-03T14:46:00-05:00 Copyright (c) The imaginary of the social revolution. Collective action and representation 2021-01-24T22:24:48-05:00 Carlos Alfonso Garduño Comparán <p>This text develops an approach to the problem of the forms of collective action and representation that can be proposed as alternatives with potential to transform social conditions beyond the ideological structure of the capitalist system. The concrete dilemmas of the revolutionary struggle are analyzed through the figures of Lenin and Robespierre, after a discussion of the arguments of Cornelius Castoriadis and Slavoj<br>Žižek on the possibility of self-institution of society and the need to link its multiplicity to a unitary representation. The paper concludes that the irruption of the collectives’ freedom in revolutionary events implies a type of violence whose direction is difficult to determine with certainty. However, this violence frames the revolutionary act in an ethical dimension, as a decision that enables the transformation of the imaginary.</p> 2020-03-03T14:46:11-05:00 Copyright (c) Alphaville —insurgent poetry. A portrait of modern nihilism 2021-01-24T22:24:26-05:00 Alfredo Gómez Muller <p>Jean-Luc Godard’s Alphaville (1965) puts forward a cultural critique of modern capitalism in a poetic form. The film subverts the standard classification of cinematographic “genres” and of cinematographic languages, without separating the content of the criticism from its form of expression. Thus, it uses an original language that integrates both philosophical and poetic referents (Nietzsche, Bergson, Éluard, Borges), putting together elements from the dystopic imagination, the science fiction, the romantic film, and other cinematographic “genres”. Unlike Orwell and Huxley’s dystopias, Alphaville depicts a deeper, insidious, invisible and more efficacious form of totalitarianism that invades the so-called “democratic” societies. This type of totalitarianism is dominated by instrumental rationality and techno-science, which expel art and imagery, the poetic and the possible, emotion, feelings and everything that is free. This paper analyzes the construction of this original form and interprets its critical content from the perspective of Godard’s thought. It is an exercise of looking and knowing how to look.</p> 2020-03-03T14:47:55-05:00 Copyright (c) Fetishism and narcissism – the base of capitalism? 2021-01-24T22:23:41-05:00 Anselm Jappe <p>This article tries to resume Karl Marx’ concept of “commodity fetishism”, not just as a phenomenon of conscience, but as being the real heart of capitalist society based on abstract labor and value, money and commodity. This concept is often misunderstood, as well as the concept of “narcissism”. Following Freud and Christopher Lasch, the article underlines the sociological side of narcissism and how this pathology is the psychological counterpart to commodity fetishism, forming thus the typical subjectivity of consumerism.</p> 2020-03-31T22:04:50-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anselm Jappe The posters of May ’68 and their significance for a contemporary critique of capitalism 2021-01-24T22:22:57-05:00 Jones Irwin <p>This essay explores the original political significance of the posters of May ’68 as a critique of capitalism, as well as extending this approach to a critique of contemporary capitalism in 2020. The slogans of ’68 are deceptively simple and we look to the importance of the political ideas expressed aesthetically as having immediate impact in the late 1960s, but also the underlying Situationist philosophy which influenced them.<br>We also explore the contemporary significance of Situationist theory, especially in the context of the renewal of Marxist thought in the 21st century. This renewed Leftist critique of capitalism emerges as articulated through newer social and political movements of the current times, particularly through the political philosophy of Slavoj Žižek and his auto-critique of the former Yugoslavia.</p> 2020-05-22T16:15:43-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jones Irwin Book review: Giraldo, J. (2019). Marx después del marxismo. Medellín: Editorial Universidad de Antioquia. 2021-01-24T22:22:35-05:00 Leandro Sánchez Marín <p>Book review: Giraldo, J. (2019). Marx después del marxismo. Medellín: Editorial Universidad de Antioquia.</p> 2020-05-27T15:07:49-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Leandro Sánchez Marín Book review: Marcuse, H. (2019). Entre fenomenología y marxismo. Escritos filosóficos 1928-1933 (J. M. Romero Cuevas, Comp. & Trad.). Medellín: Editorial Universidad de Antioquia. 2021-01-24T22:22:12-05:00 Juan David Gómez Osorio <p>Book review: Marcuse, H. (2019). Entre fenomenología y marxismo. Escritos filosóficos 1928-1933 (J. M. Romero Cuevas, Comp. &amp; Trad.). Medellín: Editorial Universidad de Antioquia.</p> 2020-06-01T11:14:56-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Juan David Gómez Osorio