Estudios de Filosofía 2021-07-26T22:30:30-05:00 Estudios de Filosofía Open Journal Systems <ul> <li class="show"><strong>ISSN Impreso: </strong>0121-3628</li> <li class="show"><strong>ISSN electrónico: </strong>2256-358X</li> <li class="show"><strong>Periodicidad:</strong> Semestral</li> <li class="show"><strong>Creative Commons:</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">by-nc-sa</a></li> </ul> Dialectic of the slave in the Laws of Plato 2021-07-26T22:27:56-05:00 Alfonso Flórez <p>The acceptance of slavery is one of the issues where Antiquity shows a greater lag in relation to the contemporary world; this is often adduced to criticize Greek philosophy. This paper examines the extent to which Plato’s thought in Laws can fall under or escape this imputation. It is suggested that we can find in the author a dialectic of the slave, which consists in maintaining, on the one hand, the function of slavery within the proposed social and political structure, while, on the other hand, the existence of the slave as such is questioned. Thus, it is first made a general presentation of slavery in the Laws and of the role that this institution plays in the philosophical understanding of the dialogue itself, and then a careful examination of the central passage of 6.777d5-7 is carried out. It is concluded that although, in a historical key, Plato fails to avoid the tension of this dialectic, in a philosophical key he offers its resolution in the doings of the truly just person.</p> 2021-01-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Alfonso Flórez The formulation of the first principles in Physics I 7 in light of the notion of generation 2021-07-26T22:30:08-05:00 Claudia Marisa Seggiaro <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In the present work we are interested in analyzing how Aristotle formulates the principles of physics from the notion of generation. Our thesis is that Physics I 7 is the “moment” of euporia that closes a process beginning in 1-2 with the problematization about the nature and number of the principles. To prove this, we will divide the work into two parts. In the first we will try to establish the argumentative context from which he postulates his principles. In the second part, we will analyze the assumptions on the basis of which it maintains that matter, form and deprivation are the three principles sought.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2021-01-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Claudia Marisa Seggiaro Moral and Right. Conceptual contradictions in Fichte’s philosophical system of Jena’s years (1794-1799) 2021-07-26T22:28:40-05:00 Lucas Damián Scarfia <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The present article states that the development of Fichte’s philosophy of Right stands in contradiction with the way that he founded the metaphysical ground of his system: morality as I’s rational and practical search to overcome the check of reality and to unify with itself. Thus, the paper exposes the impossibility to reconcile two texts: Grundlage der gesamten Wissenschaftslehre (GWL) and Grundlage des Naturrechts (GNR). In the latter, Fichte presents the Doctrine of Right and the State as mediums for the individual to reach its telos. But this affects the consistency of his thought. Although there is a hermeneutic background for this idea, it is groundbreaking as it exhibits Fichtean argumentative problems within Jena’s works. The article also takes into consideration the text: Einige Vorlesungen über die Bestimmung des Gelehrten (BG). Here Fichte incorporates several aspects from GWL and GNR that help to think on those contradictions.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2021-01-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lucas Scarfia Georges Bataille and Roger Caillois at the College of Sociology (1937-1939): genealogy of a philosophical dialogue (and of a Rupture) 2021-07-26T22:27:34-05:00 Nicolás Petel-Rochette <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>What do the works that were discussed during the sessions of the “College of Sociology” tell us today? By examining the respective influences of Roger Caillois and Georges Bataille, this article aims to show that the dialogue that brought them together, and that would eventually separate them, is rooted in nineteenth-century philosophical debates. Considering a broader theoretical horizon as a framework for the College of Sociology, this article also aims to offer a reading of why such eclectic interests crossed paths during its sessions. This analysis is carried out following the question that, in our opinion, motivated the Caillois/Bataille debate: what institution could subvert the principle of the teleological progress of modernity? In short, through the study of the Caillois/Bataille discussions and disagreements, this article aims to underline some limits that led to the dissolution of the College of Sociology.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2021-01-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Nicolás Petel-Rochette Beyond instrumental rationality. For a critical theory of freedom 2021-07-26T22:29:24-05:00 Jana Katharina Funk <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This article will provide an illustration of Max Weber’s theory of rationalization with a specific impetus on its interdependency with the development of capitalism. Following Horkheimer, I shall critically draw on Weber to outline a theory of human freedom, showing that rationalization not only implies economic and social liberation but entails a totalizing tendency that invades all spheres of socio-political life including people’s mental infrastructure. This mental colonization can be framed as a process of substituting value rationality with instrumental rationality. I will claim that this substitution can be understood as an impediment for human freedom. Following contemporary theories of action (Anscombe, Foot), I will show the centrality of value orientation for understanding human freedom. Therefore, I propose a critical theory of freedom that centers value rational action as realization of freedom and can be understood as emancipative.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2021-01-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jana Katharina Funk Could truth stand without artifice? From the rhetorization of philosophy to the ontology of veridiction in Michel Foucault 2021-07-26T22:30:30-05:00 Julia Monge <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This paper aims to analyze the alleged inversion of truth discourse ́s appraisal in Michel Foucault’s works between the early seventies and his last lectures of the eighties. We propose that, by reconstructing the contraposition between philosophical discourse and sophistical practice and the dispute between Socrates’s parrhesia and rhetoric presented in each moment, the question can be treated as the problem of truth discourse’s operation on the field of social practices. Considering the ethical and political stipulations and effects of both the rhetorical techné and the philosophical techné of discourse, we understand that between the “rhetorization of philosophy” and the “ontology of veridiction” that Foucault introduces in each occasion, there is not an inversion of perspective. Instead, there is a specification of the philosophical truth-telling as a practice that, confronted with other discourses indifferent to the truth, manifests a deep concern and commitment with a situated and relational construction of the ethos and the life in common.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2021-01-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Julia Monge Anti-Oedipus and Marxist feminism: towards a discussion 2021-07-26T22:29:02-05:00 Facundo Nahuel Martín <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This article studies unexplored affinities between the theory of capitalism in Anti-Oedipus and some debates on social reproduction in Feminist Marxism. On the one hand, capitalism, with its movement towards the decoding of flows, tends to dissolve the family under deterritorialized movements. On the other, it presupposes an oedipal (and familiaristic) reterritorialization, for it separates kinship from relations of production, founding a historically specific split. The distinction between axiomatic and capitalist re-territorialization, in this context, appears as an adequate conceptual way to analyze the relation between family and capitalism in feminist-Marxist terms.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2021-01-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Facundo Nahuel Martín Responsibility and civic engagement 2021-07-26T22:28:18-05:00 María Dolores García-Arnaldos <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Civic engagement favours integration and social cohesion, but the way in but how this happens and the role that responsibility represents in the process requires careful analysis. From Arendt’s critical comments on the link between citizenship and rights, Weil’s conception of obligations towards the human being, and Zambrano’s reflection about Europe, it is maintained that co-operation and not just obligations must be promoted. One possible way is to revalue the role of empathy in its important social function since it strengthens social relations, but this is not enough. It is stated that it is necessary to assume new political and social paradigms, such as that of solidarity or fraternity, to forge a new social covenant that promotes civic commitment in social, economic and political spaces.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2021-01-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 María Dolores García-Arnaldos Rossetti, L. (2017). Un altro Parmenide (vol. 1-2). Diogene Multimedia 2021-07-26T22:29:46-05:00 Liliana Carolina Sánchez Castro <p>Review of the book: Rossetti, L. (2017). Un altro Parmenide (vol. 1-2). Diogene Multimedia</p> 2021-01-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Liliana Carolina Sánchez Castro Cortés, F. (2020). Del arte de la paz: reflexiones filosóficas sobre justicia transicional. Siglo del Hombre 2021-07-26T22:27:12-05:00 Carlos Thiebaut <p>Review of the book: Cortés, F. (2020). <em>Del arte de la paz: reflexiones filosóficas sobre justicia transicional</em>. Siglo del Hombre</p> 2021-01-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Carlos Thiebaut