Estudios de Filosofía 2022-07-29T16:55:24-05:00 Estudios de Filosofía Open Journal Systems <ul> <li class="show"><strong>ISSN Impreso: </strong>0121-3628</li> <li class="show"><strong>ISSN electrónico: </strong>2256-358X</li> <li class="show"><strong>Periodicidad:</strong> Semestral</li> <li class="show"><strong>Creative Commons:</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">by-nc-sa</a></li> <li class="show">No Article Processing Charges (APC)</li> </ul> Epistemic injustice. A new epistemology for an old injustice 2022-06-09T14:27:07-05:00 Carlos Garzón Rodríguez Diana Acosta Navas <p>Presentation of issue No 66 about epistemic injustices</p> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Carlos Garzón, Diana Acosta Can there be epistemic justice without a common place? (Towards a reconceptualizacion of the public space and social relations) 2022-04-18T19:15:58-05:00 Ángeles Eraña <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In this manuscript, I claim that the search for justice implies a complete reconfiguration of public space and a (radical) transformation of our social relations. I will argue through a negative path, i.e. starting from the comprehension of the experience of injustice. I will focus on the case of epistemic injustice since it illustrates how the unjustified harm it produces is originated in the structure of social relations. To reach my goal, I will attempt to bring into dialogue two different philosophical debates —that which deals with the notion of the public space and that which discusses epistemic injustice—. This will help me show that epistemology has a fundamental and profound political dimension which needs to be addressed to find better avenues to search for and reach (epistemic and otherwise) justice. My main contention is that the possibility of constructing a functional public space depends on recognizing the confrontational character of politics and on not trying to erase the differences that make up society, nor trying to undo them under the idea of a (rational) consensus.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Ángeles Eraña Social concepts, labels, and conceptual change: a semantic approach to hermeneutical injustice 2021-12-22T15:10:40-05:00 José Giromini Emilia Vilatta <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This paper aims to consider some semantic aspects of the phenomenon of hermeneutical injustice overlooked in recent literature. First, we examine different cases of hermeneutical injustices and we propose to classify them according to their semantic structure. The core of this classification lies in the distinction between cases related to problems of content and cases related to problems of circulation of social concepts. Second, we criticize a semantic conception, implicit in much of the literature concern- ing hermeneutical injustice, according to which concepts are mere labels. We show that this conception cannot provide an adequate understanding of the different cases of hermeneutical injustice that we identify: first, because it fails to capture the dynamics of conceptual change or refinement that these cases involve and, second, because it leads to diagnosing them as mere problems of concept application.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 José Gabriel Giromini, Emilia Vilatta From speaker to hearer. Another type of testimonial injustice 2022-01-26T12:42:36-05:00 Ignacio Ávila <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Miranda Fricker always focuses on the hearer in her account of testimonial injustice. It is the hearer who, in virtue of a prejudice, commits testimonial injustice against the speaker by giving her less credibility than she deserves. My purpose in this paper is to analyse a parallel type of testimonial injustice that runs in the opposite di- rection, from the speaker to the hearer. I characterise the inner structure of this type of injustice and sketch some of the forms it can take. Then I explore some consequences of this kind of testimonial injustice by the speaker.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Ignacio Ávila Cañamares Epistemic injustice and coloniality of power. Contributions to thinking about decoloniality in Latin America 2022-04-05T17:09:30-05:00 Diana María López Cardona <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>What relationship can be established between the theory of epistemic injustices and the theory of the coloniality of power to think Latin America? This article proposes a dialogue between both theories to think about the actions of subaltern groups in Latin America that, by generating processes of struggle and organization, make epistemic injustices visible as part of their demands. This inquiry is presented in three moments: in the first, the conceptual field of epistemic injustices is defined —from Fricker, Medina and Broncano— and the political/epistemic conception of coloniality of power by Anibal Quijano. In the second moment, the relations between these theories are explained. In the end, some examples of experiences of resistance in Latin America are given that can be analyzed from this dialogue.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Diana María López Cardona Hermeneutical injustice: an exercise in conceptual precision 2022-04-11T11:56:16-05:00 Blas Radi <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In addition to opening a fertile field for inquiry in analytical social epistemology, Miranda Fricker’s work has provided powerful conceptual tools that merge descriptive capacity and political potency. For this reason, over the last fifteen years, the conceptual repertoire introduced by the author has been well received in both academic and political arenas. At times, the concepts of both testimonial and hermeneutical injustice acquire excessive dimensions in the literature, and this undermines, on the one hand, their analytical precision and, on the other, their usefulness. In this paper I argue against Fricker’s structural parallelism thesis and defend an independent treatment of each of these concepts. On this basis, to counteract the hyperinflation of the concept of hermeneutic injustice, I proceed with an exercise of conceptual precision. To this end, I identify the conditions that make hermeneutic injustice both unjust and hermeneutic. Finally, I present theoretical and practical reasons to encourage the rigorous use of these concepts.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Blas Radi The interpretive framework and the blindness about epistemic harm 2022-04-04T14:18:36-05:00 Javier Castellote Lillo <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In this paper, I carry out a philosophical analysis of the structural power that Miranda Fricker proposes in Epistemic Injustice starting from the idea of the “interpretative frame” that Judith Butler elaborates in Frames of war. The relationship between the two concepts aims to explore how structural power generates, through the frame, certain epistemic blindnesses to hinder the identification of epistemic harms. To do so, first, I analyze the functioning of the interpretive frame and highlight how it operates by establishing an inside (what is recognized) and an outside (what is rejected) of it. Secondly, I examine the possibilities of freeing perception from the norms of the interpretative frame. Finally, based on the work of José Medina, I propose a praxis of the gaze that consists in apprehending and recognizing what the frame rejects and tries to hide from the gaze.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Javier Castellote Lillo From aesthetics as critique to grammars of listening: aesthetic resistance to epistemic violence (autobiographical essay) 2022-04-27T14:22:33-05:00 María del Rosario Acosta López María Camila Salinas Castillo Juan David Franco Daza Yair José Sánchez Negrette Santiago Cadavid Uribe <p>This paper presents an overview of my work in philosophy from my first book on Friedrich Schiller and the political sublime to my most recent project on listening to traumatic forms of violence. Starting with a reflection on the autobiographical character of philosophy, I propose to take up the question of an aesthetic dimension of philosophical critique, where aesthetics is understood as an always already embodied perspective on the world, on truth, and on philosophical activity, as well as an always already political realm, where the distribution of sense pre-determines our approach and articulation of experience. Departing from aesthetics understood and deployed as critique, the paper moves on to ask about the specific frameworks of sense or grammars that determine in advance the conditions of audibility in the realms of memory-building and history-making—particularly in those contexts where historical, political, and institutional forms of violence produce silencing and erasure. Putting in dialogue the latter with decolonial studies, I (re)interpret “traumatic violence” as a colonizing form of violence, understanding that one of its central aspects is that it is not only an assault on life but on the conditions of production of sense that make life legible as such. In this context, my project on grammars of listening seeks to carefully unpack these complex intersections while also explaining why I believe that a radical form of listening is an essential subversive/imaginative strategy against traumatic/colonial violence. </p> <p> </p> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 María del Rosario Acosta López Aesthetics of resistance: reimagining critical philosophy with María del Rosario Acosta López’s grammars of listening 2022-05-11T17:23:21-05:00 José Medina <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This paper analyzes the innovative way of doing critical philosophy that María del Rosario Acosta López proposes in her aesthetics of resistance and grammars of the unheard. The paper examines the contributions of two sets of conversations with Acosta López’s critical philosophy. In the first place, staging a dialogue between Acosta López and Black feminist philosophy, the article offers a defence of reconceptualizing philosophy in the 21st Century through a dialogue with the voices and perspectives of the excluded and silenced—a reconceptualization that reimagines the critical role of philosophy. In the second place, the paper calls attention to the crucial significance of Acosta López’s aesthetics of resistance for contemporary debates in contemporary political epistemology, putting in conversation her grammars of the unheard with my epistemology of resist- ance and María Lugones’s concept of complex communication. This second conversation also underscores a new way of understanding the critical and transformative function of philosophy by centering the voices and perspectives of the excluded and silenced.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 José Medina Structural wrongs of epistemic injustices. The case of the Catholic Church 2022-05-27T16:14:52-05:00 Flor Emilce Cely Ávila <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In this article, I present the structural consequences generated by the continuous and systematic epistemic injustices carried out in certain communities or institutions. These injustices contribute to building a structure of silencing, denial of epistemic authority, cover-up and impunity. The importance of the normative aspect that guides the reflections about these injustices will be exposed in two senses: on the one hand, insofar as it is necessary to have criteria that allow establishing the truth in the background of evaluation of epistemic injustices and, on the other, in the sense of specifying how systematically attempting against it produces almost irreversible epistemic damage and guarantees the perpetuation of the structure. It will be shown how this happens within the framework of a powerful institution such as the Catholic Church, which has exhibited a pattern of testimonial injustices and the cover-up of abuses within it for decades.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Flor Emilce Cely Ávila Violence and epistemic injustice against indigenous communities in Colombia: epistemic agency, participation and territory 2022-04-18T14:24:38-05:00 Juan David Franco Daza <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Epistemic violence and epistemic injustice occur when a person or collective suffers unjust harm as epistemic subjects. This article explores the role of these issues in the conflict known as “laws of dispossession”, which consists of the systematic issu- ance of regulations that legalize extractivist and capitalist procedures in the indigenous ancestral territories. Specifically, this article argues that this phenomenon generates specifically epistemic harm to Colombian indigenous communities since it prevents them from inhabiting their territories in a way that is coherent with their epistemic resources; also, that this damage stems from a significant inability of the neoliberal governments of the last two decades to recognize the particularities and importance of the concept of territory in the epistemological systems of the indigenous communities which imprints a dimension of epistemic marginalization to the phenomenon of political marginalization that these communities have denounced.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Juan David Franco Daza Presumed guilty until proven credible: epistemic injustice toward Venezuelan immigrants in Colombia 2022-05-16T11:39:18-05:00 Allison Wolf <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>With few exceptions, philosophers working on immigration have not taken up the topic of epistemic injustice, primarily, I imagine, because immigration justice is often too narrowly conceived of as encompassing moral and political concerns rather than epistemic ones. But the more I think about the injustices immigrants endure on a daily basis, the more I take this to be a mistake; epistemic injustices must be seen as a central aspect of immigration injustice too. In what follows, I will demonstrate how this is the case. More specifically, after providing an overview of the nature of epistemic injustice, I will highlight some examples of it in the lives of displaced Venezuelan immigrants in Colombia. In doing so, I hope to show why discussions about immigration injustice must include identifying and confronting epistemic wrongs.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p> </p> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Allison B. Wolf The practical past as an instrument of epistemic resistance: the case of the Massacre in the Seventh Ward 2022-06-07T07:48:45-05:00 Moira Pérez <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The paper applies the theoretical frameworks of epistemic injustice and narrativist philosophy of history to read the process of re-signification of an event that took place in a prison in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, in 1978, called “Massacre in the Seventh Ward” or “Mutiny of the Mattresses”. By looking into this case, we explore the exercise of epistemic resistance through category expansion, drawing on the most recent developments on hermeneutical injustice as a deficiency in the application (and not only in the content) of the available concepts. This allows us to identify the selected case as an example of hermeneutical injustice, and to highlight some characteristics of such injustice that remain under-analysed in the specialised literature, linked to agency, temporality, and the concrete forms adopted by resistance. Among the latter, we highlight the role that can be played by the exercise of what in philosophy of history has been called the “practical past”: an intervention in the dispute of meanings about the past, born out of an explicit commitment to the present. Finally, the conclusions present some caveats to be considered in the study of epistemic injustice in the context of institutions such as prisons.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Moira Pérez Epistemic injustice and redundant blame: building the case of structural violence against FARC’s ex-rebels 2022-05-10T17:57:30-05:00 William Duica <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Based on Fricker’s conceptualization of epistemic injustice and moral justice forgiveness, I propose an analysis of the relationship between epistemic injustice and redundant blame. Situated in the Colombian post-conflict context, it is argued that the negative identity prejudices applied to former guerrilla members produce a kind of epis- temic injustice and redundant blame that yields structural violence. It is suggested that a proper understanding of JEP and the Truth Commission’s work, as well as the concept of transitional justice, would work as interpretative resources to favour the ex-rebels testimonial credibility. I conclude that the exercise of power which manipulates the in- terpretative resources available for a collective understanding of practices of justice and forgiveness in the post-conflict, is the cause of the structural violence against ex-rebels.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 William Duica From knowledge to violence: the epistemic dimension of sexual violence testimony 2022-04-21T08:36:38-05:00 Aurora Georgina Bustos Arellano <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The aim of this article is to highlight the epistemic dimension present in the testimony of victims of sexual violence, which takes place through various mechanisms of epistemic injustice, whether testimonial or hermeneutic. In order to show the effects of the relation between epistemic wrongs and sexual violence, I focus on some cases of sexual injustice in Mexican society which support the contention that the systematic recurrence of sexual violence and epistemic injustices lead to a particular form of epistemic dehumanization.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Aurora Georgina Bustos Arellano