Estudios de Filosofía <ul> <li class="show"><strong>ISSN Impreso: </strong>0121-3628</li> <li class="show"><strong>ISSN electrónico: </strong>2256-358X</li> <li class="show"><strong>Periodicidad:</strong> Semestral</li> <li class="show"><strong>Creative Commons:</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">by-nc-sa</a></li> </ul> en-US <p><strong>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</strong></p> <p>1. The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term "Work" shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.</p> <p>2. Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.</p> <p>3. The Author shall grant to the Publisher a nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-NoCommercia-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)</a>, or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions: (a) Attribution: Other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;(b) Noncommercial: Other users (including Publisher) may not use this Work for commercial purposes;</p> <p>4. The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal;</p> <p>5. Authors are permitted, and <em>Estudios de Filosofía</em> promotes, to post online the preprint manuscript of the Work in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Effect of Open Access</a>). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work is expected be updated upon publication to include a reference to the <em>Estudios de Filosofía</em>'s assigned URL to the Article and its final published version in <em>Estudios de Filosofía</em>. &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> (Estudios de Filosofía) (Carmen E. Muñoz y Mónica López) Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 OJS 60 Dialectic of the slave in the Laws of Plato <p>The acceptance of slavery is one of the issues where Antiquity shows a greater lag in relation to the contemporary world; this is often adduced to criticize Greek philosophy. This paper examines the extent to which Plato’s thought in Laws can fall under or escape this imputation. It is suggested that we can find in the author a dialectic of the slave, which consists in maintaining, on the one hand, the function of slavery within the proposed social and political structure, while, on the other hand, the existence of the slave as such is questioned. Thus, it is first made a general presentation of slavery in the Laws and of the role that this institution plays in the philosophical understanding of the dialogue itself, and then a careful examination of the central passage of 6.777d5-7 is carried out. It is concluded that although, in a historical key, Plato fails to avoid the tension of this dialectic, in a philosophical key he offers its resolution in the doings of the truly just person.</p> Alfonso Flórez Copyright (c) 2021 Alfonso Flórez Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 The formulation of the first principles in Physics I 7 in light of the notion of generation <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In the present work we are interested in analyzing how Aristotle formulates the principles of physics from the notion of generation. Our thesis is that Physics I 7 is the “moment” of euporia that closes a process beginning in 1-2 with the problematization about the nature and number of the principles. To prove this, we will divide the work into two parts. In the first we will try to establish the argumentative context from which he postulates his principles. In the second part, we will analyze the assumptions on the basis of which it maintains that matter, form and deprivation are the three principles sought.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Claudia Marisa Seggiaro Copyright (c) 2021 Claudia Marisa Seggiaro Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Moral and Right. Conceptual contradictions in Fichte’s philosophical system of Jena’s years (1794-1799) <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The present article states that the development of Fichte’s philosophy of Right stands in contradiction with the way that he founded the metaphysical ground of his system: morality as I’s rational and practical search to overcome the check of reality and to unify with itself. Thus, the paper exposes the impossibility to reconcile two texts: Grundlage der gesamten Wissenschaftslehre (GWL) and Grundlage des Naturrechts (GNR). In the latter, Fichte presents the Doctrine of Right and the State as mediums for the individual to reach its telos. But this affects the consistency of his thought. Although there is a hermeneutic background for this idea, it is groundbreaking as it exhibits Fichtean argumentative problems within Jena’s works. The article also takes into consideration the text: Einige Vorlesungen über die Bestimmung des Gelehrten (BG). Here Fichte incorporates several aspects from GWL and GNR that help to think on those contradictions.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Lucas Damián Scarfia Copyright (c) 2021 Lucas Scarfia Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Georges Bataille and Roger Caillois at the College of Sociology (1937-1939): genealogy of a philosophical dialogue (and of a Rupture) <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>What do the works that were discussed during the sessions of the “College of Sociology” tell us today? By examining the respective influences of Roger Caillois and Georges Bataille, this article aims to show that the dialogue that brought them together, and that would eventually separate them, is rooted in nineteenth-century philosophical debates. Considering a broader theoretical horizon as a framework for the College of Sociology, this article also aims to offer a reading of why such eclectic interests crossed paths during its sessions. This analysis is carried out following the question that, in our opinion, motivated the Caillois/Bataille debate: what institution could subvert the principle of the teleological progress of modernity? In short, through the study of the Caillois/Bataille discussions and disagreements, this article aims to underline some limits that led to the dissolution of the College of Sociology.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Nicolás Petel-Rochette Copyright (c) 2021 Nicolás Petel-Rochette Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Beyond instrumental rationality. For a critical theory of freedom <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This article will provide an illustration of Max Weber’s theory of rationalization with a specific impetus on its interdependency with the development of capitalism. Following Horkheimer, I shall critically draw on Weber to outline a theory of human freedom, showing that rationalization not only implies economic and social liberation but entails a totalizing tendency that invades all spheres of socio-political life including people’s mental infrastructure. This mental colonization can be framed as a process of substituting value rationality with instrumental rationality. I will claim that this substitution can be understood as an impediment for human freedom. Following contemporary theories of action (Anscombe, Foot), I will show the centrality of value orientation for understanding human freedom. Therefore, I propose a critical theory of freedom that centers value rational action as realization of freedom and can be understood as emancipative.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Jana Katharina Funk Copyright (c) 2021 Jana Katharina Funk Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Could truth stand without artifice? From the rhetorization of philosophy to the ontology of veridiction in Michel Foucault <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This paper aims to analyze the alleged inversion of truth discourse ́s appraisal in Michel Foucault’s works between the early seventies and his last lectures of the eighties. We propose that, by reconstructing the contraposition between philosophical discourse and sophistical practice and the dispute between Socrates’s parrhesia and rhetoric presented in each moment, the question can be treated as the problem of truth discourse’s operation on the field of social practices. Considering the ethical and political stipulations and effects of both the rhetorical techné and the philosophical techné of discourse, we understand that between the “rhetorization of philosophy” and the “ontology of veridiction” that Foucault introduces in each occasion, there is not an inversion of perspective. Instead, there is a specification of the philosophical truth-telling as a practice that, confronted with other discourses indifferent to the truth, manifests a deep concern and commitment with a situated and relational construction of the ethos and the life in common.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Julia Monge Copyright (c) 2021 Julia Monge Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Anti-Oedipus and Marxist feminism: towards a discussion <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This article studies unexplored affinities between the theory of capitalism in Anti-Oedipus and some debates on social reproduction in Feminist Marxism. On the one hand, capitalism, with its movement towards the decoding of flows, tends to dissolve the family under deterritorialized movements. On the other, it presupposes an oedipal (and familiaristic) reterritorialization, for it separates kinship from relations of production, founding a historically specific split. The distinction between axiomatic and capitalist re-territorialization, in this context, appears as an adequate conceptual way to analyze the relation between family and capitalism in feminist-Marxist terms.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Facundo Nahuel Martín Copyright (c) 2021 Facundo Nahuel Martín Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Responsibility and civic engagement <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Civic engagement favours integration and social cohesion, but the way in but how this happens and the role that responsibility represents in the process requires careful analysis. From Arendt’s critical comments on the link between citizenship and rights, Weil’s conception of obligations towards the human being, and Zambrano’s reflection about Europe, it is maintained that co-operation and not just obligations must be promoted. One possible way is to revalue the role of empathy in its important social function since it strengthens social relations, but this is not enough. It is stated that it is necessary to assume new political and social paradigms, such as that of solidarity or fraternity, to forge a new social covenant that promotes civic commitment in social, economic and political spaces.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> María Dolores García-Arnaldos Copyright (c) 2021 María Dolores García-Arnaldos Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Rossetti, L. (2017). Un altro Parmenide (vol. 1-2). Diogene Multimedia <p>Review of the book: Rossetti, L. (2017). Un altro Parmenide (vol. 1-2). Diogene Multimedia</p> Liliana Carolina Sánchez Castro Copyright (c) 2021 Liliana Carolina Sánchez Castro Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Cortés, F. (2020). Del arte de la paz: reflexiones filosóficas sobre justicia transicional. Siglo del Hombre <p>Review of the book: Cortés, F. (2020). <em>Del arte de la paz: reflexiones filosóficas sobre justicia transicional</em>. Siglo del Hombre</p> Carlos Thiebaut Copyright (c) 2021 Carlos Thiebaut Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500