Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of nurses and nursing students towards HIV/AIDS

  • Irma Conejeros Vallejos Enfermera. Policlínico de Pediatría en Hospital San Juan de Dios de Santiago, Chile. email: iconejer@uc.cl.
  • Helga Emig Sánchez Enfermera. Laboratorio del Hospital Clínico UC de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. email: hemig@uc.cl.
  • Lilian Ferrer Lagunas Enfermera Matrona, Magíster en Ciencias, Doctora en Filosofía de las Ciencias de la Salud Pública. Directora de Investigación, Coordinadora de la Oficina de Asuntos Internacionales de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile. email: lferrerl@uc.cl.
  • Báltica Cabieses Valdés Enfermera Matrona. Magíster en Epidemiología, Candidata a Doctora en Ciencias de la Salud. Profesora investigadora de la Universidad del Desarrollo, Chile. email: bcabieses@udd.cl.
  • Rosina Cianelli Acosta Enfermera Matrona, Magíster en Salud Pública, Doctora en Salud Pública. Académica de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, y de la Universidad de Miami, Estados Unidos. email: rcianell@uc.cl.

Abstract

Objective. To describe attitudes, knowledge and perceptions of nurses and nursing students towards the people who live with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Methodology. Bibliographic study in which six electronic databases were searched using the key words: “attitude”, “knowledge”, “nursing”, perceptions”, “HIV/AIDS”. Publications between 1998 and 2007 were considered. Results. 560 articles limited by scientific researches or ministerial reports membership were retrieved. Finally a total of 38 publications were selected, the analysis showed that the level of knowledge of nurses and nursing students about PLWHA is good and the attitudes towards HIV/AIDS have improved over time. Nurses and nursing students have been able to identify both positive and negative aspects in the PLWHA care personally and professionally because there is a more favourable perception. Conclusion. There are few studies in Latin America and Chile that study the attitudes and knowledge of the studied population towards PLWHA. According to publications found the knowledge and attitudes have improved because the perception is more favourable.Key words: attitude; knowledge; nursing; HIV; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.How to cite this article: Conejeros I, Emig H, Ferrer L, Cabieses B, Cianelli R. Conocimientos, actitudes y percepciones de enfermeros y estudiantes de enfermería hacia VIH/SIDA. Invest Educ Enferm. 2010: 28(3): 345-54.

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Published
2010-12-09
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS