Laboratory evaluation of soil geotechnical properties via electrical conductivity




Resistivity, Electrical remediation, Degree of saturation, pH, Salts


In recent years, the use of electrical methods has been improved considerably in several areas such as environment, agronomy, geophysics and geotechnics. Electrical resistivity may be used as a parameter in soil characterization; it may have many advantages for the determination of geotechnical factors influencing the behavior of soil. In this research, laboratory tests were carried out on natural sodic soil from the region of Ain Nouissy (Mostaganem) to investigate the geotechnical and chemical behavior of a natural soil using electrical resistivity measurements under various conditions. This study aims therefore to identify relationships between electrical resistivity of the soil and some physical and chemical parameters such as water content, porosity, salt concentration and pH. Moreover, electrical resistivity has been measured with the addition of salts into the natural soil. The results show that electrical resistivity reduced drastically with the addition of salt. The obtained results will be used to evaluate properties needed for soil characterization, as well as to track soil behavior with respect to salt concentration for use in soil remediation.

= 169 veces | PDF
= 179 veces|


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Fatima Zohra-Hadjadj, University Abdelhamid Ibn Badis of Mostaganem

Phd Student, Researcher. Construction, Transport & Protection of the Environment Laboratory (LCTPE).

Nadia Laredj, University Abdelhamid Ibn Badis of Mostaganem

Phd. Professor at the Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture. Researcher, Construction, Transport & Protection of the Environment Laboratory (LCTPE).

Mustapha Maliki, University Abdelhamid Ibn Badis of Mostaganem

Phd Degree. Lecturer at the Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture. Researcher Construction, Transport & Protection of the Environment Laboratory (LCTPE).

Hanifi Missoum, University Abdelhamid Ibn Badis of Mostaganem

Phd Degree, Professor at the Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture. Researcher Construction, Transport & Protection of the Environment Laboratory (LCTPE).

Karim Bendani, University Abdelhamid Ibn Badis of Mostaganem

Phd Degree. Professor at the Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture. Researcher Construction, Transport & Protection of the Environment Laboratory (LCTPE).


M. H. Z. Abidin, R. Saad, F. Ahmad, D. C. Wijeyesekera, and M. F. T. Baharuddin, “Correlation analysis between field electrical resistivity value (ERV) and basic geotechnical properties (BGP),” Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 117–125, Jul. 2014.

M. Hazreek, S. Azhar, A. Madun, and R. Saad, “Integral analysis of laboratory and field electrical resistivity for soil density prediction,” in 3 rd Int. Conf. Applied Geophysics, Hong Kong, 2015.

T. L. Dobecki and P. R. Romig, “Geotechnical and groundwater geophysics,” Geophysics, vol. 50, no. 12, pp. 2621–2636, Dec. 1985.

K. Suzuki and S. Higashi, “Groundwater flow after heavy rain in landslide-slope area from 2-D inversion of resistivity monitoring data,” Geophysics, vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 733–743, May 2001.

K. Spitzer and M. Chouteau, “A dc resistivity and ip borehole survey at the casa berardi gold mine in northwestern quebec,” Geophysics, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 453–463, Mar. 2003.

K. V. Titov and et al., “Combined application of surface geoelectrical methods for groundwater flow modeling: A case history,” Geophysics, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. H21–H31, Sep. 2005.

V. Lapenna and et al., “2D electrical resistivity imaging of some complex landslides in lucanian apennine chain, southern italy,” Geophysics, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. B11–B18, May 2005.

B. D. Seelig. (2000, May) Salinity and sodicity in north dakota soils. North Dakota State University Extension Service. Fargo, North Dakota. [Online]. Available:

Q. Wang, A. Minh, Y. Cui, P. Delage, and B. Gatmiri, “Experimental study on the swelling behaviour of bentonite/claystone mixture,” Engineering Geology, vol. 124, pp. 59–66, Jan. 2012.

N. Abbasi, “The role of anions in the dispersion potential of clayey soil,” Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 15–30, 2011.

M. Ajam, M. Reza, and G. Ali, “Study of water salinity effect on geotechnical behavior of soil structure using response surface method (RSM), (case study: Gotvand dam),” Ciência e Natura, vol. 37, no. 6-1, pp. 360–369, 2015.

G. V. Keller and F. C. Frischknecht, Electrical methods in geophysical prospecting. New York, USA: N.Y Pergamon Press, 1966.

J. D. MacNeill, “Electrical conductivity of soils and rocks,” Geonics Limited, Mississauga, Canada, Tech. Rep. TN-5, Oct. 1980.

J. D. Rhoades and R. D. Ingvalson, “Determining salinity in field soils with soil resistance measurements,” Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 54–60, Jan. 1971.

M. Oumri and J. Vieillefon, “Etude expérimentale de la conductivité électrique globale des sols. application à l’estimation de leur salinité,” Cahiers ORSTOM.Série Pédologie, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 91–108, 1983.

J. P. Montoroi, “Le contrôle de la salinité à l’aide de capteurs électriques. application à un périmètre irrigué de la basse vallée de la méjerdah tunisie : Ii- la sonde quadripôle,” L’agronomie Tropicale, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 233–239, Sep. 1993.

V. Shevnin, A. Mousatov, A. Ryjov, and O. Delgado, “Estimation of clay content in soil based on resistivity modelling and laboratory measurements,” Geophysical Prospecting, vol. 55, pp. 265–275, 2007.

O. F. Murad, “Obtaining chemical properties through soil electrical resistivity,” Journal of Civil Engineering Research, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 120–128, 2012.

K. Sudha, M. Israil, S.Mittal, and J. Rai, “Soil characterization using electrical resistivity tomography and geotechnical investigations,” Journal of Applied Geophysics, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 74–79, Jan. 2009.

W. Bai, L. Kong, and A. Guo, “Effects of physical properties on electrical conductivity of compacted lateritic soil,” Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 406–411, Oct. 2013.

A. A. Hassan and D. G. Toll, “Water content characteristics of mechanically compacted clay soil determined using the electrical resistivity method,” in 16th European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Edinburgh, Scotland, 2015, pp. 3395–3400.

J. Cai, W. Wei, X. Hu, and D. A. Wood, “Electrical conductivity models in saturated porous media: A review,” Earth-Science Reviews, vol. 171, pp. 419–433, Aug. 2017.

J. K. Mitchell and K. Soga, Fundamentals of soil behavior, 3rd ed. USA: John Wiley and Sons, 2005.

M. Fukue, T. Minato, H. Horibe, and N.Taya, “The micro-structures of clay given by resistivity measurements,” Engineering Geology, vol. 54, no. 1-2, pp. 43–53, Sep. 1999.

L. Chen, Z. Yin, and P. Zhang, “Relationship of resistivity with water content and fissures of unsaturated expansive soils,” Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 537–540, Dec. 2007.

W. J. McCarter, “The electrical resistivity characteristics of compacted clays,” Géotechnique, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 263–267, Jun. 1984.

G. E. Archie, “The electrical resistivity log as an aid in determining some reservoir characteristics,” Petroleum Trans. AIME, vol. 146, no. 1, pp. 54–62, 1942.

P. K. Kolay, S. G. Burra, and S. Kumar, “Effect of salt and napl on electrical resistivity of fine-grained soil-sand mixtures,” International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 13–19, 2016.

V. Gingine, A. S. Dias, and R. Cardoso, “Compaction control of clayey soils using electrical resistivity charts,” Procedia Engineering, vol. 143, pp. 803–810, 2016.

G. Wang and et al., “Resistivity response to the porosity and permeability of low rank coal,” International Journal of Mining Science and Technology, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 339–344, Mar. 2016.

J. Hong, L. Shun, and L. Lin, “The relationship between the electrical resistivity and saturation of unsaturated soil,” Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 19, pp. 3739–3746, 2014.

J. Lin, G. Cai, S. Liu, A. J. Puppala, and H. Zou, “Correlations between electrical resistivity and geotechnical parameters for jiangsu marine clay using spearman’s coefficient test,” International Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 419–429, May 2017.

R. N. Yong, “Soil suction and soil-water potentials in swelling clays in engineered clay barriers,” Engineering Geology, vol. 54, no. 1-2, pp. 3–13, Sep. 1999.

Methods of test for Soils for civil engineering purposes. Chemical and electro-chemical tests, British Standard Institution, 1990.

R. Herman, “An introduction to electrical resistivity in geophysics,” American Journal of Physics, vol. 69, no. 9, pp. 943–952, Aug. 2001.

K. Badv and F. Sargordi, “An investigation into the risk of piping at dams in the urmia region, iran,” Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 625–634, 2001.




How to Cite

Zohra-Hadjadj, F., Laredj, N., Maliki, M., Missoum, H., & Bendani, K. (2019). Laboratory evaluation of soil geotechnical properties via electrical conductivity. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (90), 101–112.