Heavy metal removal by biopolymers-based formulations with native potato starch/nopal mucilage

Keywords: Functional groups, heavy metal removal, native potato starch, nopal mucilage, solubility

Abstract

The contamination of water bodies by heavy metals is a critical problem for human health and ecosystems, and it can bioaccumulate in organisms to toxic levels and even lead to the living being’s death. This research aimed to synthesize and characterize a biopolymer with the capacity to remove heavy metals in wastewater, elaborated from potato starch, glycerin, and nopal mucilage. Native potato starch of the Allcca sipas variety was extracted by conventional methods; the mucilage was extracted with ethanol. Four formulations of biopolymers were synthesized at 60 and 70 °C. The solubility, structural characteristics, and adsorption capacity of heavy metals were evaluated. Starch, mucilage, and biopolymers presented predominant functional groups as -OH, -C-O-, -NH-, -C-H-, -C-OH determined by FTIR, allowing to remove up to 50.18% of Al, 56.81% of As, 35.95% of Cr, 37.43% of Hg and 73.22% of Pb determined through an ICPE-OES, for a contact time of 100 minutes at pH 5.0, heavy metal removal and solubility were significantly influenced (p-value < 0.05) by the addition of starch and mucilage. The synthesized biopolymers present a high capacity for heavy metal removal in wastewater.
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Author Biographies

David Choque-Quispe, Universidad Nacional José María Arguedas

Professor and Researcher, Departament Agroindustrial Engineering

Betsy Suri Ramos-Pacheco, Universidad Nacional José María Arguedas

 Professor and researcher Agroindustrial Engineering

Carlos Alberto Ligarda-Samanez, Universidad Nacional José María Arguedas

Agroindustrial Engineering, Professor and researcher

Gloria Inés Barboza-Palomino, Universidad Nacional de San Cristobal de Huamanga

Chemical Engineering, Professor and researcher

Aydeé Kari-Ferro, Universidad Nacional Micaela Bastidas

Agroecological Engineering, Professor and Researcher

Fredy Taipe-Pardo, Universidad Nacional José María Arguedas, Andahuaylas

Agroindustrial Engineering, Professor and Researcher

Yudith Choque-Quispe, Universidad Nacional Tecnológica de los Andes

Environmental Engineering, Professor and Researcher

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Published
2020-11-20
How to Cite
Choque-Quispe D., Ramos-Pacheco B. S., Ligarda-Samanez C. A., Barboza-Palomino G. I., Kari-Ferro A., Taipe-Pardo F., & Choque-Quispe Y. (2020). Heavy metal removal by biopolymers-based formulations with native potato starch/nopal mucilage. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.20201112
Section
Articles