Efectos sinérgicos y antagónicos en codigestión anaerobia. Análisis de la cinética de rendimiento de metano

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.20220473

Palabras clave:

Biogas, cinética, modelo matemático

Resumen

La digestión anaerobia (AD) es un proceso de descomposición de material orgánico en el que el producto principal es una mezcla gaseosa denominada biogás, la cual tiene potencial como combustible. Para mejorar el rendimiento del proceso la literatura propone varias alternativas tecnológicas, entre las cuales destaca la mezcla de sustratos, conocida como co-digestión anaerobia (ACoD). Esta alternativa se enfoca en mejorar la relación C/N y diluir componentes inhibitorios. La literatura destaca el incremento del rendimiento de metano por medio de la ACoD. En esta investigación se analizan los efectos de mezcla en la cinética de rendimiento de metano. Se emplearon artículos que reportan los coeficientes cinéticos en modelos de Cone y Gompertz modificado en mezclas binarias y ternarias. Se planteó un modelo aditivo, que empleó los coeficientes cinéticos de los monosustratos y consideró la suma de las aportaciones en cada mezcla. Posteriormente, para el análisis de los efectos de mezcla se comparan los resultados del modelo aditivo ajustados a los modelos de Cone y Gompertz modificado. La comparación realizada de los coeficientes del modelo aditivo con los experimentales consideró como relevantes variaciones del 10%. Esto permitió establecer que los efectos de mezcla pueden influir en el rendimiento de metano, así como en las constantes cinéticas del proceso.

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Biografía del autor/a

Nilo Bayardo Montesdeoca-Pichucho, Universidad Técnica de Manabí

Estudiante de Maestría en Ingeniería Química

Katiuska Garibaldi-Alcívar, Universidad Técnica de Manabí

Student, Chemical Engineering Msc

Ricardo José Baquerizo-Crespo, Universidad Técnica de Manabí

Magíster en Ingeniería Ambiental, Ingeniero Químico

Yunet Gómez-Salcedo, Universidad Técnica de Manabí

Escuela de Ingeniería Química. Facultad de Ciencias Matemáticas. Magíster en Ingeniería Ambiental

Osney Pérez-Ones, Universidad Tecnológica de La Habana José Antonio Echeverría

Profesor Asociado. Grupo de Análisis de Procesos, Facultad de Ingeniería Química

Ileana Pereda-Reyes, Universidad Tecnológica de La Habana José Antonio Echeverría

Profesor e Investigador, Centro de Estudios de Ingeniería de Procesos (CIPRO), Facultad de Ingeniería Química

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Publicado

2022-04-18

Cómo citar

Montesdeoca-Pichucho, N. B., Garibaldi-Alcívar, K., Baquerizo-Crespo, R. J., Gómez-Salcedo, Y., Pérez-Ones, O., & Pereda-Reyes, I. (2022). Efectos sinérgicos y antagónicos en codigestión anaerobia. Análisis de la cinética de rendimiento de metano. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (107), 80–87. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.20220473

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