Educación y salud: evidencia de efectos umbral en el crecimiento económico

Palabras clave: educación, salud, crecimiento, efectos umbral, datos de panel

Resumen

Este trabajo analiza el efecto de la educación y la salud sobre el crecimiento económico mediante una metodología de regresión con efectos umbral para un panel de 86 países en el período 1960-2010. En concordancia con la literatura de no linealidades, el estudio verifica la existencia de dos umbrales de ingreso a partir de los cuales la salud y la educación afectan al crecimiento económico de forma diferente. Si bien la magnitud del efecto de la salud sobre el crecimiento varía, la relación entre ambas variables es siempre positiva. La educación, por su parte, sólo muestra una relación positiva con el crecimiento a partir del segundo umbral de ingresos. La intuición es que una población más saludable implica un mejor desempeño económico, independientemente del nivel de desarrollo. En cambio, un mayor nivel educativo tendrá efectos favorables a partir de un nivel mínimo de ingreso compatible con un stock mínimo de capital físico.

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Biografía del autor/a

Pablo Daniel Monterubbianesi, Universidad Nacional del Sur

profesor adjunto, Universidad Nacional del Sur e investigador adjunto, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales del Sur (UNS-CONICET), Argentina

Mara Leticia Rojas, Universidad Nacional del Sur

profesora adjunta, Universidad Nacional del Sur e investigadora adjunta,
Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales del Sur (UNS-CONICET), Argentina.

Carlos Darío Dabús, Universidad Nacional del Sur

profesor titular, Universidad Nacional del Sur e investigador principal,
Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales del Sur (UNS-CONICET), Argentina.

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Publicado
2021-01-30
Cómo citar
Monterubbianesi P. D., Rojas M. L., & Dabús C. D. (2021). Educación y salud: evidencia de efectos umbral en el crecimiento económico. Lecturas De Economía, (94), 195-231. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.le.n94a342459
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