Equilibrio de Stackelberg-Nash y la Competencia Perfecta en el modelo de crecimiento Solow-Uzawa

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.le.n96a342588

Palabras clave:

Competencia Stackelberg, líder y seguidor, competencia perfecta, acumulación de capital, modelo Solow, modelo Uzawa, beneficio

Resumen


Este estudio introduce el equilibrio de Stackelberg-Nash en la teoría neoclásica del crecimiento. Intenta hacer que la teoría neoclásica del crecimiento económico sea más robusta en el modelado de la complejidad de las estructuras de mercado. El modelo de Solow-Uzawa se construye en el marco dos sectores. La economía se compone de dos sectores. El sector de bienes finales es el mismo que en el modelo de crecimiento de un solo sector de Solow, caracterizado por una competencia perfecta. El sector de bienes de consumo es el mismo que el sector de bienes de consumo en el modelo de Uzawa, pero se caracteriza por el duopolio de Stackelberg. Modelamos el comportamiento de los hogares con el concepto de Zhang de ingresos disponibles y utilidad. El modelo determina endógenamente los beneficios del duopolio que se distribuyen equitativamente entre la población homogénea. Construimos el modelo y luego identificamos la existencia de un punto de equilibrio a través de la simulación. Realizamos análisis estático comparativos de algunos parámetros. También comparamos el rendimiento económico del modelo tradicional de Uzawa y el modelo con el equilibrio de Stackelberg-Nash. Concluimos que la competencia imperfecta aumenta la producción nacional, la riqueza nacional y el nivel de utilidad en comparación con la competencia perfecta.

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Biografía del autor/a

Wei-Bin Zhang, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University

Wei-Bin Zhang, PhD (Umeå, Sweden), is Professor of Economics in Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Japan. His main research fields are nonlinear economic dynamics, growth theory, trade theory, East Asian economic development, and Confucianism. He has published 240 academic articles in peer-review international journals and authorized 24 academic books. Prof. Zhang is editorial board members of 12 international journals. He is the editor of Encyclopedia of Mathematical Models in Economics (in two volumes) as a part of the unprecedented global effort, The Encyclopedias of Life Support Systems, organized by The UNESCO.

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Publicado

2021-11-12

Cómo citar

Zhang, W.-B. (2021). Equilibrio de Stackelberg-Nash y la Competencia Perfecta en el modelo de crecimiento Solow-Uzawa. Lecturas De Economía, (96), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.le.n96a342588

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