Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia 2021-10-21T13:38:38-05:00 Andrés Alonso Agudelo Suárez Open Journal Systems <ul> <li class="show"><strong>ISSN: </strong>0121-246X</li> <li class="show"><strong>ISSNe: </strong>2145-7670</li> <li class="show"><strong>Periodicity:</strong> Semiannual</li> <li class="show"><strong>Creative Commons:</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">by-nc-sa</a></li> </ul> Infection control procedures used by Paraguayan dentists to reduce biological risk in dental practice during the Covid-19 pandemic 2021-10-21T13:38:38-05:00 Cynthia Mireya Jara-Pintos Clarisse Virginia Díaz-Reissner Carlos Gabriel Adorno Leticia Cataldi-López Vicente Reinaldo Fretes-López Gabriela Rosmary Ballasch <p><strong> <span class="fontstyle0">Introduction: </span></strong><span class="fontstyle2">dental professionals have been identified as having a very high risk of exposure to coronavirus, specifically when they carry out procedures to generate aerosols in infectious patients. The objective was identifying the mechanical and chemical mechanisms used by Paraguayan dentists to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Evaluate the percentage of dentists who have treated positive COVID patients and who have subsequently developed the disease. </span><strong><span class="fontstyle0">Methods: </span></strong><span class="fontstyle2">it was a crosssectional descriptive observational study. Paraguayan dentists with internet access participated. The questions were about sociodemographic data and protection measures used in the office to reduce biological risk. The access link was disseminated through social networks. </span><strong><span class="fontstyle0">Results: </span></strong><span class="fontstyle2">428 dentists participated in the study, 84.11 % were women, 38.32 % were 30-39 years old. The most used disinfection and care measures were dental chair disinfection (96.7 %), hand washing (93.46 %) and surface disinfection with alcohol 70 (88.08 %). 59.1% used 1% hydrogen peroxide as a preoperative mouthwash. The majority wore KN95 masks (48.83 %), woven cloth robe (78.04 %), disposable robe (72.20 %); The patient is fitted with a disposable surgeon’s cap (89.49 %) and/or shoe covers (76.40 %), and their instruments are sterilized in an autoclave (82.48 %). One professional reported having been infected in the dental office. </span><strong><span class="fontstyle0">Conclusion: </span></strong><span class="fontstyle2">most of the Paraguayan dentists surveyed comply with the protocols established by the Ministry of Health and international organizations, which appear to be effective as protection mechanisms against COVID-19 in the clinical environment.</span> </p> 2021-11-03T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia Relationship of the use of mouthwashes with the decrease in the viral load of SARS-CoV-2 in dental practice: topic review 2021-09-27T12:24:44-05:00 Miguel Alessandro Taboada-Granados Esteban Mauricio Colina-Neyra Eliberto Ruiz-Ramirez <p class="04Resumen"><span lang="ES-PE">It is currently known that the dentist is one of the health professionals with the highest risk of contagion of COVID-19 due to its direct contact with the oral cavity. High exposure to aerosols generated by rotating instruments in COVID-19 patients increases contact with the SARS-CoV-2 viral load in routine procedures. It has been described that mouthwashes prior to dental care could be effective solutions to reduce contagion despite their little clinical evidence. Mouthwashes with cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), hydrogen peroxide (H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>), povidone-iodine (PVP-I) and chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) show great potential to reduce the viral load of SARS-CoV-2 in the aerosols generated from saliva during the dental visit. Therefore, the objective of this article was to review the current scientific information on the relationship of the use of mouthwashes with the decrease in the viral load of SARS-CoV-2.</span></p> 2021-09-23T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia