Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia <ul> <li class="show"><strong>ISSN: </strong>0121-246X</li> <li class="show"><strong>ISSNe: </strong>2145-7670</li> <li class="show"><strong>Periodicity:</strong> Semiannual</li> <li class="show"><strong>Creative Commons:</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">by-nc-sa</a></li> </ul> Universidad de Antioquia en-US Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia 0121-246X <h2>Copyright Notice</h2> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Copyright comprises moral and patrimonial rights.</p> <p><strong>1. Moral rights:</strong> are born at the moment of the creation of the work, without the need to register it. They belong to the author in a personal and unrelinquishable manner; also, they are imprescriptible, unalienable and non negotiable.&nbsp;Moral rights are the right to paternity of the work, the right to integrity of the work, the right to maintain the work unedited or to publish it under a pseudonym or anonymously, the right to modify the work, the right to repent and, the right to be mentioned, in accordance with the definitions established in article 40 of Intellectual property bylaws of the Universidad (RECTORAL RESOLUTION 21231 of 2005).&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>2. Patrimonial rights:</strong> they consist of the capacity of financially dispose and benefit from the work trough any mean. Also, the patrimonial rights are relinquishable, attachable, prescriptive, temporary and transmissible, and they are caused with the publication or divulgation of the work. &nbsp;To the effect of publication of articles in the journal Revista de la Facultad de Odontología, it is understood that Universidad de Antioquia is the owner of the patrimonial rights of the contents of the publication.&nbsp;</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">The content of the publications is the exclusive responsibility of the authors. Neither the printing press, nor the editors, nor the Editorial Board will be responsible for the use of the information contained in the articles.</p> <h5 style="text-align: center;">I, we, the author(s), and through me (us), the Entity for which I, am (are) working, hereby transfer in a total and definitive manner and without any limitation, to the Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia, the patrimonial rights corresponding to the article presented for physical and digital publication. I also declare that neither this article, nor part of it has been published in another journal.</h5> <h2>Open Access Policy</h2> <p>The articles published in our Journal are fully open access, as we consider that providing the public with free access to research contributes to a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> <h4><strong>Creative Commons License</strong></h4> <p>The Journal offers its content to third parties without any kind of economic compensation or embargo on the articles. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license, known as&nbsp;<strong>Attribution – NonCommercial – Share Alike</strong>&nbsp;(BY-NC-SA), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited and that the new productions are licensed under the same conditions.</p> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" width="111" height="39"></a><br>This work is licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> Infection control procedures used by Paraguayan dentists to reduce biological risk in dental practice during the Covid-19 pandemic <p><strong> <span class="fontstyle0">Introduction: </span></strong><span class="fontstyle2">dental professionals have been identified as having a very high risk of exposure to coronavirus, specifically when they carry out procedures to generate aerosols in infectious patients. The objective was identifying the mechanical and chemical mechanisms used by Paraguayan dentists to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Evaluate the percentage of dentists who have treated positive COVID patients and who have subsequently developed the disease. </span><strong><span class="fontstyle0">Methods: </span></strong><span class="fontstyle2">it was a crosssectional descriptive observational study. Paraguayan dentists with internet access participated. The questions were about sociodemographic data and protection measures used in the office to reduce biological risk. The access link was disseminated through social networks. </span><strong><span class="fontstyle0">Results: </span></strong><span class="fontstyle2">428 dentists participated in the study, 84.11 % were women, 38.32 % were 30-39 years old. The most used disinfection and care measures were dental chair disinfection (96.7 %), hand washing (93.46 %) and surface disinfection with alcohol 70 (88.08 %). 59.1% used 1% hydrogen peroxide as a preoperative mouthwash. The majority wore KN95 masks (48.83 %), woven cloth robe (78.04 %), disposable robe (72.20 %); The patient is fitted with a disposable surgeon’s cap (89.49 %) and/or shoe covers (76.40 %), and their instruments are sterilized in an autoclave (82.48 %). One professional reported having been infected in the dental office. </span><strong><span class="fontstyle0">Conclusion: </span></strong><span class="fontstyle2">most of the Paraguayan dentists surveyed comply with the protocols established by the Ministry of Health and international organizations, which appear to be effective as protection mechanisms against COVID-19 in the clinical environment.</span> </p> Cynthia Mireya Jara-Pintos Clarisse Virginia Díaz-Reissner Carlos Gabriel Adorno Leticia Cataldi-López Vicente Reinaldo Fretes-López Gabriela Rosmary Ballasch Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia 2021-11-03 2021-11-03 33 2 Relationship of the use of mouthwashes with the decrease in the viral load of SARS-CoV-2 in dental practice: topic review <p class="04Resumen"><span lang="ES-PE">It is currently known that the dentist is one of the health professionals with the highest risk of contagion of COVID-19 due to its direct contact with the oral cavity. High exposure to aerosols generated by rotating instruments in COVID-19 patients increases contact with the SARS-CoV-2 viral load in routine procedures. It has been described that mouthwashes prior to dental care could be effective solutions to reduce contagion despite their little clinical evidence. Mouthwashes with cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), hydrogen peroxide (H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>), povidone-iodine (PVP-I) and chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) show great potential to reduce the viral load of SARS-CoV-2 in the aerosols generated from saliva during the dental visit. Therefore, the objective of this article was to review the current scientific information on the relationship of the use of mouthwashes with the decrease in the viral load of SARS-CoV-2.</span></p> Miguel Alessandro Taboada-Granados Esteban Mauricio Colina-Neyra Eliberto Ruiz-Ramirez Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia 2021-09-23 2021-09-23 33 2 10.17533/udea.rfo.v33n2a9