Multi-objective optimization of methionine+cysteine levels in diets for growing pigs

Authors

  • José L. Figueroa-Velasco Colegio de Postgraduados
  • José A. Martínez-Aispuro Colegio de Postgraduados
  • María T. Sánchez-Torres Colegio de Postgraduados
  • Humberto Vaquera-Huerta Colegio de Postgraduados
  • José L. Cordero-Mora Colegio de Postgraduados
  • Rafael Nieto-Aquino National Technological Institute of Mexico

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v33n4a03

Keywords:

carcass characteristics, cysteine, growth performance, methionine, nutritional requirements, protein, pigs, sulfur amino acids, swine nutrition

Abstract

Background: The addition of synthetic methionine to growing pig diets should consider the requirements of the methionine+cysteine complex, as most cysteine is obtained through dietary methionine. Objective: To determine an optimal level of methionine+cysteine (Met+Cys) in growing pig diets. Methods: Ninety-nine hybrid (Yorkshire×Landrace×Duroc) barrows were used in a completely randomized design (initial body weight: 25.90±3.99 kg). Nine levels of Met+Cys (0.500, 0.525, 0.550, 0.575, 0.600, 0.625, 0.650, 0.675, and 0.700%) were evaluated during 35 days. To determine a multi-objective optimal level of Met+Cys, growth performance and strongly related carcass traits were evaluated. Results: Average daily feed intake (ADFI) and feed:gain ratio (FGR) showed a linear response to the dietary Met+Cys level (p<0.05), with estimated optimal concentration at 0.700%. Average daily gain (ADG) did not show any effect on the Met+Cys level (p>0.05). Carcass characteristics were not affected by the Met+Cys concentration (p>0.05). The multi-objective optimal level for ADG, ADFI, and FGR was 0.667% Met+Cys. Conclusions: According to our results, 0.667% Met+Cys is the best concentration in diets for growing pigs.

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Author Biographies

José L. Figueroa-Velasco, Colegio de Postgraduados

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5258-5926
Livestock Program, Montecillo Campus, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillo, Texcoco, State of México.

José A. Martínez-Aispuro, Colegio de Postgraduados

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1695-598X
Livestock Program, Montecillo Campus, Coledio de Postgraduados, Montecillo, Texcoco, State of México.

María T. Sánchez-Torres, Colegio de Postgraduados

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1925-6658
Livestock Program, Montecillo Campus, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillo, Texcoco, State of México.

Humberto Vaquera-Huerta, Colegio de Postgraduados

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2805-804X
Statistics Program, Montecillo Campus, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillo, Texcoco, State of México.

José L. Cordero-Mora, Colegio de Postgraduados

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6782-4819
Livestock Program, Montecillo Campus, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillo, Texcoco, State of México.

Rafael Nieto-Aquino, National Technological Institute of Mexico

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1661-8043
National Technological Institute of Mexico, Technological Institute of Huejutla, Agricultural Engineering with a specialty in Zootechnics, Huejutla de Reyes, Hidalgo, México.

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Published

2020-04-17

How to Cite

Figueroa-Velasco, J. L., Martínez-Aispuro, J. A., Sánchez-Torres, M. T., Vaquera-Huerta, H., Cordero-Mora, J. L., & Nieto-Aquino, R. (2020). Multi-objective optimization of methionine+cysteine levels in diets for growing pigs. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 33(4), 228–238. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v33n4a03

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