Evaluation of mechanical properties in carbon/epoxy composites with different curing parameters
The intense research on the parameters involved in the composite materials grows every day due to the use of these materials in areas such as automotive, military and aeronautics. The use of composite materials is due to the possibility of combining desirable properties with the joining of metals, ceramics and/or polymers. The aim of this work was to evaluate the different conditions of improvement of the fabrication and curing process of the carbon fiber composite and epoxy resin, verifying if the differences are significant with the variations of resin volumetric fraction and curing process. For this purpose, the curing occurred due to the action of the vacuum, with the aid of the hydraulic press at a pressure of 1tnf with no pressure, all for 5 hours. For each type of curing process, the volumetric fraction of the resin was varied in 15%, 25%, 35% and 45%. Then, mechanical tensile, flexural and DMA tests were carried out and the results showed that there is an influence of the curing processes on the performance of the composites. The increase of the volumetric fraction of resin with hydraulic press and with no pressure showed a tendency of increase in the properties of tensile and flexural, respectively. In addition, for the vacuum process, it showed a better thermal stability. With this, depending on the application, one can choose the most suitable curing process.
R. Muraliraja, R. Aranachalam, I. Al-Fori, M. Al-Maharbi and S. Piya, “Development of alumina reinforced aluminum metal matrix composite with enhanced compressive strength through squeeze casting process”, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications, vol. 233, pp. 307-314, 2019.
M. K. Buragohain, “Composite structures: design, mechanics, analysis, manufacturing, and testing”, 1st ed, CRC Press, pp. 3-4, 2017.
G. Mittal, K. Y. Rhee, V. Mišković-Stanković and D. Hui, “Reinforcements in multi-scale polymer composites: processing, properties, and applications”, Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 138, pp. 122-139, 2018.
K. Shirvanimoghaddam, S. U. Hamim, M. K. Akbari, S. M. Fakhrhoseini, H. Khayyam, A. H. Pakseresht, E. Ghasali, M. Zabet, K. S. Munir, S. Jia, J. P. Davim and M. Naebe, “Carbon fiber reinforced metal matrix composites: fabrication processes and properties”, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, vol. 92, pp. 70-96, 2017.
E. J. Barbero, “Introduction to composite materials design”, 3rd ed, CRC Press, pp. 1-104, 2018.
D. Jiang, L. Liu, G. Wu, F. Xie and Y. Huang, “Mechanical properties of carbon fiber composites modified with graphene oxide in the interphase”, Polymer Composites, vol. 38, pp. 2425-2432, 2017.
N. Zheng, Y. Huang, H. Y. Liu, J. Gao and Y. W. Mai, “Improvement of interlaminar fracture toughness in carbon fiber/epoxy composites with carbon nanotubes/polysulfone interleaves”, Composites Science and Technology, vol. 140, pp. 8-15, 2017.
M. K. Gupta and R. K. Srivastava, “Mechanical properties of hybrid fibres reinforced polymer composite: a review”, Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, vol. 55, pp. 626-642, 2016.
K. K. Kar, “Composite materials: processing, applications, characterizations”, 1st ed, Springer, pp. 1-4, 2017.
G. Ambrogio, R. Conte, F. Gagliardi, L. De Napoli, L. Filice and P. Russo, “A new approach for forming polymeric composite structures”, Composite Structures, vol. 204, pp. 445-453, 2018.
Z. Yuan, Y. Wang, G. Yang, A. Tang, Z. Yang, S. Li, Y. Li and D. Song, “Evolution of curing residual stresses in composite using multi-scale method”, Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 155, pp. 49-61, 2018.
H. Altenbach, J. Altenbach and W. Kissing, “Classification of composite materials” In: Mechanics of composite structural elements, 2nd ed, Singapore, Springer, pp. 3-18, 2018.
V. Dhand, G. Mittal, K. Y. Rhee, S. J. Park and D. Hui, “A short review on basalt fiber reinforced polymer composites”, Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 73, pp. 166-180, 2015.
M. Sayuti, S. Sulaiman, B. T. H. T. Baharudin and M. K. A. Arifin, “Metal matrix composite products by vibration casting method” In: Reference module in materials science and materials engineering, Elsevier, p. 7, 2016.
K. L. Pickering, M. G. A. Efendy and T. M. Le, “A review of recent developments in natural fibre composites and their mechanical performance”, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, vol. 83, pp. 98-112, 2016.
M. A. Alazwari and S. S. Rao, “Modeling and analysis of composite laminates in the presence of uncertainties”, Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 161, pp. 107-120, 2019.
S. I. Kundalwal, “Review on micromechanics of nano-and micro-fiber reinforced composites”, Polymer Composites, vol. 39, pp. 4243-4274, 2018.
A. Zhang, H. Lu and D. Zhang, “Research on the mechanical properties prediction of carbon/epoxy composite laminates with different void contents”, Polymer Composites, vol. 37, pp. 14-20, 2016.
B. Song, T. Wang, H. Sun, H. Liu, X. Mai, X. Wang, L. Wang, N. Wang, Y. Huang and Z. Guo, “Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) interfacially strengthened carbon fiber epoxy composites”, Composites Science and Technology, vol. 167, pp. 515-521, 2018.
S. Nikbakt, S. Kamarian and M. Shakeri, “A review on optimization of composite structures part I: laminated composites”, Composite Structures, vol. 195, pp. 158-185, 2018.
J. Wang, L. Wen, J. Xiao, T. Liang, X. Hu and P. Li, “The mechanical properties and constitutive model of two woven composites including the influences of temperature, strain rate and damage growth”, Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 161, pp. 502-513, 2019.
H. J. Kim and J. H. Song, “Improvement in the mechanical properties of carbon and aramid composites by fiber surface modification using polydopamine”, Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 160, pp. 31-36, 2019.
K. V. N. Gopal, “Product design for advanced composite materials in aerospace engineering”, In: Advanced composite materials for aerospace engineering: processing, properties and applications, Elsevier, pp.413-428, 2016.
G. H. Staab, “Laminar Composites”, 2nd ed, Elsevier, pp. 99-133, 2015.
Z. Fawaz, “Quality control and testing methods for advanced composite materials in aerospace engineering” In: Advanced composite materials for aerospace engineering: processing, properties and application, Elsevier, p.429-451, 2016.
A. Axinte, N. Taranu and L. Bejan, “Influence of the geometric parameters on the mechanical behaviour of fabric reinforced composite laminates”, Applied Composite Materials, vol. 23, pp. 987-997, 2016.
Derechos de autor 2020 Revista Colombiana de Materiales
Esta obra está bajo licencia internacional Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0.