Presentismo académico y violencia contra las mujeres en escuelas de negocios e ingeniería en universidades peruanas

Palabras clave: presentismo académico, violencia contra la mujer, relaciones de pareja, universidades.

Resumen

El objetivo del presente estudio es demostrar la relación entre la violencia contra las mujeres (VCM) en las relaciones de pareja íntima y el presentismo académico de los estudiantes matriculados en programas de negocios e ingeniería en universidades peruanas. Este estudio adoptó un diseño de encuesta transversal exploratoria a través de una encuesta a 2640 estudiantes universitarios de las escuelas de negocios e ingeniería de 34 universidades peruanas. Se encontró que el 96,5% de los encuestados reportaron presentismo académico y el 32% son sobrevivientes de VCM. La regresión de mínimos cuadrados parciales mostró que la VCM genera 8,47 días perdidos debido al presentismo académico, el cual, al mismo tiempo, genera 15,12 incidentes críticos con profesores y colegas durante el año académico. Finalmente, se demostró que la VCM es un factor determinante que explica el 7,2% del presentismo académico de los estudiantes universitarios. Este estudio se encuentra entre los pocos que empíricamente buscan explorar el tiempo real que los estudiantes usan en un día en la universidad, por lo que midió las horas productivas académicas reales de estudiantes universitarios en Perú.

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Biografía del autor/a

Raquel Chafloque-Cespedes, Universidad de San Martin de Porres

Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Recursos Humanos

Aristides Vara-Horna, Universidad de San Martin de Porres

Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Recursos Humanos

Zaida Asencios-Gonzales, Universidad de San Martin de Porres

Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Recursos Humanos

Mg. Dennis R. López Odar, Universidad de San Martín de Porres

Docente coordinador - Instituto de Investigación

Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Recursos Humanos

Universidad de San Martín de Porres

Aldo Alvarez-Risco, Universidad de San Martin de Porres

Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Recursos Humanos

Liliana Quipuzco-Chicata, Universidad de San Martin de Porres

Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Recursos Humanos

Christin Schulze, The Arctic University of Norway

Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Recursos Humanos

Marte Sanchez-Villagomez, Universidad de San Martin de Porres

Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Recursos Humanos

Citas

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Publicado
2020-07-09
Cómo citar
Chafloque-Cespedes, R., Vara-Horna, A., Asencios-Gonzales, Z., López-Odar, D. R., Alvarez-Risco, A., Quipuzco-Chicata, L., Schulze, C., & Sanchez-Villagomez, M. (2020). Presentismo académico y violencia contra las mujeres en escuelas de negocios e ingeniería en universidades peruanas. Lecturas De Economía, (93), 127-153. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.le.n93a340726
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