Incentivos económicos para la conservación de áreas naturales: Una revisión de la literatura

Autores/as

  • Andrés Mauricio Vargas Fundación para el Desarrollo del Caribe, Fundesarrollo
  • Mauro Alejandro Reyes Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.le.n74a9997

Palabras clave:

Conservación, biodiversidad, servicios ambientales, incentivos económicos

Resumen


La creciente evidencia del deterioro acelerado de los ecosistemas y la pérdida de biodiversidad han estimulado el diseño y la aplicación de estrategias de conservación basadas en los incentivos económicos. Dos argumentos justifican esta aproximación: i) la inalienabilidad de la propiedad privada, y ii) la eficiencia económica. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar, en términos de eficiencia económica y efectividad ambiental, los diversos instrumentos económicos utilizados para la conservación de áreas naturales. A partir de una revisión extensa de la literatura, se encuentra que la dificultad más importante es la incertidumbre del efecto que tienen los incentivos económicos sobre el tamaño y configuración espacial del área a conservar, y por lo tanto del tipo y cantidad de servicios ambientales ofrecidos.

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Biografía del autor/a

Andrés Mauricio Vargas, Fundación para el Desarrollo del Caribe, Fundesarrollo

Director Académico Fundación para el Desarrollo del Caribe,
Fundesarrollo.

Mauro Alejandro Reyes, Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia

Subdirección Administrativa y Financiera, Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia.

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Publicado

2011-08-25

Cómo citar

Vargas, A. M., & Reyes, M. A. (2011). Incentivos económicos para la conservación de áreas naturales: Una revisión de la literatura. Lecturas De Economía, 74(74), 151–170. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.le.n74a9997

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