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Reflections on History from Below


  • University of Pittsburgh



There are, in my view, six essential elements of history from below. First, the project takes working people as the primary subjects of study. Second, history from below focuses on power, oppression, and resistance, which is to say, history from below is always connected to history from above. Third and fourth, history from below seeks to understand the experience and consciousness of working people, what they go through, how they think, and why they act in their social worlds. Fifth, historians from below always try to recover the voices of their subjects, to let them speak for themselves whenever and wherever possible. Sixth and finally, history from below sees working people not only as subjects, but as makers of history, as James, Thompson, and many others have taught us.

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Biografía del autor/a

, University of Pittsburgh

Distinguished Professor of Atlantic History at the University of Pittsburgh. His “histories from below” have won numerous awards, including the George Washington Book Prize, and have been translated into seventeen languages worldwide. He is co-author, with Peter Linebaugh, of La Hidra de la Revolución: Marineros, esclavos y campesinos en la historia oculta del Atlántico (2005; new edition forthcoming from Traficantes de Sueños) and author of Barco de Esclavos: La trata a través del Atlántico (Madrid: Capitán Swing, 2021). He produced a prize-winning documentary film, Ghosts of Amistad, (2013) directed by Tony Buba. He is currently working as guest curator in the JMW Turner Gallery at Tate Britain and writing a book about escaping slavery by sea in antebellum America.


2022-07-31 — Actualizado el 2023-01-15


Cómo citar

Marcus. (2023). Reflections on History from Below. Trashumante. Revista Americana De Historia Social, (20), 296–299. (Original work published 31 de julio de 2022)



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