Aspectos clínicos y epidemiológicos de la infección por virus Zika: implicaciones de la actual epidemia en Colombia y América Latina

Autores/as

  • Alfonso J. Rodríguez Morales Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Asociación Colombiana de Infectología
  • Wilmer F. Acevedo Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira
  • Wilmer E. Villamil Gómez Hospital Universitario de Sincelejo, Universidad del Atlántico
  • Juan Pablo Escalera Antezana Asociación Colombiana de Infectología, Universidad de Ciencia y Tecnología de Huazhong

Palabras clave:

Zika, arbovirus, dengue, chikungunya, Aedes, Colombia, América Latina

Resumen


El Virus Zika (ZIKV) es un arbovirus del género de los Flavivirus en la familia Flaviviridae. A este grupo pertenecen otros de importancia clínica como son el virus del dengue (DENV), virus de la fiebre amarilla (YFV) y el virus del Nilo occidental (WNV). El ZIKV fue identificado por primera vez en monos Rhesus del bosque Zika, en Uganda, del cual recibió su nombre (1947) y posteriormente fue aislado en seres humanos en Nigeria (1954). La presentación clásica de la enfermedad consiste en síndrome febril leve, poliartralgias levas a moderadas, rash maculopapular, con o sin mialgias, y con o sin cefalea. Se ha asociado al desarrollo de alteraciones neurológicas y posiblemente malformaciones congénitas en la gestación. Los mosquitos Aedes aegypti son el vector principal pero otras especies y géneros podrían estar involucrados. El ZIKV fue una enfermedad desatendida por su limitado número de casos y bajo impacto clínico en comparación con otros arbovirus. Para 2016, la Organización Mundial de la Salud declaró al ZIKV como una emergencia de salud pública de importancia internacional. Su trasmisión autóctona ha sido reportada en muchos países.

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Biografía del autor/a

Alfonso J. Rodríguez Morales, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Asociación Colombiana de Infectología

Grupo de Investigación Salud Pública e Infección, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia. Comité de Zoonosis y Fiebres Hemorrágicas, Asociación Colombiana de Infectología – Red Colombiana de Colaboración en Zika (RECOLZIKA).

Wilmer F. Acevedo, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira

Grupo de Investigación Salud Pública e Infección, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia.

Wilmer E. Villamil Gómez, Hospital Universitario de Sincelejo, Universidad del Atlántico

Comité de Zoonosis y Fiebres Hemorrágicas, Asociación Colombiana de Infectología – Red Colombiana de Colaboración en Zika (RECOLZIKA). Grupo de Investigación Enfermedades Infecciosas y Control de Infecciones, Hospital Universitario de Sincelejo, Sucre, Colombia y SUE Caribe. Programa del Doctorado de Medicina Tropical, Universidad del Atlántico, Barranquilla, Colombia.

Juan Pablo Escalera Antezana, Asociación Colombiana de Infectología, Universidad de Ciencia y Tecnología de Huazhong

Comité de Zoonosis y Fiebres Hemorrágicas, Asociación Colombiana de Infectología – Red Colombiana de Colaboración en Zika (RECOLZIKA). Hospital Tongji, Facultad de Medicina de Tongji, Universidad de Ciencia y Tecnología de Huazhong, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

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2016-06-21

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Rodríguez Morales, A. J., Acevedo, W. F., Villamil Gómez, W. E., & Escalera Antezana, J. P. . (2016). Aspectos clínicos y epidemiológicos de la infección por virus Zika: implicaciones de la actual epidemia en Colombia y América Latina. Hechos Microbiológicos, 5(2), 92–105. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/hm/article/view/323271

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