Efectos del desplazamiento forzado interno sobre la delincuencia: evidencia de Colombia

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.le.n101a353012

Palabras clave:

desplazamiento interno forzado, criminalidad, panel espacial, Colombia, América Latina, migración interna

Resumen

El desplazamiento forzado interno, consecuencia de las estrategias de control territorial de los grupos armados, ha resultado en profundos desafíos socioeconómicos para las zonas receptoras. Aproximadamente ocho millones de personas se han visto afectadas en Colombia, donde el conflicto interno y las redes criminales han prevalecido durante más de cinco décadas. Este artículo explora la relación entre la migración interna forzada y las tasas de criminalidad en los municipios colombianos de 2003 a 2016, enfocándose en la dinámica espacial. El estudio utiliza un modelo de panel espacial y considera cinco categorías de delitos: homicidios, secuestros, lesiones personales, robo de automóviles y robo residencial. Los resultados revelan asociaciones significativas entre el desplazamiento forzado y ciertos tipos de delincuencia, destacando la importancia del análisis espacial para comprender la interacción entre migración y delincuencia. Los hallazgos ofrecen información valiosa para los formuladores de políticas y los investigadores, facilitando intervenciones políticas informadas e iniciativas comunitarias para abordar las repercusiones de la migración interna en la dinámica del crimen.

|Resumen
= 228 veces | PDF (ENGLISH)
= 99 veces| | DATA
= 0 veces| | SHAPE
= 0 veces|

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Citas

Acevedo, K., & Bornacelly Olivella, I. D. (2014). Panel municipal del CEDE.

Almeida, E., Haddad, E., & Hewings, G. (2003). The Spatial Pattern of Crime in Minas Gerais: An Exploratory Analysis. Economia Aplicada, 9(1), 39–55. https://www.revistas.usp.br/ecoa/article/view/221387

Andresen, M. A. (2013). International immigration, internal migration, and homicide in Canadian provinces. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 57(5), 632–657. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624X12436798

Anselin, L., Cohen, J., Cook, D., Gorr, W., & Tita, G. (2000). Spatial Analyses of Crime. In D. Duffe (ed.), Measurement and Analysis of Crime and Justice, Volume 4 (pp. 213-262). US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs and National Institute of Justice.

Arnio, A. N., & Baumer, E. P. (2012). Demography, Foreclosure, and Crime: Assessing Spatial Heterogeneity in Contemporary Models of Neighborhood Crime Rates. Demographic Research, 26, 449–488. https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2012.26.18

Becker, G. S. (1968). Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach. Journal of Political Economy, 76 (2), 169–217. https://www.jstor.org/stable/1830482

Bell, B., Fasani, F., & Machin, S. (2013). Crime and Immigration: Evidence from Large Immigrant Waves. Review of Economics and Statistics, 95(4), 1278–1290. https://doi.og/10.1162/REST_a_00337

Bell, B., & Machin, S. (2013). Immigrant Enclaves and Crime. Journal of Regional Science, 53(1), 118–141. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jors.12003

Bianchi, M., Buonanno, P., & Pinotti, P. (2012). Do Immigrants Cause Crime? Journal of the European Economic Association, 10(6), 1318-1347. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1542-4774.2012.01085.x

Bourguignon, F., Nuñez, J., Sanchez, F., May, A., Bourguignon, F., & Sanchez, F. (2017). A Structural Model of Crime and Inequality in Colombia. Journal of the European Economic Association, 1(2), 440–449. https://www.jstor.org/stable/40005193

Bucheli, J., Fontenla, M., & Wadedll, B. (2019). Return Migration and Violence. World Development, 116, 113-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.12.010

Calderón-Mejía, V., & Ibáñez, A. M. (2016). Labour Market Effects of Migration-Related Supply Shocks: Evidence from Internal Refugees in Colombia. Journal of Economic Geography, 16(3), 695–713. https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbv030

Cheng, J., Liu, J., & Wang, J. (2017). Domestic Migration, Home Rentals, and Crime Rates in China. The Journal of Chinese Sociology, 4(1), 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40711-017-0056-3

Chiswick, B., & Miller, P. (2014). Handbook of the Economics of International Migration. North Holland.

Cracolici, M. F., & Uberti, T. E. (2009). Geographical Distribution of Crime in Italian Provinces: A Spatial Econometric Analysis. Jahrbuch Fur Regionalwissenschaft, 29(1), 1–28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10037-008-0031-1

Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE). (n.d. ). Estadísticas por tema: demografía y población. Accessed on 15 November 2022. https://www.dane.gov.co/index.php/estadisticas-por-tema/demografia-y-poblacion

Egger, E. M. (2022). Internal Migration and Crime in Brazil. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 71(1), 223-259. https://doi.org/10.1086/714740

Ehrlich, I. (1973). Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation. Journal of Political Economy, 81 (3). https://doi.org/10.1086/260058

Elhorst, J. P. (2014). Spatial Econometrics from Cross-Sectional Data to Spatial Panels. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-40340-8

Engel, S., & Ibáñez, A. M. (2007). Displacement Due to Violence in Colombia: A Household-Level Analysis. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 55(2), 335-365. https://econpapers.repec.org/article/ucpecdecc/y_3a2007_3av_3a55_3ai_3a2_3ap_3a335-65.htm

Fernandez, M., Ibáñez, A. M., & Peña, X. (2014). Adjusting the Labour Supply to Mitigate Violent Shocks: Evidence from Rural Colombia. The Journal of Development Studies, 50(8), 1135-1155. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220388.2014.919384

Graif, C., & Sampson, R. J. (2009). Spatial Heterogeneity in the Effects of Immigration and Diversity on Neighborhood Homicide Rates. Homicide Studies, 13(3), 2–20. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088767909336728

Herrick, B. H. (1966). Urban Migration and Economic Development in Chile. MIT Press Books.

Hirschi, T., & Stark, R. (1969). Hellfire and Delinquency. Social Problems, 17(2), 202-213. https://doi.org/10.2307/799866

Ibáñez, A. M. (2009). Forced Displacement in Colombia: Magnitude and Causes. The Economics of Peace and Security Journal, 4(1), 48-54. https://ideas.repec.org/a/epc/journl/v4y2009i1p48-54.html

Ibáñez, A. M., & Moya, A. (2010). Vulnerability of Victims of Civil Conflicts: Empirical Evidence for the Displaced Population in Colombia. World Development, 38(4), 647–663. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.11.015

Ibáñez, A. M., Rodríguez, C., & Zarruk, D. (2013). Crime, Punishment, and Schooling Decisions: Evidence from Colombian Adolescents [IDB working paper No. IDB-WP-413]. Inter-American Development Bank. https://publications.iadb.org/en/publication/11290/crime-punishment-and-schooling-decisions-evidence-colombian-adolescents

Ibáñez, A. M., & Vélez, C. E. (2008). Civil Conflict and Forced Migration: The Micro Determinants and Welfare Losses of Displacement in Colombia. World Development, 36(4), 659–676. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2007.04.013

Ibáñez, A., & Moya, A. (2006). The Impact of Intra-State Conflict on Economic Welfare and

Consumption Smoothing: Empirical Evidence for The Displaced Population in Colombia [HiCN working papers 23]. https://ideas.repec.org/p/hic/wpaper/23.html

Ibáñez, A., & Velásquez, A. (2009). Identifying Victims of Civil Conflicts: An Evaluation of Forced Displaced Households in Colombia. Journal of Peace Research, 46(3), 431–451. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25654414

Ibáñez, A., & Vélez, C. (2008). Civil Conflict and Forced Migration: The Micro Determinants and Welfare Losses of Displacement in Colombia. World Development, 36(4), 659–676. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2007.04.013

InSight Crime (2021, January) Colombia Profile. https://insightcrime.org/colombia-organized-crime-news/colombia/

Jaitman, L., & Machin, S. (2013). Crime and immigration: new evidence from England and Wales. IZA Journal of Migration, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-9039-2-19

Kollamparambil, U. (2019). Immigration, Internal Migration and Crime in South Africa: A Multi-Level Model Analysis. Development Policy, 37 (5), 672– 691. https://doi.org/10.1111/dpr.12382

Kubrin, C. E., Hipp, J. R., & Kim, Y. A. (2016). Different than the Sum of Its Parts: Examining the Unique Impacts of Immigrant Groups on Neighborhood Crime Rates. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 34, 1–36. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10940-016-9320-y

Macdonald, J. M., Hipp, J. R., & Gill, C. (2013). The Effects of Immigrant Concentration on Changes in Neighborhood Crime Rates. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 29(2), 191–215. https://doi.org/10.1007/S10940-012-9176-8

Mears, D. P. (2001). The Immigration-Crime Nexus: Toward an Analytic Framework for Assessing and Guiding Theory, Research, and Policy. Sociological Perspectives, 44(1), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1525/sop.2001.44.1.1

Meng, X., & Zhang, D. (2013). The Social Impact of Rural-Urban Migration on Urban ‘Natives’ [working paper]. https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/document?repid=rep1&type=pdf&doi=d70c5fb879d8268c2dda80a99997b028b96e628d

Nunziata, L. (2015). Immigration and Crime: Evidence from Victimization Data. Journal of Population Economics, 28(3), 697–736. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00148-015-0543-2

Ousey, G. C., & Kubrin, C. E. (2009). Exploring the Connection between Immigration and Violent Crime Rates in U.S. Cities, 1980 – 2000. Social Problems, 56(3), 447–473. https://doi.org/10.1525/sp.2009.56.3.447

Policía Nacional de Colombia (n.d.). Estadística delictiva. Accessed on March 1 of 2018. https://www.policia.gov.co/grupo-informaci%C3%B3n-criminalidad/estadistica-delictiva

Reid, L. W., Weiss, H. E., Adelman, R. M., & Jaret, C. (2005). The Immigration-Crime Relationship: Evidence across US Metropolitan Areas. Social Science Research, 34(4), 757–780. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2005.01.001

Roche-Villarreal, L. (2012). Forced Displacement and Crime in Colombia [Memories]. https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/document?repid=rep1&type=pdf&doi=6d3e0399ec3f1ed2ea0e23fcc2b977059e1a7347

Schultz, T. P. (1971). Rural-Urban Migration in Colombia. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 53 (2), 157-163. https://www.jstor.org/stable/1925711

Spenkuch, J. L. (2014). Understanding the Impact of Immigration on Crime. American Law and Economics Review, 16(1), 177-219. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24735701

Thomas, P. M. (2011). Theoretical Articulation on Immigration and Crime. Homicide Studies, 15(4), 382–403. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088767911424539

Tita, G. E., & Radil, S. M. (2010). Spatial Regression Models in Criminology: Modeling Social Processes in the SpatialWeights Matrix. Handbook of Quantitative Criminology. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-77650-7

Téllez, J. (2022). Land, Opportunism, and Displacement in Civil Wars: Evidence from Colombia.

American Political Science Review, 116 (2), 403–418. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055421001003

Torres-Preciado, V. H., Polanco-Gaytán, M., & Tinoco-Zermeño, M. A. (2017). Crime and Regional Economic Growth in Mexico: A Spatial Perspective. Papers in Regional Science, 96(3), 477–494. https://doi.org/10.1111/pirs.12205

Treyger, E. (2013). Migration and Violent Crime: Lessons from the Russian Experience. Georgetown Immigration Law Journal, 27(2), 257–310. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.31.041304.122308

Unidad de Víctimas (n.d.). Víctimas de conflicto armado. UpToDate. Accessed on March 1, 2018. https://www.unidadvictimas.gov.co/es/publicacion-de-datos-abiertos/

Wadsworth, T. (2010). Is Immigration Responsible for The Crime Drop? An Assessment of the Influence of Immigration on Changes in Violent Crime Between 1990 and 2000. Social Science Quarterly, 91(2), 531–553. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6237.2010.00706.x

Ye, X., & Wu, L. (2011). Analyzing the Dynamics of Homicide Patterns in Chicago: ESDA and Spatial Panel Approaches. Applied Geography, 31(2), 800–807. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2010.08.00

Descargas

Archivos adicionales

Publicado

2024-03-09

Cómo citar

Sanchez-Saldarriaga, A., Gomez Toro, C., Velasquez, H., & Mejia Mejia, J. F. (2024). Efectos del desplazamiento forzado interno sobre la delincuencia: evidencia de Colombia . Lecturas De Economía, (101), 135–172. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.le.n101a353012

Número

Sección

Artículos