La génesis de la Economía de la Salud en Kenneth Arrow (1963)

  • Jairo Humberto Restrepo Zea Universidad de Antioquia
  • Kristian Kamilo Rojas López Fundación ECSIM
Palabras clave: Economía de la Salud, bienestar, Arrow, servicios de salud, fallas de mercado

Resumen

Kenneth J. Arrow es uno de los economistas más destacados del siglo XX. Sus preocupaciones sobre el equilibrio competitivo y la optimalidad bajo condiciones de incertidumbre lo llevaron a publicar en 1963 el artículo “Uncertainty and the welfare economics of medical care”, reconocido como la génesis de la Economía de la Salud. En este ensayo se rinde un homenaje a esta obra, develando el plan intelectual para el análisis de bienestar de las prestaciones médicas, discutiendo la vigencia de los planteamientos originales y destacando sus principales implicaciones en cuanto a los temas objeto de análisis y discusión. La tesis central de Arrow sobre la imposibilidad del mercado para alcanzar una asignación eficiente sigue vigente debido, especialmente, a la incertidumbre respecto a la incidencia de enfermedades. Además del debate sobre Estado-mercado, a partir de Arrow se discuten las implicaciones de asuntos como la información asimétrica, el riesgo moral y las normas sociales.

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Biografía del autor/a

Jairo Humberto Restrepo Zea, Universidad de Antioquia

Profesor y Coordinador del Grupo de Economía de la Salud, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad de Antioquia.

Kristian Kamilo Rojas López, Fundación ECSIM

Profesor y Coordinador del Grupo de Economía de la Salud, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad de Antioquia

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Publicado
2016-01-29
Cómo citar
Restrepo Zea J. H., & Rojas López K. K. (2016). La génesis de la Economía de la Salud en Kenneth Arrow (1963). Lecturas De Economía, (84), 209-242. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.le.n84a07
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