Aislamiento de Paramphistomidae en vacas de leche y en el hospedador intermediario (Lymnaea truncatula y Lymnaea columella) en una granja del trópico alto en el occidente de Colombia

Authors

  • Laura P. López
  • Johanna Romero
  • Luz E. Velásquez

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.324252

Keywords:

Bos taurus, Paramphistomidae, Fasciola hepatica, Lymnaea columella, Lymnaea truncatula

Abstract

 

Summary

Some Paramphistomidae (Region Trematoda: Digenea) parasitize the digestive system of economically important ruminants worldwide. Two species of these flukes have been recorded in cattle from the Caribbean Coast and eastern plains of Colombia. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of paramphistomids in both dairy cattle          (n = 71) and snails on a dairy farm in Rionegro (Antioquia), located in the western Andes. Four quarterly fecal samples were taken in the farm from July 2004 to July 2005. Faeces were collected from lactating dairy cows for diagnosis by using the Dennis technique. Snails were captured in diverse aquatic ecosystems of the locality and their infection status was confirmed by dissection under stereoscopic exam. The eggs and intra-mollusc stages of the parasite were described and photographed. The frequency of the paramphistomid was 100% in the 71 cows evaluated, of which 51 (80%) also presented fasciolid flukes. Eggs of the two digeneid species were differentiated based on their coloration, and the identity of the family confirmed through eclosion of the miracidia. In all 1146 snails were collected and identified as Lymnaea truncatula and a further 335 as L. columella, whose rates of infection to the paramphistomid were 25, 47 and 1.79% respectively. The morphologies of the intramollusc stages obtained were compatible with members of the families Paramphistomidae and Fasciolidae. This constitutes the first record of a focus of bovine paramphistomosis in the high Andean zone of western Colombia. The presence in sympatry of the paramphistomid with Fasciola hepatica is noteworthy, as is the finding of two host snail species for both digeneids. The frequencies of infection in the snails indicate that L. truncatula acts as the principal intermediate host of the paramphistomid and L. columella as its alternate intermediate host. Although the frequency of paramphistomids in the herd was very high, presence of the parasite was unsuspected until the present study. This explains the absence of measures for its control.

Key words: Bos taurus, Fasciola hepatica, Lymnaea columella, Lymnaea truncatula, Paramphistomidae.

Resumo

Alguns Paramphistomidae (Trematoda: Digenea) parasitam o sistema digestivo de ruminantes de importância econômica no mundo. Na Colômbia têm sido identificadas duas espécies em bovinos da Costa Caribe e dos Llanos Orientais Nacionais. Este trabalho de pesquisa teve como objetivo determinar a freqüência de um paramfistómido em bovinos e caracóis de uma fazenda localizada em Rionegro, Antioquia. Nesta fazenda foram feitas quatro amostragens trimestrais entre julho de 2004 e julho de 2005 coletando fezes de bovinos em ordenho, para fazer o diagnóstico mediante a técnica de Dennis. Os caracóis foram capturados em diversos ecossistemas aquáticos do lugar e sua infecção estabelecida mediante dissecção. Os ovos e os estádios intramolusco do parasito foram descritos e fotografados. A freqüência do paramfistómido foi de 100% nos 71 bovinos avaliados, de estes, o 80% (51 bovinos) apresentaram ademais um fasciólido. Os ovos de ambos digêneos diferenciaram-se mediante sua coloração e a família se confirmou mediante a eclosão dos miracidios. Foram coletados 1.146 caracois catalogados como Lymnaea truncatula e 335 catalogados como Lymnaea columella, cujas freqüências de infeção pelo paramfistomido foram 25, 47 e 1.79%, respectivamente. A morfologia dos estádios intramolusco obtidos foi compatível com as familias Paramphistomidae e Fasciolidae. Isto constitui o primeiro registro de um foco de paramfistomosis bovina numa região alto andina, no ocidente da Colômbia, donde destaca-se a presença em  simpatría com Fasciola hepatica e duas espécies de moluscos hospedeiros de ambos digêneos. As freqüências de infecção nos caracóis, sugerem L. truncatula como hospedeiro intermediário principal do paramfistómido e L. columella como hospedeiro intermediário alternativo do mesmo. A alta freqüência do paramfistomido pode obedecer ao desconhecimento de sua presença no rebanho e por tanto à ausência de medidas para seu controle.

 

|Abstract
= 120 veces | HTML
= 163 veces| | PDF
= 47 veces|

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abrous M, Rondelaud D, Dreyfuss G. Influence of low temperatures.on.the.cercarial.shedding.of.Paramphistomum daubneyi. from.the.snail.Lymnaea truncatula parasite;.J.Helminthol2000;.6:85-88 ..

..Benavides.OE,.Romero.NA ..Manejo.integrado.de.plagas.y. enfermedades ..El.control.de.los.parásitos.internos.en.del.ganado.en .los.sistemas.de .pastoreo.en .el .trópico.colombiano2001.URL:http://www.fedegan.org.co/71manual.html.

Cheng TC. General parasitology. New York: Academic Press.College.Division;.1986

.4 ..Carrada-Bravo.T ..Fasciola hepatica:. ciclo.biológico.y.potencial.biológico ..Rev.Mex.Pat.Clin.2007;.54:12-22 .

..Castro.Z,.García.J,.Casildo.L ..The.susceptibility.of.lymnaeid.snails.to.Paramphistomum cervi. infections.in.Mexico ..Vet Parasitol 1990; 35:157-161 .Vet.Parasitol.1990;.35:157-161 .

..Cordero.del.CM,.Rojo.VF .. Parasitología.Veterinaria ..3ª.reimpresión. Madrid: McGraw-Hill Interamericana; 2002. p .225-228 .

..Cruz-Mendoza.I,. Figueroa.JA,.Correa.D,.Ramos-Martínez.E,.Lecumberri-López.J,.et al .. Dynamics ofDynamics.of.Fasciola hepatica infection in two species of snails in a rural localitytwo species of snails in a rural locality of.Mexico ..Vet.Parasitol.2004;.121:87-93 .

Dinnik JA, Dinnik NN. The life cycle of Paramphistomum microbothrium.Fischoeder,.1901.(Trematoda,.Paramphistomatidae) .. East. African. Veterinary. Research.Organization .. Muguga,.Kenya;.1953 .. p .285-299 ..

..Dreyfuss.G,.Vignoles.P,. Rondelaud.D ..Natural.infections.of.Omphiscola glabra (Lymnaeidae) with Fasciola hepatica.in.central.France ..Parasitol.Res.2003;.91:458-461 .

..Forlano.MD,.Henríquez.HR,.Meléndez.RD ..Incidencia.y.prevalencia.de. .Cotylophoron. spp ..(Trematoda:.Digenea).en.bovinos.del.asentamiento.campesino.“Las.Majaguas” ..Portuguesa,.Venezuela,.1996-1997 ..Gac.Vet.2001;.7:51-58 .

Griffiths IB, Parra DG, Vizcaíno OG, Gallego MI. PrevalencePrevalence.of parasite eggs and cysts in faeces from dairy cows in Colombia . Trop Anim Health Prod . Trop Anim Health Prod.Trop.Anim.Health.Prod.1986;.18:155-157 .

..Guzmán.CH,.Hernández.HA ..Prevalencia.de.Paramphistomum. sp ..en . bovinos. del. municipio. de.Medina,. Casanare ..Trabajo. de . grado,. Facultad. de.Medicina. Veterinaria. y. Zootecnia,. Universidad. Nacional.de .Colombia,.Bogotá,.1992 ..73p .73p ..13 ..Happich.FA,.Boray.JC ..�uantitative diagnosis of chronic�uantitative.diagnosis.of.chronic.fasciolasis ..1. Comparative.studies.on.quantitative.faecal.examinations.for.chronic.Fasciola hepatica. infection.in.sheep ..Aust Vet J 1969; 45:326-328 .Aust.Vet.J.1969;.45:326-328 .45:326-328 .

..Holdridge.LR ..Ecología.basada.en.zonas.de.vida ..ServicioServicio.editorial.IICA,.Costa.Rica;.1987 ..

..Leimbacher,.F .. Epidémiologie.de.la.fasciolose.dans.le.centre.ouest.de.la.France ..Essais.d ́adaptation.d ́une.technique.de.prévision ..Mémoire.Ingénieur CNAM . Paris;. CNAM ..Paris;.1975.p .1-11 .

Malek EA, Cheng TC. Medical and economic malacology. New York, London: Academic Press; 1974. p.374.

Malek E, Congswell FB. Lymnaea (Pseudosuccinea) columella in.Colombia ..Nautilus.1980;.94:112-114 .

..Manga.GM ..Trematodos ..En:.Cordero.del.CM,.Rojo.VF.(Eds) ..Parasitología.Veterinaria ..3ª.reimpresión ..Madrid:.McGraw-Hill Interamericana; 2002. p.225-228.

Muro AA, Ramajo MV. Paranfistomosis. En: Cordero del.CM,.Rojo.VF.(Eds) ..Parasitología.Veterinaria ..3ª.reimpresión. Madrid: McGraw-Hill Interamericana; 2002. p .225-228 .

..Paraense.WL ..Lymnaea columella.in.northern.Brazil ..Mem.Inst Oswaldo Cruz 1983. 79:75-81.

..Pinheiro.AJ,.Maldonado.JM ..Morphology of the rediae oflogy.of.the.rediae.of.Echinostoma paraensei. (Trematoda:.Echinostomatidae).from.its.intermediate.host.Lymnaea columella. (Mollusca:.Gastropoda) ..Parasitol.Res.2004;.93:171-177 .22 ..Pino.LA,.Morales.G,.Márquez.A .. Presencia.de .Lymnaea cubensis.hospedador.intermediario.de .Fasciola hepatica.en . el . municipio. de . La. Cañada. de . Urdaneta,. Estado. de.Zulia .. Vet.Trop.1995;.20:85-93 .

..Rivera.B,.Aragón.R,.Parra.D ..Estudio.preliminar.sobre.la paranfistomiasis bovina en los llanos orientales de Colombia ..Rev.Col.Cienc.Pec.1979;.2:93-99 .

..Rinaldi.L,.Perugini.AG,.Capuano.F,.Fenizia.D,.Musella.V,.et al.. Characterization of the second internal transcribedCharacterization.of.the.second.internal.transcribed.spacer.of.ribosomal.DNA. of.Calicophoron daubneyi. from.various.hosts.and.locations.in.southern.Italy ..Vet.Parasitol.2005;.131:247-253

.25 ..Rodríguez.H .. Determinación.de .un.huésped.intermediario.de . la . paramphistomiasis. bovina. en . condiciones. de.piedemonte. llanero ..Trabajo. de . grado,. Facultad. de.medicina.veterinaria.y.zootecnia,.Universidad.Tecnológica.de .los.Llanos.Orientales,.Villavicencio,.1984 .. 61.p .

..Salazar.L,.Estrada.VE,.Velásquez.LE ..Effect.of.the.exposure.to.Fasciola hepatica (Trematoda:.Digenea).on.life.history.traits.of.Lymnaea cousini and.Lymnaea columella (Gastropoda:.Lymnaeidae) .. Exp Parasitol 2006;Exp.Parasitol.2006;.114:77-83 .

..Samadi.S,.Roumegoux.A,.Bargues.MD,.Mas-Coma.S,.Yong M, et al.. Morphological studies of lymnaeid snailMorphological.studies.of.lymnaeid.snail.from.the.human.fascioliasis.endemic.zone.of.Bolivia. J.Mol.Stud.2000;.66:31-44 .

..Sarmiento.JI ..Sistema.digestivo.de.rumiantes.y. aves ..1997 ..URL: http://www.monografias.com/trabajos10/ruav/ruav.shtml

..Tatcher.VE .. Trematódeos neotropicais . Manaus: InstitutoTrematódeos.neotropicais ..Manaus:.Instituto.Nacional.de.Pesquisas.da.Amazonia;.1993 .

.30. Velásquez LE. Synonymy between Lymnaea bogotensis Pilsbry,.1935and.Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume,.1887.(Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae). Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2006; 101:795-799 .

Downloads

Published

2009-07-08

How to Cite

López, L. P., Romero, J., & Velásquez, L. E. (2009). Aislamiento de Paramphistomidae en vacas de leche y en el hospedador intermediario (Lymnaea truncatula y Lymnaea columella) en una granja del trópico alto en el occidente de Colombia. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 21(1), 10. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.324252

Issue

Section

Original research articles

Similar Articles

> >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.