Relación microbioma, salud y producción en las ciencias pecuarias

  • Andrés Gómez University of Minessota

Abstract

The microbiome (or microbiota,) the collection of microorganisms that colonize and inhabit mammalian cavities, surfaces and epithelia, plays critical roles in the animal physiological landscape. This microecosystem, made up by trillions of microbial cells and their genes, encodes functions that extend the physiological capabilities of animals and that guarantee the efficient execution of nutritional, immune and welfare processes, that would be unavailable otherwise. Although the importance of the microbiome in animal health and efficiency has long been recognized in production systems, advances in molecular biology, next generation sequencing techniques, bioinformatics, meta-OMIC sciences, data mining and machine learning to study microbiomes (microbiOMIC techniques,) have shed light on an unprecedented compositional and functional complexity of microbiomes in different model systems, and have revealed that the microbiome simultaneously impacts multiple physiological processes in animals in diverse manners. Furthermore, the application of microbiOMIC techniques in different animal model has unraveled the potential of nutritional and management interventions to modulate microbiomes and improve the efficiency of animal production systems. Microbiome modulation strategies in food animals are of critical importance today, given current challenges on food security, environmental sustainability and clean food production that we face in the field. This conference seeks to provide current perspectives on the influence of the microbiome in animal production systems. Emphasis will be made on the molecular mechanisms that support the animal-microbe-diet axis and on the intricate, close relationship between nutrition, immune homeostasis (health) and animal efficiency. Likewise, based on evidence collected up to date, different scenarios are presented, in which nutritional and environmental strategies are used to modulate the microbiome and influence animal physiology and health, in favor of more efficient production systems.

|Abstract
= 222 veces | PDF (ESPAÑOL (ESPAÑA))
= 177 veces|

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Andrés Gómez, University of Minessota

Department of Animal Sciences; Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minnesota, USA.

References

Alipour, Mohammad Jaber, Jonna Jalanka, Tiina PessaMorikawa, Tuomo Kokkonen, Reetta Satokari, Ulla Hynönen, Antti Iivanainen, and Mikael Niku. 2018. “The Composition of the Perinatal Intestinal Microbiota in Cattle.” Scientifc Reports 8 (1): 10437.

Allen, Heather K., Uri Y. Levine, Torey Looft, Meggan Bandrick, and Thomas A. Casey. 2013. “Treatment, Promotion, Commotion: Antibiotic Alternatives in Food-Producing Animals.” Trends in Microbiology 21 (3): 114–19.

Bergman, E. N. 1990. “Energy Contributions of Volatile Fatty Acids from the Gastrointestinal Tract in Various Species.” Physiological Reviews 70 (2): 567–90.

Byrne, C. S., E. S. Chambers, D. J. Morrison, and G. Frost. 2015. “The Role of Short Chain Fatty Acids in Appetite Regulation and Energy Homeostasis.” International Journal of Obesity 39 (9): 1331–38.

Cani, Patrice D., Audrey M. Neyrinck, Nicole Maton, and Nathalie M. Delzenne. 2005. “Oligofructose Promotes Satiety in Rats Fed a High-Fat Diet: Involvement of Glucagon-like Peptide-1.” Obesity Research 13 (6): 1000–1007.

Castro, J. J., A. Gomez, B. A. White, H. J. Mangian, J. R. Loften, and J. K. Drackley. 2016. “Changes in the Intestinal Bacterial Community, Short-Chain Fatty Acid Profle, and Intestinal Development of Preweaned Holstein Calves. 1. Effects of Prebiotic Supplementation Depend on Site and Age.” Journal of Dairy Science 99 (12): 9682–9702.

Curtis, G., C. McGregor Argo, D. Jones, and D. Grove-White. 2018. “The Impact of Early Life Nutrition and Housing on Growth and Reproduction in Dairy Cattle.” PloS One 13 (2): e0191687.

De Rodas, Brenda, Bonnie P. Youmans, Jessica L. Danzeisen, Huyen Tran, and Timothy J. Johnson. 2018. “Microbiome Profling of Commercial Pigs from Farrow to Finish.” Journal of Animal Science 96 (5): 1778–94.

Di Giancamillo, Alessia, Raffaella Rossi, Piera Anna Martino, Lucia Aidos, Federica Maghin, Cinzia Domeneghini, and Carlo Corino. 2018. “Copper Sulphate Forms in Piglet Diets: Microbiota, Intestinal Morphology and Enteric Nervous System Glial Cells.” Animal Science Journal = Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho 89 (3): 616–24.

Forsberg, Cecil W., K-J Cheng, and Bryan A. White. 1997. “Polysaccharide Degradation in the Rumen and Large Intestine.” In Gastrointestinal Microbiology: Volume 1 Gastrointestinal Ecosystems and Fermentations, edited by Roderick I. Mackie and Bryan A. White, 319–79. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Forsberg, Cecil W., K-J Cheng, and Bryan A. White. 1997. “Polysaccharide Degradation in the Rumen and Large Intestine.” In Gastrointestinal Microbiology: Volume 1 Gastrointestinal Ecosystems and Fermentations, edited by Roderick I. Mackie and Bryan A. White, 319–79. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Kaewtapee, Chanwit, Katharina Burbach, Georgina Tomforde, Thomas Hartinger, Amélia Camarinha-Silva, Sonja Heinritz, Jana Seifert, Markus Wiltafsky, Rainer Mosenthin, and Pia Rosenfelder-Kuon. 2017. “Effect of Bacillus Subtilis and Bacillus Licheniformis Supplementation in Diets with Lowand High-Protein Content on Ileal Crude Protein and Amino Acid Digestibility and Intestinal Microbiota Composition of Growing Pigs.” Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 8 (May): 37.

Kraler, Manuel, Mahdi Ghanbari, Konrad J. Domig, Karl Schedle, and Wolfgang Kneifel. 2016. “The Intestinal Microbiota of Piglets Fed with Wheat Bran Variants as Characterised by 16S rRNA next-Generation Amplicon Sequencing.” Archives of Animal Nutrition 70 (3): 173–89.

Kubasova, Tereza, Lenka Davidova-Gerzova, Elodie Merlot, Matej Medvecky, Ondrej Polansky, Delphine Gardan-Salmon, Helene Quesnel, and Ivan Rychlik. 2017. “Housing Systems Influence Gut Microbiota Composition of Sows but Not of Their Piglets.” PloS One 12 (1): e0170051.

Malmuthuge, Nilusha, Philip J. Griebel, and Le Luo Guan. 2015. “The Gut Microbiome and Its Potential Role in the Development and Function of Newborn Calf Gastrointestinal Tract.” Frontiers in Veterinary Science 2 (September): 36.

Mathew, Alan G., Robin Cissell, and S. Liamthong. 2007. “Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria Associated with Food Animals: A United States Perspective of Livestock Production.” Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 4 (2): 115–33.

Mazmanian, Sarkis K., June L. Round, and Dennis L. Kasper. 2008. “A Microbial Symbiosis Factor Prevents Intestinal Inflammatory Disease.” Nature 453 (7195): 620–25.

Meale, S. J., S. C. Li, P. Azevedo, H. Derakhshani, T. J. DeVries, J. C. Plaizier, M. A. Steele, and E. Khafpour. 2017. “Weaning Age Influences the Severity of Gastrointestinal Microbiome Shifts in Dairy Calves.” Scientifc Reports 7 (1): 198.

Moen, Birgitte, Ingunn Berget, Ida Rud, Anastasia S. Hole, Nils Petter Kjos, and Stefan Sahlstrøm. 2016. “Extrusion of Barley and Oat Influence the Fecal Microbiota and SCFA Profle of Growing Pigs.” Food & Function 7 (2): 1024–32.

Pedroso, Adriana A., Anne L. Hurley-Bacon, Andrea S. Zedek, Tiffany W. Kwan, Andrea P. O. Jordan, Gloria Avellaneda, Charles L. Hofacre, et al. 2013. “Can Probiotics Improve the Environmental Microbiome and Resistome of Commercial Poultry Production?” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10 (10): 4534–59.

Quan, Jianping, Gengyuan Cai, Jian Ye, Ming Yang, Rongrong Ding, Xingwang Wang, Enqin Zheng, et al. 2018. “A Global Comparison of the Microbiome Compositions of Three Gut Locations in Commercial Pigs with Extreme Feed Conversion Ratios.” Scientifc Reports 8 (1): 4536.

Quan, Jianping, Gengyuan Cai, Jian Ye, Ming Yang, Rongrong Ding, Xingwang Wang, Enqin Zheng, et al. 2018. “A Global Comparison of the Microbiome Compositions of Three Gut Locations in Commercial Pigs with Extreme Feed Conversion Ratios.” Scientifc Reports 8 (1): 4536.

Shabat, Sheerli Kruger Ben, Goor Sasson, Adi DoronFaigenboim, Thomer Durman, Shamay Yaacoby, Margret E. Berg Miller, Bryan A. White, Naama Shterzer, and Itzhak Mizrahi. 2016. “Specifc Microbiome-Dependent Mechanisms Underlie the Energy Harvest Efciency of Ruminants.” The ISME Journal 10 (12): 2958–72.

Tapio, Ilma, Timothy J. Snelling, Francesco Strozzi, and R. John Wallace. 2017. “The Ruminal Microbiome Associated with Methane Emissions from Ruminant Livestock.” Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 8 (January): 7.

Threlfall, E. J., L. R. Ward, J. A. Frost, and G. A. Willshaw. 2000. “The Emergence and Spread of Antibiotic Resistance in Food-Borne Bacteria.” International Journal of Food Microbiology 62 (1-2): 1–5.

Vo, Nguyen, Tsung Cheng Tsai, Charles Maxwell, and Franck Carbonero. 2017. “Early Exposure to Agricultural Soil Accelerates the Maturation of the Early-Life Pig Gut Microbiota.” Anaerobe 45 (June): 31–39.

Published
2019-10-30
How to Cite
Gómez A. (2019). Relación microbioma, salud y producción en las ciencias pecuarias. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 32, 34-38. Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/rccp/article/view/340329
Section
Conferencias magistrales