Rumen degradation kinetics of coffee hulls treated with calcium oxide under aerobic or anaerobic conditions

  • João P. S. Roseira Federal University of Viçosa
  • Rasmo Garcia Federal University of Viçosa
  • Tâmara C. da-Silveira Federal University of Viçosa
  • Cristina M. Veloso Federal University of Viçosa
  • Thiago C da-Silva Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia
  • Leandro D da-Silva Universidade Federal de Viçosa
  • Everton T. Ribeiro Federal University of Viçosa
Keywords: alternative feedstuff, calcium oxide, coffee hulls, coffee byproducts, feed ingredient, fiber, fiber degradation, in situ degradability, nutrient degradability, ruminant

Abstract

Background: Coffee hulls obtained from dry processing, have the potential to be used in ruminant diets. Objective: To evaluate the chemical composition and in situ degradability of dry matter (DM) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) of coffee hulls treated with calcium oxide (CaO) in different environmental conditions (EC). Methods: Coffee hulls were subjected to treatments distributed in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement, consisting of two levels of CaO (0 and 5%, on a DM basis) and two environmental conditions (aerobiosis and anaerobiosis) in a completely randomized design with four replicates, totaling sixteen experimental units. Five-gram samples were incubated in the rumen of two male cattle for 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, and 120 h. Results: Regarding dry matter degradation kinetic parameters, except for fraction b, the potential and effective degradability was affected (p<0.05) by a CaO × EC interaction. As for estimated fiber degradation parameters, the potentially degradable fraction b was affected (p<0.05) by CaO and EC. Treatment with CaO increased fraction b in 4.08 percentage points. Conclusions: The use of CaO in the treatment of coffee hulls increases the effective and potential degradability of DM and reduces the undegradable fiber fraction. Anaerobic condition is the best environment for the treatment of coffee hulls with CaO.

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Author Biographies

João P. S. Roseira, Federal University of Viçosa

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2321-6264
Department of Zootechnics, Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa-MG, Brazil.

Rasmo Garcia, Federal University of Viçosa

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4200-5059
Department of Zootechnics, Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa-MG, Brazil.

Tâmara C. da-Silveira, Federal University of Viçosa

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7810-8642
Department of Zootechnics, Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa-MG, Brazil.

Cristina M. Veloso, Federal University of Viçosa

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5811-8819
Department of Zootechnics, Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa-MG, Brazil.

Thiago C da-Silva, Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7823-3950
Departamento de Zootecnia, Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia, UFRA, Belém-PA, Brasil

Leandro D da-Silva, Universidade Federal de Viçosa

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7328-5807
Departamento de Zootecnia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, UFV, Viçosa-MG, Brasi

Everton T. Ribeiro, Federal University of Viçosa

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9807-3106
Department of Zootechnics, Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa-MG, Brazil.

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Published
2020-06-17
Section
Original research articles