Péptidos antimicrobianos de plantas como mecanismos de defensa

Autores/as

  • Lina Rivillas-Acevedo Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Manuel Soriano-García Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.acbi.329395

Palabras clave:

péptidos antimicrobianos, antifúngico, antibacterial, planta, defensinas, tioninas, hongos, inmunidad innata, AMP

Resumen

En el curso de las pasadas décadas numerosos péptidos que ocasionan lisis de membranas se han aislado de insectos, anfibios, hongos, bacterias, mamíferos y plantas. El principal grupo de péptidos antimicrobianos encontrado en plantas lo constituyen las tioninas, defensinas y proteínas de transferencia de lipidos. Estos péptidos se encuentran en la mayoría, sino en todas las especies de plantas y hasta donde se conoce contienen un número par de cisteinas (4, 6 u 8), las cuales están formando puentes disulfuro, lo que le provee alta estabilidad. Por esta razón los péptidos antimicrobianos son excelentes candidatos para diseñar plantas resistentes a enfermedades. Esta revisión presenta algunos ejemplos de estas moléculas y discute sus propiedades estructurales y mecanismos de acción.

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Publicado

2017-10-26

Cómo citar

Rivillas-Acevedo, L., & Soriano-García, M. (2017). Péptidos antimicrobianos de plantas como mecanismos de defensa. Actualidades Biológicas, 28(85), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.acbi.329395

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