Theories on the evolution of Rhodnius

Autores/as

  • Christopher J. Schofield London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
  • Jean-Pierre Dujardin London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Palabras clave:

Chagas disease, Rhodnius, Psammolestes, evolution, population genetics

Resumen


Current methods of Chagas disease control rely mainly on elimination of the domestic vector populations. Domestication of these insects has clearly been a recent event in evolutionary terms, associated with a series of genetic and phenetic changes, and this paper reviews current knowledge about the sequence of events leading to the domestication of species of Rhodnius that are important vectors of Chagas disease in the Andean pact and Central American countries. Available evidence suggests that species of Rhodnius have radiated from an ancestral source in the Amazon region, giving three main adaptive lines: southwards into the cerrados of Brazil, northwards into the llanos of Venezuela, and northwestwards through the Andean Cordillera into the Magdalena valley of Colombia. There has also been specialisation within the Amazon forest itself. The form of radiative adaptation is predicted from morphological and biogeographic characters, and subsequently supported by a series of morphometric and genetic markers including mtDNA sequence analysis.
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Publicado

2017-11-22

Cómo citar

Schofield, C. J., & Dujardin, J.-P. (2017). Theories on the evolution of <i>Rhodnius</i>. Actualidades Biológicas, 21(71), 183–197. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/actbio/article/view/329778

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