PREVALENCE OF NURSING DIAGNOSIS IN PEOPLE WITH ONCOLOGY TREATMENT
Objective: To determine the nursing diagnoses in adults with cancer treated in the Oncology Unity of the Teaching Hospital of Bucaramanga, since January to July of 2006. Methodology: cross sectional study. Ninety adults with cancer were tested. A format test for screening of nursing diagnoses was used. This format contained defining characteristics for nursing diagnoses proposal for NANDA. Then, specific tests were applied for to confirm the nursing diagnoses. A person was considered with nursing diagnosis when at least 2 defining characteristics were present or one risk characteristic for risk diagnoses. The dates were filled and we calculated prevalence of nursing diagnoses with their confidential intervals of 95%. Results: one hundred and forty two nursing diagnosis were identified. There were high prevalences of Risk for injury 94% (IC95% 88-98), knowledge deficit 92% (IC95% 85-97), risk for infection 91% (IC95% 84-96), sexuality patterns altered 84% (IC95% 77-92), disposition for improve therapeutics regimen 84% (IC95% 76-91), health seeking behaviors, disposition for improved communication and amusement activity deficit, each one with 78% (IC95% 68-85). Conclusions: oncology nurse account with nursing process: important tool to standardize care and improve quality for attention oncology patients. Nurses must test their patients to determine nursing diagnoses, realized care account diagnoses and tested results. The high prevalence link with risk deficit and disposal to improve. The nursing interventions helpful to decrease risk, to supply deficit and make good use of disposition of patient for improve their quality of life, with participation of nurse.
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