SOCIAL NETWORK AND SOCIAL SUPPORT PERCEIVED IN PATIENTS IN CHRONIC HEMODIALYSIS

  • Cecilia Arechabala Mantuliz Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
  • María Isabel Catoni Salamanca Universidad de los Andes. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
  • Eugenia Palma Castro Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
  • Fernanda Moyano Danus Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
  • Silvia Barrios Araya Universidad de Chile. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.

Abstract

This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study focused on identifying perceptions of chilean chronic hemodialysis patients in social support and the characteristics of social networks. An instrument developed by the authors was administered to 84 chronic hemodyalisis patients who had a median age of 62 years. 52% were women, 72,2% were retired and owned their own homes, and 59.5% had been receiving dialysis for two or more years. The majority (97.5%) lived with someone else, and of these 83.5% lived with relatives. Only 27.8% had paying jobs, and 59.5% declared that they had friends. Regarding how they perceived social support, 92.4% indicated that they could always count on their family support for any kind of problem. Of the patients who indicated that they had friends, only 55.7% perceived that they could count on their support, mainly in the form of emotional support. Although 48% indicated that they knew about institutions to aid renal patients, less than half indicated that they had requested aid from these institutions, mainly in the form of economic assistance. Most of them (73%) did not perceive that their disease was a burden for their relatives and 90% indicated that they always felt important for their family. The .ndings indicate that most of the study participants lived with relatives and feel accepted and understood by their family members. On the other hand, they did not perceive friendship nor institutions that aid renal patients as important sources of support.

 

 

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Author Biographies

Cecilia Arechabala Mantuliz, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Profesora adjunta. Magíster en Psicología Social Comunitaria. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Vicuña Mackena 4860 Santiago. Chile. Correo electrónico: marechab@puc.cl
María Isabel Catoni Salamanca, Universidad de los Andes. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Profesora adjunta. Candidata a Magíster en Filosofía. Universidad de los Andes. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Correo electrónico: mcatoni@puc.cl.
Eugenia Palma Castro, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Profesora adjunta. Especialista en Enfermería Nefrourológica. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Correo electrónico: epalma@med.puc.cl
Fernanda Moyano Danus, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Enfermera matrona. Licenciada en Enfermería. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.
Silvia Barrios Araya, Universidad de Chile. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.
Profesora auxiliar asociada. Magíster en Salud Pública, Universidad de Chile. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Correo electrónico: sbarrios@puc.cl.
Published
2008-04-11
How to Cite
Arechabala Mantuliz, C., Catoni Salamanca, M. I., Palma Castro, E., Moyano Danus, F., & Barrios Araya, S. (2008). SOCIAL NETWORK AND SOCIAL SUPPORT PERCEIVED IN PATIENTS IN CHRONIC HEMODIALYSIS. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 23(2). Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iee/article/view/2941
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS