Gender subordination in the vulnerability of women to domestic violence

Authors

  • Laura Christina Macedo Piosiadlo Nurse, Ph.D. Professor, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil. email: lcmapiosiadlo@usp.br
  • Rosa Maria Godoy Serpa da FonsecaGodoy Serpa da Fonseca Nurse, Ph.D. Full Professor, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. email: rmgsfon@usp.br

Keywords:

Violence against women, vulnerability analisys, public health, gender identity, validation studies.

Abstract


Objetive. To create and validate an instrument that identifies women’s vulnerability to domestic violence through gender subordination indicators in the family.

Methods. An instrument consisting on 61 phrases was created, that indicates gender subordination in the family. After the assessment from ten judges, 34 phrases were validated. The approved version was administered to 321 health service users of São José dos Pinhais (Estado de Paraná, Brasil), along with the validated Portuguese version of the Abuse Assessment Screen (AAS) (for purposes of separating the sample
group - the “YES” group was composed of women who have suffered violence and the “NO” group consisted of women who had not suffered violence). Data were transferred into the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software, version 22, and quantitatively analyzed using exploratory and factor analysis, and tests for internal consistency.

Results. After analysis (Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) statistics, Monte Carlo Principal Components Analysis (PCA, and diagram segmentation), two factors were identified: F1 - consisting of phrases related to home maintenance and family structure; F2 - phrases intrinsic to the couple’s
relationship. For the statements that reinforce gender subordination, the mean of the factors were higher for the group that answered YES to one of the violence identifying issues.

Conclusions. The created instrument  was able to identify women who were vulnerable to domestic violence using gender subordination indicators. This could be an important tool for nurses and other professionals in multidisciplinary teams, in order to organize and plan actions to prevent violence against women.

 

How to cite this article: Piosiadlo LCM, Fonseca RMGS. Gender subordination in the vulnerability of women to domestic violence. Invest. Educ. Enferm. 2016; 34(2):

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References

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Published

2016-06-23

How to Cite

Macedo Piosiadlo, L. C., & Godoy Serpa da FonsecaGodoy Serpa da Fonseca, R. M. (2016). Gender subordination in the vulnerability of women to domestic violence. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 34(2). Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iee/article/view/323259

Issue

Section

ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS

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