Challenges of cooperation between the pre-hospital and in-hospital emergency services in the handover of victims of road traffic accidents: A qualitative study


  • Hasan Jamshidi Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Reza Khani Jazani Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. email: Corresponding author.
  • Ahmad Alibabaei Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. email:
  • Shahram Alamdari Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. email:
  • Majid Najafi Kalyani Nurse, Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. email:



Ambulances, accidents, traffic, patient handoff, personnel, hospital, health resources, emergency service, hospital resources, qualitative research.


Objective. To take a deep look at the challenges of cooperation between the pre-hospital and in-hospital emergency services in the handover of victims of road traffic accidents.

Methods. This is a qualitative study and the method used is of content analysis type. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect the data. Through purposive sampling, fifteen employees from ambulance personnel and hospital emergency staff were selected and interviewed. They expressed their experiences of cooperation between these two teams in the handover of traffic accident casualties. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and content analysis method was used to explain and interpret the content of the interviews.

Results. Three major categories were derived from the analysis of interviews: Shortage of infrastructure resources (Shortage of equipment, Shortage of physical space, and Shortage of manpower); Inefficient and unscientific management (Shaky accountability, Out-of-date information based activities, Poor motivation, and Manpower low productivity); and Non-common language (Difference in understanding and empathy, and Difference in training and experience).

Conclusion. The obtained results of this study suggest that the careful planning of resources, the promotion of managerial practices as well as empowerment program of the staff, healthcare managers and policymakers can take a pace forward in order to enter into a hearty coordination between these two services for the attention of victims of road traffic accidents.


How to cite this article: Tehranineshat B, Rakhshan M. Jamshidi H, Jazani RK, Alibabaei A, Alamdari S, Kalyani MN. Challenges of Cooperation between the Pre-hospital and In-hospital Emergency services in the handover of victims of road traffic accidents:  A Qualitative Study. Invest. Educ. Enferm. 2019; 37(1):e08.

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How to Cite

Jamshidi, H., Jazani, R. K., Alibabaei, A., Alamdari, S., & Kalyani, M. N. (2019). Challenges of cooperation between the pre-hospital and in-hospital emergency services in the handover of victims of road traffic accidents: A qualitative study. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 37(1).




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