Psychometric Properties of the Functional Social Support Domain of Perinatal Infant Care Social Support

  • Carolina Vargas-Porras Nurse, Masters, Ph.D Candidate, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Departament d’Infermeria, Tarragona, Spain. Full Professor, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia. Email: carvarpo@uis.edu.co
  • Zayne Milena Roa-Díaz Nurse, Masters, Ph.D student. University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland. Email: zaynemilena6@gmail.com
  • Carme Ferré-Grau Nurse, Psychologist, Ph.D. Full Professor, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain. Email: carme.ferre@urv.cat
  • María Inmaculada De Molina-Fernández Nurse, Matron, Masters, Ph.D. Professor, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain. Email: inmaculada.demolina@urv.cat
Keywords: validation studies, psychometrics, reproducibility of the results, translating, mothers, social support

Abstract

Objective. To determine the face, content, construct
validity, and reliability of the functional social support
domain of Perinatal Infant Care Social Support (PICSS)
translated into Spanish and adapted for first-time mothers
of term babies.

Methods. Validation study of the functional
social support domain of PICSS, which has 22 items
with response options from 1 to 4; higher scores indicate
greater social support. A translation, back-translation, and
cultural adaptation process took place along with an expert
review to evaluate face and content validity. In total, 210
mothers participated to establish construct validity and
the reliability of the domain. The content validity index and
factor analysis were used to identify the structure of the
domain. Reliability was estimated using Cronbach’s alpha
coefficient.

Results. Linguistic and cultural adaptations
were performed, along with validation and reliability. Face validity for mothers was the following: high comprehension (94%); and for
experts: high comprehension (95.83%), high clarity (96.53%), and high precision
(92.82%). In relevance and pertinence, the content validity index was high (0.97).
Construct validation identified two factors that explained 76% of the variance of the
domain evaluated: factor 1 “Supporting presence -emotional and appraisal support”
(13 items, 39%) and factor 2 “Practical support -informational and instrumental
support-” (9 items, 37%). Cronbach’s alpha value was 0.97.

Conclusion. Given the robust psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the functional social
support domain of PICSS, this may be used to identify the functional social support
in the mothers. 

|Abstract
= 67 veces | PDF
= 57 veces|

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Mercer RT. Nursing support of the process of becoming a mother. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Neonatal Nurs. 2006;
35(5):649-51.
2. Demarchi RF, Nascimento VFd, Borges AP, Terças ACP, Grein TAD, Baggio É. Perception of pregnant women and
primiparous puerperans on maternity. J. Nurs. UFPE On line. 2017; 11(7): 2663-73.
3. Carvalho JMN, Gaspar MFRF, Cardoso AMR. Challenges of motherhood in the voice of primiparous mothers: initial
difficulties. Invest. Educ. Enferm. 2017; 35(3): 285-294
4. Shorey S, Chan SW, Chong YS, He HG. Perceptions of primiparas on a postnatal psychoeducation programme: the
process evaluation. Midwifery. 2015; 31(1):155-63.
5. Aston M, Price S, Monaghan J, Sim M, Hunter A, Little V. Navigating and negotiating information and support:
Experiences of first-time mothers. J. Clin. Nurs. 2018; 27(3-4):640-9
6. Lucchini-Raies C, Márquez-Doren F, Garay Unjidos N, Contreras J, Jara D, Calabacero C, et al., Care during
Breastfeeding: Perceptions of Mothers and Health Professionals. Invest. Educ. Enferm. 2019; 37(2):e09.
7. Leahy-Warren P. Social support for first-time mothers: an Irish study. MCN Am. J. Matern. Child. Nurs. 2007;
32(6):368-74.
8. Zandi M, Vanaki Z, Shiva M, Mohammadi E. Process of becoming a mother for Iranian surrogacy-commissioning
mothers: A grounded theory study. Jpn. J. Nurs. Sci. 2018 ;15(1):3-16.
9. Maehara K, Mori E, Tsuchiya M, Iwata H, Sakajo A, Ozawa H, et al. Factors affecting maternal confidence among
older and younger Japanese primiparae at one month post-partum. Jpn. J. Nurs. Sci. 2016; 13(4):424-36.
10. Leahy-Warren P, McCarthy G, Corcoran P. First-time mothers: social support, maternal parental self-efficacy and
postnatal depression. J. Clin. Nurs. 2012; 21(3-4):388-97.
11. Leahy-Warren P, Mulcahy H, Lehane E. The development and psychometric testing of the Perinatal Infant Care
Social Support (PICSS) instrument. J. Psychosom. Res. 2019; 126:109813.
12. Muñiz J, Hernández A, Ponsoda V. Nuevas directrices sobre el uso de los tests: investigación, control de calidad y
seguridad. Papeles del Psicólogo. 2015; 36(3):161-73.
13. Fehring R. The Fehring model. Classification of nursing diagnoses: proceedings of the tenth conference of North
American Nursing Diagnosis Association Philadelphia: Lippincott; 1994. P.55-62.
14. Hernández Sampieri R, Fernández Collado C, Baptista Lucio MdP. Metodología de la investigación. (6th Ed).
McGraw-Hill; 2014.
15. Polit D, Beck T, Owen S. Focus on research methods is the CVI an acceptable indicator of content validity. Res.
Nurs. Health. 2007; 30: 459-67.
16. Polit DF, Beck CT. Nursing research : principles and methods. 7th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins;
2004.
17. Gjestland T, Gelderblom FB, Fidell S. Sample size implications for calculations of community tolerance level values
from social surveys of noise-induced annoyance. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 2019; 146(2):1212.
18. Raykov T, Marcoulides GA. An introduction to applied multivariate analysis. New York: Routledge; 2008.
19. Burns N, Grove SK, Gray J. Investigación en enfermería. Quinta edición: Elsevier España; 2012.
Published
2020-07-10
How to Cite
Vargas-Porras, C., Roa-Díaz, Z. M., Ferré-Grau, C., & De Molina-Fernández, M. I. (2020). Psychometric Properties of the Functional Social Support Domain of Perinatal Infant Care Social Support. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 38(2). https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iee.v38n2e04
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS