Risk factors for complications in large for gestational age newborns.

  • Irka Ballesté Médica Neonatóloga, Máster en Enfermedades Infecciosas. Profesora de Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Dr. Miguel Enríquez”, Cuba. email: iballeste@infomed.sld.cu.
  • Aracelia Ramona Álvarez Vega Enfermera Especialista en Neonatología y Máster en Atención Integral al Niño. Hospital Docente Gineco-obstétrico de Guanabacoa, Cuba.
  • Rosa María Alonso Uría Médica pediatra y neonatóloga, Máster en Atención Integral al Niño. Profesora de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Dr. Miguel Enríquez”, Cuba. email: rosemari@infomed.sld.cu.
  • Ana Campo González Médica Neonatóloga, Máster en Atención Integral al Niño. Profesora de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Dr. Miguel Enríquez”, Cuba. email: ana.campo@infomed.sld.cu.
  • Rosa Díaz Aguilar Enfermera Máster en Atención Integral al Niño. Profesora de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Dr. Miguel Enríquez”, Cuba. email: rosidiaza@infomed.sld.cu.
  • Rafael Amador Morán Médico Neonatólogo, Máster en Atención Integral al Niño. Profesor de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Dr. Miguel Enríquez”, Cuba. email: albert@infomed.sld.cu.
Keywords: Risk factors; infant, newborn; gestational age; pregnancy complications; obstetric labor complications.

Abstract

Objective. To explore the relationship between risk factors originated from the mother, labor and the newborn, with the risk of complications in the newborn large for gestational age.

Methodology. Analytical study of 170 cases of newborns large for gestational age (LGA), and 260 controls with appropriate weight for gestational age (AGA). Strength of association was estimated through the OR with its respective confidence intervals of 95%. Statistical significance was assumed when the probability value of the studied relationship was under 0.05.

Results 40.0% of the cases versus 13.1% of controls had any kind of complication. for an OR of 4.4 (CI95%: 2.7-7.1), prevailing congenital malformations, hypoglycemia and respiratory complications. Statistical significant correlation of the studied condition (LGA) with male sex was found.

Conclusion. Regarding children AGA, newborns LGA had a higher probability of complications, especially congenital malformations, respiratory and metabolic complication.

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Published
2012-04-10
How to Cite
Ballesté, I., Álvarez Vega, A. R., Alonso Uría, R. M., Campo González, A., Díaz Aguilar, R., & Amador Morán, R. (2012). Risk factors for complications in large for gestational age newborns. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 30(1). Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iee/article/view/8687
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS