Las skutteruditas como materiales termoeléctricos

Autores/as

  • Asdrúbal Valencia Giraldo Universidad de Antioquia

Palabras clave:

termoelectricidad, materiales termoeléctricos, skutteruditas

Resumen

De acuerdo con los estudios sobre el consumo energético mundial, la presente demanda energética en el mundo será el doble hacia el año 2050 y donde aproximadamente para el año 2017, se calcula un valor de 16 TW. En los tiempos que corren casi el 80% de la energía viene de combustibles fósiles, de los cuales el petróleo representa el 35%, pero sus reservas se van agotando, las nuevas fuentes no son fácilmente accesibles y su extracción es costosa; además, la quema de esos combustibles es un serio problema ambiental. Es decir que a la larga, la situación será insostenible. Para enfrentar esto se tienen diferentes posibilidades como la fusión y la fisión nucleares, la energía solar, la del viento, la del hidrógeno, etc., todo lo cual requiere todavía décadas de investigación y desarrollo, con el fin de lograr una combinación de tecnologías que puedan lograr un verdadero impacto. Entre ellas, está la termoelectricidad, que puede contribuir de manera significativa a la solución de este gran problema.

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Biografía del autor/a

Asdrúbal Valencia Giraldo, Universidad de Antioquia

Profesor Emérito, Universidad de Antioquia.

Citas

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Publicado

2017-06-05

Cómo citar

Valencia Giraldo, A. (2017). Las skutteruditas como materiales termoeléctricos. Revista Colombiana De Materiales, (10), 56–76. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/materiales/article/view/328004

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