Condición corporal, perfil de lipoproteínas y actividad ovárica en vacas Holstein en lactancia temprana

Authors

  • Rubén D. Galvis
  • Diego Agudelo
  • Andrés Saffon

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.324108

Keywords:

energy balance, lipid profile, ovulation, tissue-reserve mobilization

Abstract

Resumen

Con el objetivo de conocer el efecto de la condición corporal, al momento del parto, sobre el balance de energía, la pérdida de peso, el perfil de lipoproteínas y la actividad ovárica en el posparto temprano, se evaluó un grupo de 10 vacas de la raza Holstein del Hato Paysandú de la Universidad Nacional, sede Medellín, en el día del parto y a los días 10, 20, 30, 40 y 50 días posparto para determinar el peso, la condición corporal, la producción de leche y los valores plasmáticos de colesterol total, lipoproteína de muy baja densidad (VLDL), lipoproteína de baja densidad (LDL) y lipoproteína de alta densidad (HDL). Adicionalmente, los animales fueron sometidos a ecografía ovárica para determinar el número y el tamaño de los folículos presentes en cada muestreo, así como la presencia de cuerpo lúteo. Con una frecuencia mensual se analizaron químicamente los componentes de la dieta para establecer los aportes de nutrientes. Sólo se presentaron diferencias significativas para el cambio de peso en el intervalo entre el parto y el día 10 posparto, con respecto a los demás intervalos, siendo este el periodo con las mayores pérdidas de peso. El balance de energía osciló entre 3 y 18% de los requerimientos al momento del parto y de -22 a -9% de los requerimientos para los demás períodos de muestreo. En cuanto al perfil lipídico las variables que presentaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas fueron: colesterol, LDL y HDL; los valores aumentaron conforme aumentaban los días en lactancia. Por el contrario, para triglicéridos y VLDL los valores aumentaron hasta los cuarenta días y disminuyeron al día 50 posparto. No se encontraron diferencias significativas entre las poblaciones de folículos en función de los períodos de muestreo. Sólo seis vacas presentaron ovulación durante el periodo observado. Las vacas que ovularon tenían unas condiciones más favorables a la utilización de reservas corporales, denotadas en una mayor condición corporal al momento del parto y un mayor valor de HDL plasmático; si bien estas vacas presentaron mayor pérdida de peso, mostraron el nadir del BEN más temprano y las concentraciones más altas de colesterol plasmático, indicando un balance energético más favorable, lo que, efectivamente, se tradujo en menos días a la primera ovulación y en una mayor producción de leche.

Summary

A group of 10 Holstein cows from Paysandú herd (Universidad Nacional de Colombia, sede Medellín), were evaluated at the expected calving day and over 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 postpartum days, to determine body weight, BCS, milk yield and blood serum values of total cholesterol and lipoproteins (VLDL, LDL and HDL) in order to analyze the effect of Body Condition Score (BCS) at parturition on energy balance, weight loss, lipoprotein profiles and the ovarian activity in early postpartum. Additionally, an ovarian ultrasonogram was performed to determinate follicle number and size, as well as the presence of corpora lutea. The composition of the diet was chemically analyzed monthly. There were significant differences in body weight only at the interval between calving and 10 days postpartum; this was the period when the greatest weight loss was registered. The energy balance (expressed as percentage of requirements) ranged between 3 to 18% at parturition and from -22 to -9% for the rest of the sampling times. Regarding lipid profiles, cholesterol, LDL and HDL showed statistically significant differences; these values increased proportionally to time after parturition. Triglycerides and VLDL, on the other hand, increased until 40 days and decrease at 50 days postpartum. There were no significant difference for the number of follicles throughout the experimental period, and only six cows ovulated. The group of cows that ovulated was able to maintain positive conditions for the use of body reserves, expressed in a greater BCS at parturition time, and a higher blood-serum HDL concentrations; however, these cows presented the major weight loss, the earliest nadir of energy balance and the higher blood-serum cholesterol concentrations. This would result in a better energy balance that effectively expressed itself a shorter time from parturition to ovulation and more milk production.

|Abstract
= 69 veces | PDF
= 40 veces|

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Basoglu A, Sevinc M, Gokcen M. Peri and postparturient concentrations of lipid lipoprotein insulin and glucose in normal dairy cows. Turk Vet ve Hay Derg 1998; 22:141-144.

Bauchart D. Lipid absorption and transport in Rumiants. J Dairy Sci 1993; 76:3864-3881.

Beam SW and Butler WR. Energy balance, metabolic hormones, and early postpartum follicular development in dairy cows fed prilled lipid. J Dairy Sci 1998 ; 81:121-131.

Bobowiec R, Filar J, Marczuk J, Kosior U. Periparturient changes in plasma lipoprotein composition in dairy cows. Med Wet 1997; 53:734-738.

Bronicki M, Dembinski Z, Bronicka A. Effect of lipid metabolism disorders on the blood progesterone level in cows in the perinatal period. Zes Nau Akad Roln w Szc, Zoot 1996; 33:7-13.

Butler WR and Smith RD. Interrelationships between energy balance and postpartum reproductive function in dairy cattle. J Dairy Sci 1989; 72:767-783.

Canfield RW and Butler WR. Energy balance and pulsate LH secretion in early postpartum dairy cattle. Domest Anim Endocrinol 1990; 7:323-330.

De Luca L. Fisiopatología del hígado de las vacas de alta producción. 2003; [Fecha de acceso: septiembre 20 de 2004].URL:http://www.engormix.com/nuevo/prueba/areadeganaderialeche1.asp?valor=283.

Dominguez M. Effects of body condition, reproductivestatus and breed on follicular population and oocyte quality in cows. Theriogenology 1995; 43:1405-1418.

Gallego MI. Manejo del problema reproductivo en ganado de leche. Medellín: ANALAC, ICA; 1988.

Galvis R, Correa H. Interacciones entre el metabolismo y la reproducción en la vaca lechera. ¿es la actividad gluconeogénica el eslabón perdido? Rev Col Cienc Pec 2002; 15:36-50.

Galvis R, Correa H, Ramírez F. Interacciones entre el balance nutricional, los indicadores del metabolismo energético y proteico y las concentraciones plasmáticas de Insulina, e IGF-1 en vacas en lactancia temprana. Rev Col Cienc Pec 2003; 16:237–248.

Gaviria G, Gutiérrez N, Molina E, Ruiz I, Tamayo C. Estudio de la infertilidad bovina en zonas lecheras de Antioquia. Medellín: Secretaría de Agricultura, Universidad de Antioquia, ICA, Colanta; 1999. 100p.

Gerloff BJ. Dry cow management for the prevention of ketosis and fatty liver in dairy cows. Vet Clin North AmVet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2000; 16:283-292. 2000; 16:283-292. 16:283-292.

Guedón L, Saumande J, Dupron F, Couquet C, Desbals B Serum cholesterol and triglycerides in postpartum beef cow and the relationship to the resumption of ovulation. Theriogenology 1999; 51:1405-1415

Heinrichs J and Lammers B. Monitoring dairy heifer growth. Pennsylvania State University 2001; [Fecha de acceso: agosto 15 de 2002] URL:URL: http://www.das.psu.edu/dcn/calfmgt/growth/docs/measure.html .

Holdridge LR. Ecología basada en zonas de vida. San José de Costa Rica: Instituto interamericano de cooperación para la agricultura; 1996.

Kampl B, Zdelar F, Pracny G, Martincic T. Relationship between concentrations of fat in milk, and very low density lipoproteins cholesterol fraction in blood and incidence of productive diseases in dairy cows. Vet-Arhiv. 1995; 65:149-154; Abs. In: Beast CD, 1987 - may 1999.

Kaneko JJ. Clinical biochemistry of domestic animal. 4th ed. San Diego: Academic Press; 1989.

Kumar H, Nakao T, Higaki T, Suzuki T, Akita M. Resumption of postpartum ovarian cyclicity in high-producing Holstein cows. Theriogenology 2004;2004;61:637-649.

Lucy MC, Staples CR, Michel FM, Thatcher WW. Energy balance and size and number of ovarian follicles detected by ultrasonography in early postpartum dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 1991; 74: 473-482.

Lucy MC, Savio JD, Badinga L, De La Sota RL, Thatchers WW. Factors that affect ovarian follicular dynamics in cattle. J Animal Sci 1992; 70:3615-3626.

Mertens DR. �sin g neutral detergent fiber to formulate neutral detergent fiber to formulate dairy rations and estimate the net energy content of forages, Animal and Dairy Science dept, Athens: Proc. Cornell Nutr; 1983.

Miettinen A. Prevention of bovine ketosis with glycogenic substance and its effect on fertility in Finnish dairy cows. Berl Munch Tier Woch. 1995; 108:14-19.

National Research Council. The nutrient requirement of dairy cattle. 7th revised edition. Washington: National Academy Press, 2001.

National Research Council. The nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. 6th edition. Washington: National Academy of Sciences, 1989.

Nebel R L, McGilliard ML. Interactions of high milk yield and reproductive performance in dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 1993; 76:3257-3268.

Perry R, Coran L, Cochra R, Beal W, Stevenson J, et al. Influence of dietary energy on follicular development serum gonadotrophins and first postpartum ovulation in suckled beef cows. J Anim Sci 1991; 69: 3762-3773.

Pierson R, Kastelic J And Ginther O. Basic principles and techniques for transrectal ultrasonography in cattle and horses. Theriogenology 1988; 29:3-18.

Prado R, Rhind S, Wright L, Russel A, Mcmillen S, et al. Ovarian follicle populations, steroidgenicity and micromorphology on 5 and 9 weeks postpartum in beef cows in two levels of body conditions. Animal Prod 1990; 54:103-108.

Puppione DL. Implications of unique features of blood lipid transport in the lactating cow. J Dairy Sci 1978; 61: 651-659.

Raphael BC, Dimick PS, and Puppione DL. Lipid characterization of bovine serum lipoproteins throughout gestation and lactation. J Dairy Sci 1973; 56:1025-1032.

SAS �ser �s Guide: Statistics, version 7. 1988. SASSAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.

Sevinç M, Basoglu A, Öztok I, Sandikçi M, Birdane F. The clinical-chemical parameters, serum lipoproteins and fatty infiltration of the liver in ketotic cows. Turk J Vet An Sci 1998; 22:443-447.

Sommer H. The role of the metabolic profile test in the control of cattle feeding, Magyar Állatorvosok Lapja. Memorias del Segundo Seminario Internacional en reproduccion y metabolismo de la vaca lechera; Manizales: Universidad de Caldas; 1999. 714 – 717 p.

Stalling C. Transition Cow Nutrition. In: Poceedings Virginia Tech. Feed and nutritional management cow College; 1999. [Consultada en Julio 8 de 2001] �RL: http://www.dasc.vt. edu/nutritioncc/ ccs99.pdf.

Theera R, Wensing T, Geelen M. Effect of fatty liver onEffect of fatty liver on hepatic gluconeogenesis in periparturient dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 1999; 82: 500-505.

Van den Top AM, Geelen MJ, Wensing TH, Wentink GH, Vant Klooster et al. Higher postpartum hepatic triacylglycerol concentration en dairy cows with free rather than restricted access to feed during dry period are associated with lower activities of hepatic glycerolphosphate acyl transferase. J Nut. 1996; 126:76-85.

Van Soest PJ, Robertson JB. Analysis of forrage and fibrous foods. A laboratory manual for animal science. Ithaca: Cornell �niversity; 1985. 503p.

West JW, Mullinix BG, and Sandifer TG. Effects of bovine somatotropin on physiologic responses of lactating Holstein and Jersey cows during hot, humidweather. J Dairy Sci 1991 74:840-851.

Working Group on Lipoprotein Measurement. Recommendations on lipoprotein measurement. National cholesterol education program. Washington: National Institutes on Health. NIH publication N. 95-3044, 1995.

Downloads

Published

2016-07-22

How to Cite

Galvis, R. D., Agudelo, D., & Saffon, A. (2016). Condición corporal, perfil de lipoproteínas y actividad ovárica en vacas Holstein en lactancia temprana. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 20(1), 14. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.324108

Issue

Section

Original research articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Similar Articles

> >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.