Determining the norm values of table tennis in motor and technical tests in male students aged between 7-9 and analyzing differences Kosovo table tennis norm values for physical fitness and technical characteristics


  • Milaim Berisha Istanbul Gelisim University
  • Blerta Abazi Universidad AAB

Palabras clave:

Normative values, Table tennis, Technique, Motor skills, Reaction time, Talent identification


Objective: the study aimed to norm the physical and technical characteristics of table tennis in male students aged 7-8-9 years old. Besides this, the study also aimed to analyze the differences between motor and technical characteristics of male students between the ages of 7-8-9 living in Kosovo in table tennis. Methods: the study included 56 non-athlete boys aged 7, and 25 non-athlete boys aged 8, and 31 non-athlete boys aged 7. The Sprint (S), Vertical jump (VJ), Throwing ball (THB), Speed While Dribbling (SWD), Aiming At Target (AT), Ball Skills (BS), Eye Hand Coordination from 1 meter (EHC_1m), and Eye Hand Coordination from 2 meters (ECH_2m) were used as the measurement tools. Based on the skewness and kurtosis values, and sample groups (N), Kruskal-Wallis and One- Way ANOVA, Post-hoc (Tamhane’s T2) analyses were used to determine the differences between age groups in the motor and technical tests. Determination of the normative values was made by using the frequency and percentile values divided into 20 portions (percentiles). Results: based on the results of the data analyses of the study, there are significant differences in motor and technical abilities related to table tennis between 7-8-9 years old children. Conclusion: the norm values related to the table tennis branch for motor tests (sprint, vertical jump, ball throwing), technical tests (speed while dribbling, aiming to target, ball skills), and motoric (reactional) tests (eye-hand coordination from 1 meter and eye-hand coordination form 2 meters) were determined. The norm values were determined in 4 groups, for which separate data in 20% piece represented the percentiles for each test.

= 192 veces | PDF (ENGLISH)
= 108 veces| | HTML (ENGLISH)
= 27 veces|


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Biografía del autor/a

Milaim Berisha, Istanbul Gelisim University

Universidad Gelisim de Estambul, Escuela de Educación Física y Deporte.

Blerta Abazi, Universidad AAB

Universidad AAB, Educación Física y Deporte.


Abbott, A., Button, C., Pepping, G.J., & Collins, D. (2005). Unnatural selection: talent identification and development in sport. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, 9(1), 61-88.

Baker, J., Côté, J., & Deakin, J. (2005) Expertise in ultraendurance triathletes early sport involvement, training structure, and the theory of deliberate practice, Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 17(1), 64-78.

Berisha, M. (2018). Determination of norm values in evaluation of physical and bio-motoric developments in 11-17 years children in Kosovo (Doctoral thesis). Sakarya University, Turkey.

Berisha, M. (2021). Normative values for physical and psychomotor characteristics in children aged 4-7 in Turkey (Sakarya). Human. Sport. Medicine, 21(1), 94-101.

Berisha, M., & Çilli, M. (2018). Normative values for physical fitness in children aged 11-17 in Kosovo. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 22(1), 11-27.

Berisha, M., & Çilli, M. (2020). Physical fitness norms in student aged 8-17 in Kosovo. Latvia: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing.

Faber, I.R., Oosterveld, F., & Sanden, R.N. (2012). A first step to an evidence-based talent identification program in the Netherlands; a research proposal. International Journal of Table Tennis Sciences 7, 15-18.

Faber, I.R, Oosterveld, F., & Nijhuis-Van der Sanden, M.W. (2014). Does an eye-hand coordination test have added value as part of talent identification in table tennis? A validity and reproducibility study, PLOS ONE, 9(1), e85657.

Faber, I.R., Elferink, M.T., Faber, N.R., Oosterveld, F.G., & Nijhuis-Van der Sanden, M.W. (2016). Can perceptuo-motor skills assessment outcomes in young table tennis players (7–11 years) predict future competition participation and performance? An observational prospective study. PLOS ONE, 11(2), e0149037.

Faber, I.R., Pion, J., Munivrana, G., Faber, N.R., & Nijhuis-Van der Sanden, M.W. (2017): Does a perceptuomotor skills assessment have added value to detect talent for table tennis in primary school children?. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(23), 2716-2723.

Muratlı, S., Sahin, G., & Kalyoncu, O. (2005). Training and competition. Istanbul: Yaylım Publishing.

Tomkinson, G.R., Carver, K.D., Atkinson, F., Daniell, N.D., Lewis, L.K., Fitzgerald, J.S., Lang, J.J., & Ortega, F.B. (2018). European normative values for physical fitness in children and adolescents aged 9-17 years: results from 2 779 165 Eurofit performances representing 30 countries. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52(22), 1445-14563.

Vaeyens, R., Lenoir, M., Williams, A.M., & Philippaerts, R.M. (2008). Talent identification and development programmes in sport. Current models and future directions. Sports Medicine, 38, 703-714.

Vandorpe, B., Vandendriessche, J.B., Vaeyens, R., Pion, J., Lefevre, J., Philippaerts, R.M., & Lenoir, M. (2012). The value of a non-sport-specific motor test battery in predicting performance in young female gymnasts. Journal Sports Science, 30, 497-505.

Wall, M., & Côté, J. (2007) Developmental activities that lead to dropout and investment in sport, Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 12(1), 77-87.



Cómo citar

Berisha, M., & Abazi, B. (2021). Determining the norm values of table tennis in motor and technical tests in male students aged between 7-9 and analyzing differences Kosovo table tennis norm values for physical fitness and technical characteristics. VIREF Revista De Educación Física, 10(3), 125–135. Recuperado a partir de



Informe de investigación