Risk of eating behavior disorders in adolescents from Cartagena, Colombia

  • Zuleima Cogollo RN, Master. Professor Universidad de Cartagena, Colombia. email: zcogollom@unicartagena.edu.co.
  • Edna Margarita Gómez-Bustamante RN, Master. Professor Universidad de Cartagena, Colombia. email: egomezb@unicartagena.edu.co.
Keywords: Feeding behavior; eating disorders; adolescent; students.


Objective. To estimate the prevalence and explore the relationship of the risk of eating behavior disorders (REDB) with some factors in school-age adolescents from Cartagena, Colombia. 

Methodology. This was a cross-sectional study, which used probability sampling by conglomerates of high school students (sixth to eleventh grades) in 2012. The REDB was quantified with the SCOFF questionnaire (two or more points). The associations were fitted through a logistic regression model. 

Results. A total of 2625 students between 10 and 20 years of age (mean = 14 years) participated; 54% were women. A total of 32.5% scored for REDB. The risk factors associated were: problematic consumption of alcohol (OR=1.9; CI95%: 1.4-2.5), female sex (OR=1.6; CI95%: 1.4-1.9), non-heterosexual sexual orientation (OR=1.5; CI95%: 1.1-2.1), consumption of any illegal substance (OR=1.5; CI95%: 1.1-2.1), cigarette smoking at any moment in life (OR=1.5; CI95%: 1.2-1.8), depressive symptoms with clinical importance (OR=1.5; CI95%: 1.2-1.8), and family dysfunction (OR=1.2; CI95%: 1.1-1.5). 

Conclusion. An important proportion of school-age adolescents from Cartagena presented REDB, which was mainly related to problematic consumption of alcohol and the female sex.

= 258 veces | PDF (ENGLISH)
= 178 veces| HTML (ENGLISH)
= 192 veces| HTML(ESPAÑOL)
= 175 veces|


Download data is not yet available.


(1) Vander Wal JS, Gibbons JL, Grazioso MP. The sociocultural model of eating disorder development: Application to a Guatemalan sample. Eat Behav. 2008; 9: 277-84.

(2) Organización Mundial de la Salud. Clasificación Internacional de las Enfermedades (CIE). Trastornos mentales y del comportamiento. Criterios diagnósticos de investigación. 10 Edición. Madrid: Meditor; 1993.

(3) Rivas T, Bersabe R, Castro S. Prevalencia de los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria en adolescentes de Málaga (España). Salud Mental. 2001; 24: 25-31.

(4) Herpertz-Dahlmann B, Wille N, Hölling H, Vloet TD, Ravens-Sieberer U, BELLA study group. Disordered eating behaviour and attitudes, associates psychopathology and health-related quality of life: results of the BELLA study. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2008: 17: 82-91.

(5) Ángel LA, Martínez LM, Gómez MT. Prevalencia de trastornos del comportamiento alimentario (T.C.A.) en estudiantes de bachillerato. Rev Fac Med Univ Nac. 2008; 56: 193-210.

(6) Soh N, Surgenor LJ, Touyz S, Walter G. Eating disorders across two cultures: does the expression of psychological control vary? Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 41: 351-8.

(7) Perea JM, Espina A, Ortego A. La valoración enfermera en los Trastornos de la Conducta Alimentaria. Rev Presencia [Internet]. 2007 [cited 2013 Feb 22]; 3(5). Available from: http://www.index-f.com/presencia/n5/61articulo.php.

(8) Hernández-Ávila M, Garrido F, Salazar-Martínez E. Sesgos en estudios epidemiológicos. Salud Pública Mex. 2000; 42: 438-46.

(9) Campo-Arias A, Oviedo HC, Cogollo Z. Internal consistency of a five-item form of the Francis scale of attitude toward Christianity among adolescent students. J Soc Psychol. 2009; 149: 258-62.

(10) Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 2007. Center for Disease Control. Disponible en www.cdc.gov (fecha de acceso septiembre 17 de 2009).

(11) Ewing JA. Detecting alcoholism - The CAGE questionnaire. JAMA 1984; 252: 1905-7.

(12) World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. Well-being measures in primary health care: The DepCare Project. Consensus meeting, Stockholm; 1998.

(13) Smilkstein G. The family APGAR: a proposal or a family function test and its use by physician. J Fam Pract. 1978; 6: 1231-9.

(14) Morgan JF, Reid F, Lacey JH. The SCOFF questionnaire: assessment of a new screening tool for eating disorders. Br Med J. 1999; 319:1467-8.

(15) Rueda GE, Díaz LA, Ortiz DP, Pinzón C, Rodríguez J, Cadena LP. Validación del cuestionario SCOFF para el cribado de los trastornos del comportamiento alimentario en adolescentes escolarizados. Aten Primaria. 2005; 35:89-94.

(16) Unikel C, Saucedo-Molina T, Villatoro J, Fleiz C. Conductas alimentarias de riesgo y distribución del Índice de Masa Corporal en estudiantes de 13 a 18 años. Salud Mental. 2002; 25: 49-57.

(17) González-Juárez C, Pérez-Pérez E, Martín B, Mitja I, Roy I, Vásquez P. Detección de adolescentes en riesgo de presentar trastorno de la alimentación. Aten Primaria. 2007; 39: 189-94.

(18) Vega AT, Rasillo MA, Lozano JE, Rodríguez G, Franco M. Eating disorders. Prevalence and risk profile among secondary school students. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2005; 40:980-7.

(19) Martínez-Mantilla JA, Amaya-Naranjo W, Campillo HA, Díaz-Martínez LA, Campo-Arias A. Daily cigarette smoking among Colombian high school students: gender related psychosocial factors. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2008; 16:903-7.

(20) 20. Babio N, Canals J, Pietrobelli A, Pérez S, Arija V. A two-phase population study: relationship between overweight, body composition and risk of eating disorders. Nutr Hosp. 2009; 24: 485-91.

(21) Piñeros S, Molano J, López C. Factores de riesgo de los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria en jóvenes escolarizados en Cundinamarca (Colombia). Rev. Colomb. Psiquiatr. 2010; 39:313-28.

(22) González-Quiñones JC, de la Hoz-Restrepo F. Relaciones entre comportamientos de riesgo psicosociales y la familia en adolescentes de Suba, Bogotá. Rev Salud Pública. 2011; 13:67-78.

(23) Dunn EC, Neighbors C, Fossos N, Larimer ME. A cross-lagged evaluation of eating disorder symptomatology and substance-use problems. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2009; 70:106-16.

(24) Rosen DS. Eating disorders in adolescent males. Adolesc Med. 2003; 14:677-89.

(25) Huline-Dickens Sarah. Anorexia nervosa: Some connections with the religious attitude. Br J Med Psychol.2000; 73(Pt 1):67-76.

(26) Goñi A, Rodríguez A. Eating disorders, sport practice and physical self-concept in adolescents. Actas Esp Psychiatr. 2004; 32:29-36.

How to Cite
Cogollo, Z., & Gómez-Bustamante, E. M. (2013). Risk of eating behavior disorders in adolescents from Cartagena, Colombia. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 31(3). Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iee/article/view/17505