Use of crack in pregnancy: repercussions for the newborn

  • Daiani Modernel Xavier Nurse, Ph.D. Federal University of Rio Grande - FURG, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil. email: daiamoder@gmail.com
  • Giovana Calcagno Gomes Nurse, Ph.D. Professor, Federal University of Rio Grande - FURG, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil. email: giovanacalcagno@furg.br
  • Juliane Portella Ribeiro Nurse, Ph.D. Professor, Federal University of Pelotas - UFPEL, Pelotas, RS, Brazil. email: ju_ribeiro1985@hotmail.com
  • Marina Soares Mota Nurse, Ph.D. Professor, Federal University of Rio Grande - FURG, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil. email: msm.mari.gro@gmail.com
  • Simone Quadros Alvarez Nurse, Ph.D. Professor, Anhanguera University, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil. email: simone.alvarez@aedu.com
Keywords: Infant, newborn, pregnant women, postpartum period, cocaína crack, nursing.

Abstract

Objective. To know the effects for the newborn of the use of crack in pregnancy.

Methods.This is a qualitative study conducted in a university hospital in southern Brazil, in the first half of 2014. Fifteen mothers crack users and five grandparents participated. The data were produced through semi-structured interviews and later submitted to content analysis.

Results. It was found that the use of crack in pregnancy leads to repercussions related to the health of the newborn and repercussions related to family restructuring. In relation to the newborn, prematurity, congenital malformation, hospitalization in an intensive care unit, use of care and feeding technologies through artificial milk formulas were mentioned. In the family context, it was evidenced the occurrence of abandonment of the child by the mother, causing the adoption of the newborn by relatives of the family nucleus or their institutionalization due to lack of family structure.

Conclusion. It was found that the use of crack in pregnancy leads to repercussions related to the health of the newborn and repercussions related to family restructuring. In this sense, the recruitment of pregnant users of crack by health/nursing professionals and referral for high-risk prenatal care, as well as early identification of the peculiarities of the newborns of these women, and the development of actions that minimize the repercussions of crack are imperative.

 

How to cite this article: Xavier DM, Gomes GC, Ribeiro JP, Mota MS, Alvarez SQ. Use of crack in pregnancy: repercussions for the newborn. Invest. Educ. Enferm. 2017; 35(3): 260-267

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Author Biography

Daiani Modernel Xavier, Nurse, Ph.D. Federal University of Rio Grande - FURG, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil. email: daiamoder@gmail.com





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Published
2017-10-12
How to Cite
Modernel Xavier, D., Calcagno Gomes, G., Portella Ribeiro, J., Soares Mota, M., & Quadros Alvarez, S. (2017). Use of crack in pregnancy: repercussions for the newborn. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 35(3). https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iee.v35n3a02
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS