Burnout and its influencing factors between frontline nurses and nurses from other wards during the outbreak of Coronavirus Disease -COVID-19- in Iran
Objective. To assess burnout level during an outbreak of
COVID-19 and to identify influencing factors between frontline
nurses and nurses from other wards.
Methods. This crosssectional study makes comparison between two groups of nurses
including frontline (exposure group) and other nurses working in
usual wards (non-exposure group) in Torbat Heydariyeh city, Iran.
Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI), Job stress questionnaire
(JSQ), and questionnaires of hospital resources, family support,
and measuring the fear of COVID-19 were used as research
Results. The scores of job stress and burnout in
the exposure group with COVID-19 infection were significantly
higher than in the non-exposure group (p=0.006 and p=0.002,
respectively). Although, in univariate linear regression, employment
status (p=0.047), experience in taking care of patient confirmed or suspected with COVID-19 infection (p=0.006), hospital resources (p=0.047), and job stress
(p<0.001) were considered as significant risk factors for COVID-19-related burnout. In multivariate
regression analysis, job stress (p=0.031, β=0.308) was considered as an only factor that has
a significant relationship with COVID-19-related burnout.
Conclusion. The burnout level in
frontline nurses was higher than other nurses, the most important influencing factor was the job
stress. Regarding to negative effects of burnout on both physical and mental health nurses, it is
suggested that a strong strategy be considered to reduce nurses’ burnout to be able to control
ongoing and future outbreaks successfully.
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