Face masks vs. COVID-19: a systematic review

  • Behzad Fouladi Dehaghi Associate Professor, Environmental Technologies Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences and Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. Email: bdehaghi@gmail.com
  • Abbas Ghodrati-Torbati Ph.D. Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran. Email: ghodratita171@yahoo.com
  • Gholamheidar Teimori M.Sc. Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran. Email: teimorigh1@gmail.com
  • Leila Ibrahimi Ghavamabadi Ph.D. Department of Environmental managementHSE, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University. Ahvaz, Iran. Email:ebrahimi.ghavam@gmail.com. Corresponding Author
  • Amir Jamshidnezhad Ph.D. Department of Health Information Technology, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. Email: dr.jamshidnejad@gmail.com
Keywords: COVID-19, coronavirus infections, masks


The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) spread rapidly
around the world. Two types of approaches have been
applied to use of face masks as a tool to prevent the spread
this disease in society. The aim of the systematic review
was to assess the effectiveness of face masks against the
novel coronavirus. A literature search was performed using
different databases until April 30, 2020. Search terms
were ‘facemasks’, ‘novel coronavirus’, and ‘healthcare
workers’. Five studies were included in the systematic
review. A study stated that no difference between surgical
and cotton masks. Also, two studies have emphasized the
use of surgical masks or N95 respirators by medical staff,
and two other studies emphasized the use of any type of
face mask by general public. More studies in controlled
contexts and studies of infections in healthcare and
community places are needed for better definition of the
effectiveness of face masks in preventing coronavirus.

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How to Cite
Fouladi Dehaghi, B., Ghodrati-Torbati, A., Teimori, G., Ibrahimi Ghavamabadi, L., & Jamshidnezhad, A. (2020). Face masks vs. COVID-19: a systematic review. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 38(2). https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iee.v38n2e13