Quality of life assessment in chronic wound patients using the Wound-QoL and FLQA-Wk instruments

  • Tatiele Naiara Vogt Joinville City Hall
  • Francisco José Koller Santa Cruz Integrated Faculties
  • Pamella Naiana Dias Santos Afonso Pena Emergency Care Unit
  • Bruna Eloise Lenhani Hospital Erasto Gaertner
  • Paulo Ricardo Bittencourt Guimarães Federal University of Paraná
  • Luciana Puchalski Kalinke Federal University of Paraná
Keywords: wounds and injuries, quality of life, questionnaires, nursing care, leg ulcer, diabetic foot

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate changes in the quality of life of patients with chronic wounds.

Methods. Quantitative research with a cross-sectional design performed with 100 patients with chronic wounds from a university hospital and a Basic Health Unit in southern Brazil. The mean values of the domains of the instruments Wound Quality of Life (Wound-QoL) and Freiburg Life Quality Assessment Wound were compared with sociodemographic variables of age, sex and education.

Results. The average age of the participants was 60.98 years old; 41% had diabetic ulcers and 83% treated the wounds for more than 24 months. The total quality of life value was below the mean with 37.50/100 with (Wound-QoL) and 44.20/100 with (FLQA-Wk). The variables of gender, and educational level were not correlated with either of the two instruments used to assess the quality of life. The age variable was significantly correlated with the satisfaction item of the FLQA-Wk.

Conclusion. The quality of life of patients with chronic wounds was considered poor. The age variable was correlated with the satisfaction domain, showing that the older the age, the lower the satisfaction. The use of instruments to evaluate the quality of life of patients with chronic wounds may help an effective treatment plan.

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Author Biographies

Tatiele Naiara Vogt, Joinville City Hall

Nurse, Master. Email: tatielevogt@hotmail.com. Joinville City Hall. Joinville, Santa Catarina - Brazil.

Francisco José Koller, Santa Cruz Integrated Faculties

Nurse, PhD student. Teacher. Email: enfkoller@yahoo.com.br. Santa Cruz Integrated Faculties. Curitiba, Paraná – Brazil.

Pamella Naiana Dias Santos, Afonso Pena Emergency Care Unit

Nurse, Master. Email: pamella.nds@gmail.com. Afonso Pena Emergency Care Unit. Curitiba, Paraná- Brazil.

Bruna Eloise Lenhani, Hospital Erasto Gaertner

Nurse, PhD. Email: bru_lenhani@hotmail.com. Hospital Erasto Gaertner, Curitiba, Paraná – Brazil.

Paulo Ricardo Bittencourt Guimarães, Federal University of Paraná

Statistician, PhD. Adjunct Professor III. Email: guimaraes.prb@gmail.com. Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná - Brazil.

Luciana Puchalski Kalinke, Federal University of Paraná

Nurse, PhD. Adjunct Professor III. Email: lucianakalinke@yahoo.com.br. Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná - Brazil

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Published
2020-11-09
How to Cite
VogtT. N., KollerF. J., Dias SantosP. N., LenhaniB. E., GuimarãesP. R. B., & KalinkeL. P. (2020). Quality of life assessment in chronic wound patients using the Wound-QoL and FLQA-Wk instruments. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 38(3). https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iee.v38n3e11
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS