Degradation of industrial dyes with white rot fungi
Keywords:Orange II, industrial dyes, ligninolitic fung, decolorization
White rot fungi have shown a great potential for degrading recalcitrant chemicals compounds as PAHs, explosives, pesticides, dyes, etc. This capacity is due mainly to an extracellular enzymatic complex that they use naturally in lignin degradation of wood. This work evaluated seven strains in function of its decoloration capacity of Orange II dye and industrail dyes Cibacrón® red, Erionyl® red, Terasil® blue y Erionyl® turquoise in semisolid and liquid mediums. Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Phanerochaete sordida showed high decoloration capacity, with a 98% for Orange II and between 82-86% for industrial dyes in liquid medium. In semisolid medium all dyes were totally eliminated. The growh fungi in each degrading tretatment of Orange II showed a diauxic performance, in the first step of fungi growth , they showed partial adsorption of orange II in biomass, posterior liberation in stationary step and finally total degradation in medium.
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