Synthesis and characterization of polyurethane elastomers from polyol-suspensions of castor oil and yucca starch

  • Jorge Enrique Pulido Flórez Universidad Industrial de Santander
  • Juan Manuel Cabrera Anaya Universidad Industrial de Santander
  • Kelly Johanna Navas Gómez Universidad Industrial de Santander
  • Manuel Fernando Valero Valdivieso Universidad Industrial de Santander
Keywords: castor oil, yucca starch, transesterification, polyurethane

Abstract

A double modification of castor oil by means of transesterification with pentaerythritol followed by incorporation of yucca starch was conducted. This led to obtaining the so-called polyol-suspensions, which were characterized by: hydroxyl value, viscosity and specific gravity. Polyurethane elastomers were then synthesized from the suspensions, using MDI as diisocyanate. The elastomers were characterized by tensile strength, hardness and resistance to chemical attack. In order to enhance the hydroxylic functionality and the percentage of amylopectin, different amounts of pentaerythritol and three starch species were used in the double modification; the ratio of the reactive functional groups NCO/OH in the synthesis was also varied. It was found that the addition of a 5% of starch to polyols caused increments of the hydroxyl value in the polyol-suspensions, as well as improvements of the physical-mechanical properties of synthesized materials, compared to those materials synthesized from independent ways of oil modification, therefore obtaining a wide range of materials.

|Abstract
= 92 veces | PDF (ESPAÑOL (ESPAÑA))
= 49 veces|

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Jorge Enrique Pulido Flórez, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Grupo de Investigación en Polímeros, Escuela de Ingeniería Química

Juan Manuel Cabrera Anaya, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Grupo de Investigación en Polímeros, Escuela de Ingeniería Química

Kelly Johanna Navas Gómez, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Grupo de Investigación en Polímeros, Escuela de Ingeniería Química

Manuel Fernando Valero Valdivieso, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Grupo de Investigación en Polímeros, Escuela de Ingeniería Química

References

S. Desai, I. Thakore, B. Sarawade, S. Devi. “Structure-Property relationship in polyurethane elastomers con-taining starch as a crosslinker”. Polymer Engineering & Science. Vol. 40. 2004. pp. 1200-1210.

H. Seung-Kyu, H. Broecker. “The crosslinking of polyurethane incorporated with starch granules and the rheological properties: influences of starch content and reaction conditions”. Macromolecular Materials & Engineering. Vol. 288. 2003. pp. 569-577.

M. Valero, M. Martínez, H. Ramírez, M. Valdivieso, D. Duarte, A. Ramírez, J. Pulido. “Preparación y comportamiento de polímeros de redes simultáneamente interpenetradas (SIN), formadas por poliuretano de aceite de higuerilla modificado y poliestireno”. Memorias del Congreso Colombiano de Ingeniería Química. Manizales (Colombia). 2005.

M. Duarte, J. Socarrás, J. Pulido, A. Ramírez. Síntesis y caracterización de elastómeros de poliuretano a partir de metilen difenil diisocianato (MDI) y aceite de higuerilla modificado con almidón de yuca. Tesis de pregrado en Ingeniería Química de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Bucaramanga (Colombia). 2005. pp. 20-30.

J. Cabrera, K. Navas, J. Pulido, A. Ramírez. Síntesis y caracterización de elastómeros de poliuretano y redes interpenetradas (IPN) a partir de poliol-suspensiones de aceite de higuerilla y almidón de yuca, y estireno. Tesis de pregrado en Ingeniería Química de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Bucaramanga (Colombia). 2005. pp. 20-30.

J. Siddaramaiah, B. Kendaganna. “Structure property relationship of the starch-filled chain-extended polyu-rethane”. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. Vol. 90. 2003. pp. 2945-2954.

Published
2014-08-05
How to Cite
Pulido Flórez J. E., Cabrera Anaya J. M., Navas Gómez K. J., & Valero Valdivieso M. F. (2014). Synthesis and characterization of polyurethane elastomers from polyol-suspensions of castor oil and yucca starch. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (39), 100-111. Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/ingenieria/article/view/20236