Transmission of visible light through mortars using fluorite as a fine aggregate
AbstractThis article presents the results of an evaluation of the optical properties of white and gray Portland cement mortars within the visible light spectrum. Eight controllable variables were studied: size of aggregate, type of cement, water-cement ratio, type of aggregate, cement-aggregate ratio, thickness of mortar, percentage of air entrained and percentage of optical fiber. A mathematical model was used to analyze the behavior of a light beam as it passes across a mortar. Three properties were measured: reflection, absorption and transmittance. A spectrophotometer and two sources of light were used. Of the eight controllable variables, thickness, aggregate size and cement type were those with the greatest impact on transmittance.
M. Abou, E. Fahmy and D. Abou, “Properties of Translucent Concrete”, in Annual Conference of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, Yellowknife, Canada, 2007, pp. 651-660.
R. Edmeades and P. Hewlett, “Cement admixtures”, in Lea’s Chemistry of Cement and Concrete, 4th ed., P. Hewlett (ed), Oxford, England: ButterworthHeinemann, 2003, pp. 841-905.
Z. Zhou, G. Ou, Y. Hang, G. Chen and J. Ou, “Research and development of plastic optical fiber based smart transparent concrete”, in SPIE 7293, Smart Sensor Phenomena, Technology, Networks, and Systems, San Diego, USA, 2009, pp. 1-6.
J. Gutiérrez, S. Galvan and G. Aviles, “Diseño de un Concreto Translucido”, in 3rd Congreso Internacional de Materiales - Simposio Materia, Cartagena, Colombia, 2005, pp. 1-10.
J. Gutiérrez and S. Cazares, “Formulation for obtaining a translucent concrete mixture”, U.S. Patent 20090298972 A1, Dic. 3, 2009.
A. Losonczi, “Translucent building block and a method for manufacturing the same”, U.S. Patent 8091303 B2, Jan. 10, 2012.
A. Losonczi, “Building block comprising light transmitting fibres and a method for producing the same”, U.S. Patent 20050183372 A1, Aug. 21, 2005.
A. Momin, R. Kadiranaikar, V. Jagirdar and A. Ahemed, “Study on Light Transmittance of Concrete Using Optical Fibers and Glass Rods”, in International Conference on Advances in Engineering & Technology (ICAET), India, 2014, pp. 67-72.
M. Padma, D. Johnson, A. Basheer and K. Prasanthi, “Optical Fibres in the Modeling of Translucent Concrete Blocks”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 13-17, 2013.
S. Paul and A. Dutta, “Translucent Concrete”, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, vol 3, no. 10, pp. 1-10, 2013.
A. Mainini, T. Poli, M. Zinzi and S. Cangiano, “Spectral light transmission measure and radiance model validation of an innovative transparent concrete panel for façades”, Energy Procedia, vol. 30, pp. 1184-1194, 2012.
B. Kashiyani, V. Raina, J. Pitroda and B. Shah, “A Study on Transparent Concrete: A Novel Architectural Material to Explore Construction Sector”, International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology, vol. 2, no. 8, 2013, pp. 83-87.
J. Halm“Method for producing moulded bricks with fibres”, U.S. Patent 20090200703 A1, Aug. 13, 2009.
C. Wert and R. Thomson, “Physics of solids”, 2nd ed. New York, USA: Mc Graw-Hill, 1967.
E. Dana, “A tex-book of Mineralogy”, in Dana´s Series of Mineralogies, 3rd ed., E. Dana and W. Ford (eds). New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1922, pp. 279-314.
M. Cánovas, Hormigón, 8th ed. Madrid, Spain: Colegio de Ingeniería de Caminos, Canales y Puertos, 2007. pp. 666.
D. Montgomery, Design and Analysis of experiments, 5th ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2001.
J. Fernandez, El Vidrio, 2nd ed. Madrid, Spain: Concejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1991. pp. 452- 554.
Copyright (c) 2015 Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors can archive the pre-print version (i.e., the version prior to peer review) and post-print version (that is, the final version after peer review and layout process) on their personal website, institutional repository and / or thematic repository
- Upon acceptance of an article, it will be published online through the page https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/ingenieria/issue/archive in PDF version with its correspondent DOI identifier
The Revista Facultad de Ingeniería -redin- encourages the Political Constitution of Colombia, chapter IV
Chapter IV Sanctions 51
The following shall be liable to imprisonment for two to five years and a fine of five to 20 times the legal minimum monthly wage: (1) any person who publishes an unpublished literary or artistic work, or part thereof, by any means, without the express prior authorization of the owner of rights; (2) any person who enters in the National Register of Copyright a literary, scientific or artistic work in the name of a person other than the true author, or with its title altered or deleted, or with its text altered, deformed, amended or distorted, or with a false mention of the name of the publisher or phonogram, film, videogram or software producer; (3) any person who in any way or by any means reproduces, disposes of, condenses, mutilates or otherwise transforms a literary, scientific or artistic work without the express prior authorization of the owners thereof; (4) any person who reproduces phonograms, videograms, software or cinematographic works without the express prior authorization of the owner, or transports, stores, stocks, distributes, imports, sells, offers for sale, acquires for sale or distribution or in any way deals in such reproductions. Paragraph. If either the material embodiment or title page of or the introduction to the literary work, phonogram, videogram, software or cinematographic work uses the name, business style, logotype or distinctive mark of the lawful owner of rights, the foregoing sanctions shall be increased by up to half.