Biomechanical analysis of damaged intervertebral disc using reflective photoelasticity

Keywords: Photoelastic analysis, stress distribution, lumbar section, damaged intervertebral disc

Abstract

This paper presents an experimental evaluation of the structural integrity of the lumbar section (L2-L3-L4) considering a damaged intervertebral disc. In this study, porcine specimens were used due to the similarity of the mechanical properties of those of the human spine. The lumbar section L2-L3-L4 was tested under compression. Five cases were analyzed; in the first one, the lumbar section consisted of healthy intervertebral discs. For the other four cases, the disc located between L2 and L3 was divided into four quadrants: front, back, left and right. For each of these cases, a damage condition was induced by making an incision from the annular fibers to the pulpous nucleus, covering each quadrant; the back elements (pedicles and facet joint) were removed and only the vertebral bodies and discs were tested. As a damaged intervertebral disc is unable to properly perform its mechanical function, the load transferred from L2 to L3 through the disc is no longer optimal. The actual stress field on L3, considering the damaged disc, was obtained using reflective photoelasticity for each one of the previously mentioned study cases. The results show that the induced damage in the intervertebral discs increases the stresses on L3 considerably when compared to the case of an undamaged disc, being the most critical when the damage is located in the back quadrant of the disc. In the other three cases, the damaged disc does not reduce the 

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Author Biographies

Ricardo Gustavo Rodriguez Cañizo, Instituto Politécnico Nacional

Profesor investigador de la SEPI ESIME UA- Área de diseño y biomecánica

Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica
Luis Héctor Hernández Gómez, Instituto Politécnico Nacional

Profesor investigador de la SEPI ESIME UZ, Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica

Ariel Fuerte Hernández, Universidad Politécnica del Valle de México

Profesor de carrera, División de Mecatrónica

Emmanuel Alejandro Merchán Cruz, Instituto Politécnico Nacional

Profesor investigador de la SEPI ESIME UA, Área de diseño y biomecánica, Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica

Alejandro González Rebatu, Hospital Regional 1° de Octubre ISSSTE

Médico especialista, área de ortopedia

Pedro Alejandro Tamayo Meza, Instituto Politécnico Nacional
PROFESOR INVESTIGADOR DE LA SEPI-ESIME UA.-AREA DE MATERIALES.

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Published
2016-03-18
How to Cite
Rodriguez Cañizo R. G., Hernández Gómez L. H., Fuerte Hernández A., Merchán Cruz E. A., González Rebatu A., & Tamayo Meza P. A. (2016). Biomechanical analysis of damaged intervertebral disc using reflective photoelasticity. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (78), 73-79. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.n78a10