A simple geomagnetic field compensation system for uniform magnetic field applications

Keywords: Uniform magnetic field, Square Helmholtz coils, Tri-axial Hall effect sensors, Magnetic field control, Geomagnetic field compensation

Abstract

In this paper a simple geomagnetic field compensation system for uniform magnetic field applications of low magnitude and frequency is presented. The compensation system is based on an array of Tri-axial Square Helmholtz (TSH) coils, an array of tri-axial Hall effect sensors and a microcontroller system in order to compensate the small variations of the ambient magnetic fields (magnitudes close to the geomagnetic field between  25 μT and 65 μT) on a volume of interest. The geomagnetic field experimentally obtained of  39.5 μT was compensated, achieving a uniform magnetic field of approximately zero. Finally, the proposed system emerges as a simple alternative for control and compensation of magnetic fields in several applications.

|Abstract
= 82 veces | PDF
= 93 veces|

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Andrés Fernando Restrepo Álvarez, University of Valle

Industrial Control Research Group, Faculty of Engineering.

Edinson Franco Mejía, University of Valle

Industrial Control Research Group, Faculty of Engineering.

Héctor Cadavid Ramírez, University of Valle

High Voltage Research Group (GRALTA), Faculty of Engineering.

Carlos Rafael Pinedo Jaramillo, University of Valle

Research Group on Perception and Intelligent Systems, Faculty of Engineering.

References

A. Smith, B. E. Anderson, S. Chaudhury, and P. S. Jessen, “Three-axis measurement and cancellation of background magnetic fields to less than 50 µG in a cold atom experiment,” Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, vol. 44, no. 20, 2011.

I. Khalil, L. Abelmann, and S. Misra, “Magnetic-based motion control of paramagnetic microparticles with disturbance compensation,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 50, no. 10, pp. 1–10, 2014.

G. Go et al., “Electromagnetic navigation system using simple coil structure (4 coils) for 3-D locomotive microrobot,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 1–7, 2015.

J. K. Nam, S. M. Jeon, W. S. Lee, and G. H. Jang, “Control of a three-dimensional magnetic force generated from a magnetic navigation system to precisely manipulate the locomotion of a magnetic microrobot,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 117, no. 17, pp. 1–6, 2015.

J. Schuderer et al., “In vitro exposure apparatus for ELF magnetic fields,” Bioelectromagnetics, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 582-591, 2004.

A. F. Restrepo, E. Franco, and C. R. Pinedo, “Metodología de diseño e implementación de un sistema para generación de campos magnéticos uniformes con bobinas Helmholtz cuadrada tri-axial,” Informacion Tecnologica, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 3–14, 2014.

V. V. Krylov et al., “An experimental study of the biological effects of geomagnetic disturbances: The impact of a typical geomagnetic storm and its constituents on plants and animals,” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, vol. 110–111, pp. 28–36, 2014.

J. Chen et al., “An improved 3-D magnetic field generator with larger uniform region,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 26, no. 7. pp. 1–5, 2016.

G. O. Forte, G. Farrher, L. R. Canali, and E. Anoardo, “Automatic shielding-shimming magnetic field compensator for excluded volume applications,” IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 976–983, 2010.

J. Kellogg, Magnetic active compensation system (MACS) for electron microscopy, 2003. [Online]. Available: http://www.ets-lindgren.com/pdf/kelloggi_03.pdf. Accessed on: Sep. 25, 2015.

Bartington Intruments Ltd, Mag-03 and Mag690 Bartington Instruments’ magnetometers for use in magnetic field cancellation and custom field creation - Case study, 2001. [Online]. Available: http://www.techmfg.com/appnotes/Bartington%20magnetic%20field%20cancellation%20app%20note.pdf. Accessed on: Apr. 14, 2015.

C. Dunnam, “Active feedback system for suppression of alternating magnetic fields,” U.S. Patent 5 465 012, Nov. 7, 1995.

ETS-Lindgren, Magnetic active compensation system for electron beam applications, 2008. [Online]. Available: http://www.ets-lindgren.com/pdf/iMagneticActiveCompensationB.pdf. Accessed on: Apr. 14, 2015.

MEDA, Compensation of earth’s field with a three-axis helmholtz coil, 1999. [Online]. Available: http://meda.com/Application%20Notes/an108.pdf. Accessed on: Apr. 14, 2015.

C. F. Martino, L. Portelli, K. McCabe, M. Hernandez, and F. Barnes, “Reduction of the Earth’s magnetic field inhibits growth rates of model cancer cell lines,” Bioelectromagnetics, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 649–655, 2010.

P. G. Park et al., “Automatic compensation of the Earth’s magnetic field and a calibration system for magnetometers below 1 mT,” Journal of the Korean Physical Society, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 583–585, 2005.

L. Raganella, M. Guelfi, and G. D’Inzeo, “Triaxial exposure system providing static and low-frequency magnetic fields for in vivo and in vitro biological studies,” Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics, vol. 35, no. 1-2, pp. 121–126, 1994.

V. Novickij, A. Grainys, J. Novickij, and A. Lucinskis, “Programmable pulsed magnetic field system for biological applications,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 50, no. 11, pp. 1–4, 2014.

A. A. Malafronte and M. N. Martins, “Inexpensive magnetic field controller,” in Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC), Knoxville, USA, 2005, pp. 2833–2835.

M. Farina et al., “ELF-EMFs induced effects on cell lines: Controlling ELF generation in laboratory,” Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, vol. 24, pp. 131–153, 2010.

Y. Li, X. Zhang, G. Chen, X. Cui, and J. Liu, “Design and error analysis of geomagnetic measurement circuit based on triaxial magneto-resistive sensor,” in International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems Engineering (CASE), Singapore, Singapore, 2011, pp. 1–3.

G. B. Bell and A. A. Marino, “Exposure system for production of uniform magnetic fields,” Journal of Bioelectricity, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 147–158, 1989.

T. Tsz-Ka, Tri-axial Square Helmholtz coil for Neutron EDM Experiment, 2004. [Online]. Available: http://www.phy.cuhk.edu.hk/sure/comments_2004/thomasli.pdf. Accessed on: Sep. 25, 2015.

D. Brodic, “Measurement of the extremely low frequency magnetic field in the laptop neighborhood,” Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia, no. 76, pp. 39–45, 2015.

S. M. Satav and V. Agarwal, “Design and development of a low-cost digital magnetic field meter with wide dynamic range for EMC precompliance measurements and other applications,” IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 58, no. 8, pp. 2837–2846, 2009.

A. F. Restrepo, J. A. Rusca, and E. Franco, “Design of a simple electronic load controlled with configurable load profile,” Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería, vol. 7, no. 13, pp. 9–13, 2013.

A. Sobaih, B. Abouzalam, and E. Abdelrahman, “Intelligent UPS inverter control design using microcontroller,” Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 34–47, 2014.

J. C. Olivares, E. Campero, R. Escarela, S. Magdaleno, and E. Blanco, “Coil systems to generate uniform magnetic field volumes,” in COMSOL Conference, Boston, USA, 2010, pp. 1–7.

G. Hulot, C. Finlay, C. Constable, N. Olsen, and M. Mandea, “The magnetic field of planet Earth,” Space Science Reviews, vol. 152, no. 1, pp. 159–222, 2010.

R. Longoria, M. A. Oliver, J. Torres, J. L. González, and G. M. Méndez, “Diseño, construcción y prueba de un prototipo automático para compostaje,” Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia, no. 70, pp. 185–196, 2014.

Published
2017-06-26
How to Cite
Restrepo Álvarez A. F., Franco Mejía E., Cadavid Ramírez H., & Pinedo Jaramillo C. R. (2017). A simple geomagnetic field compensation system for uniform magnetic field applications. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (83), 65-71. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.n83a09