Efficiency of the removal of microcystin-LR by UV-radiation and hydrogen peroxide
Due to the harmful effects associated with the presence of microcystin-LR (MC-LR) cyanotoxin, photo-degradation assays were performed in natural and distilled water using the combined action of ultraviolet (UV) radiation and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The effect of H2O2 content and UV irradiance was evaluated and optimized using a multilevel factorial design in distilled water spiked with 20 µg L-1 MC-LR. The coupled UV/H2O2 system under optimal operating conditions (0.63 mW cm-2 irradiance and 30 mg L-1 H2O2) was more effective than the individual action of UV irradiance or H2O2 content for 30 min of treatment time, since a reduction of 97.78% of MC-LR was achieved. After optimizing the operating conditions, they were applied for natural water, obtaining MC-LR removals similar to those achieved with distilled water (99.59 and 99.73%, respectively), reaching a final MC-LR concentration in both matrices well below the maximum recommended limit established by WHO for MC-LR in drinking water, fixed at 1 µg L-1. 15 mg L-1 of H2O2 were also tested, and although 98.08% of MC-LR elimination was found for a reaction time of 60 min, WHO advisable limit was not surpassed. The UV/H2O2 process could be considered as an alternative to the conventional processes water facilities are operating with to tackle the problem of fresh water pollution with cyanotoxins, providing the accomplishment of the whole set of water quality standards included in the legislation.
J. O’Neil, T. Davis, M. Burford, and C. Gobler, “The rise of harmful cyanobacteria blooms: The potential roles of eutrophication and climate change,” Harmful Algae, vol. 14, February 2012. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hal.2011.10.027
I. Chorus and J. Bartram. (1999) Toxic cyanobacteria in water: A guide to their public health consequences, monitoring and management. [E & FN Spon]. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/2x9GiZH
H. Hudnell, “Cyanobacterial poisoning in livestock, wild mammals and birds – an overview,” in Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Blooms: State of the Science and Research Needs, I. Stewart, A. Seawright, and G. Shaw, Eds. New York: Springer, 2008, pp. 950–955.
S. Merel, M. Villarín, K. Chung, and S. Snyder, “Spatial and thematic distribution of research on cyanotoxins,” Toxicon, vol. 76, December 15 2013. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2013.09.008
S. Merel and et al, “State of knowledge and concerns on cyanobacterial blooms and cyanotoxins,” Environment International, vol. 59, September 2013. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2013.06.013
S. Merel, M. Clément, and O. Thomas, “State of the art on cyanotoxins in water and their behaviour towards chlorine,” Toxicon, vol. 55, no. 4, April 1 2003. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2009.10.028
B. Hitzfeld, S. Höger, and D. Dietrich, “Cyanobacterial toxins: removal during drinking water treatment, and human risk assessment,” Environ Health Perspect., vol. 108, no. 1, March 2000. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.00108s1113
X. He and et al, “Efficient removal of microcystin-lr by uv-c/h2o2 in synthetic and natural water samples,” Water Research, vol. 46, no. 5, April 1 2012. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2011.11.009
X. He and et al, “Destruction of microcystins (cyanotoxins) by UV-254 nm-based direct photolysis and advanced oxidation processes (AOPs): Influence of variable amino acids on the degradation kinetics and reaction mechanisms,” Water Research, vol. 74, May 1 2015. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2015.02.011
R. Qiao, N. Li, X. Qi, Q. Wang, and Y. Zhuang, “Degradation of microcystin- rr by uv radiation in the presence of hydrogen peroxide,” Toxicon, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 745–52, May 2005.
R. Qiao and et al, “Degradation of microcystin-RR by combination of UV/H2O 2 technique,” Chinese Chem. Lett., vol. 16, pp. 1271–1274, Sep. 2005.
L. Li and et al, “Experimental and model comparisons of H2O2 assisted UV photodegradation of Microcystin-LR in simulated drinking water,” Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A, vol. 10, no. 11, November 2009. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A0820642
W. Song, V. Ravindran, and M. Pirbazari, “Process optimization using a kinetic model for the ultraviolet radiation-hydrogen peroxide decomposition of natural and synthetic organic compounds in groundwater,” Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 63, no. 12, Jun 2008. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2008.03.024
B. Wang and et al, “The combined effects of uv-c radiation and h2o2 on microcystis aeruginosa, a bloom-forming cyanobacterium,” Chemosphere., vol. 141, Dec 2015. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.06.020
X. Huo, D. Chang, J. Tseng, M. Burch, and T. Lin, “Exposure of microcystis aeruginosa to hydrogen peroxide under light: Kinetic modeling of cell rupture and simultaneous microcystin degradation,” Environ Sci Technol., vol. 49, no. 9, May 5 2015. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00170
H. Matthijs and et al, “Selective suppression of harmful cyanobacteria in an entire lake with hydrogen peroxide,” Water Res., vol. 46, no. 5, Apr 1 2012. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2011.11.016
D. Barrington and A. Ghadouani, “Application of hydrogen peroxide for the removal of toxic cyanobacteria and other phytoplankton from wastewater,” Water Res., vol. 42, no. 23, Nov 5 2008. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1021/es801717y
D. Barrington, E. Reichwaldt, and A. Ghadouani, “The use of hydrogen peroxide to remove cyanobacteria and microcystins from waste stabilization ponds and hypereutrophic systems,” Ecological Engineering, vol. 50, Jan 2013. [Online]. Available:
X. He, A. de la Cruz, and D. Dionysiou, “Destruction of cyanobacterial toxin cylindrospermopsin by hydroxyl radicals and sulfate radicals using UV-254 nm activation of hydrogen peroxide, persulfate and peroxymonosulfate,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 251, Jan 1 2013. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotochem.2012.09.017
K. Tsuji and et al, “Stability of microcystins from cyanobacteria: effect of light on decomposition and isomerization,” Toxicon, vol. 33, no. 12, Dec 1995. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/0041-0101(95)00101-8
Copyright (c) 2020 Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors can archive the pre-print version (i.e., the version prior to peer review) and post-print version (that is, the final version after peer review and layout process) on their personal website, institutional repository and / or thematic repository
- Upon acceptance of an article, it will be published online through the page https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/ingenieria/issue/archive in PDF version with its correspondent DOI identifier
The Revista Facultad de Ingeniería -redin- encourages the Political Constitution of Colombia, chapter IV
Chapter IV Sanctions 51
The following shall be liable to imprisonment for two to five years and a fine of five to 20 times the legal minimum monthly wage: (1) any person who publishes an unpublished literary or artistic work, or part thereof, by any means, without the express prior authorization of the owner of rights; (2) any person who enters in the National Register of Copyright a literary, scientific or artistic work in the name of a person other than the true author, or with its title altered or deleted, or with its text altered, deformed, amended or distorted, or with a false mention of the name of the publisher or phonogram, film, videogram or software producer; (3) any person who in any way or by any means reproduces, disposes of, condenses, mutilates or otherwise transforms a literary, scientific or artistic work without the express prior authorization of the owners thereof; (4) any person who reproduces phonograms, videograms, software or cinematographic works without the express prior authorization of the owner, or transports, stores, stocks, distributes, imports, sells, offers for sale, acquires for sale or distribution or in any way deals in such reproductions. Paragraph. If either the material embodiment or title page of or the introduction to the literary work, phonogram, videogram, software or cinematographic work uses the name, business style, logotype or distinctive mark of the lawful owner of rights, the foregoing sanctions shall be increased by up to half.