A baseline for context-aware system for safety messages dissemination in VANETs
Keywords:vehicular ad-hoc networks, dissemination mechanisms, safety messages, simulation scenario, intelligentt ransportation systems
Vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs) are mobile networks with highly dynamic contexts of operation. The design and application of context-aware systems could be critical to enhance the performance of protocols deployed in VANETs, which depend on both network and traffic conditions, to detect hostile communication environments, as well as to offer a novel way to make decisions in real-time. In this paper, we present a baseline study for the design of a context-aware system for dissemination of safety messages in VANETs. We model a realistic vehicular intersection and perform extensive simulations to evaluate two well-known dissemination mechanisms, namely the Slotted 1-persistence and the Traffic Adaptive Data Dissemination (TrAD) Protocol, with a set of parameters according to different operation scenarios. We show how the dissemination mechanisms’ performance could be improved, or worsened, by choosing a different set of parameter values. By characterizing the operation scenarios, it is possible to adequate the parameters of the dissemination mechanism with the values that work best in a given context, improving in this way the general performance of the dissemination mechanisms under study.
X. Ma, J. Zhang, X. Yin, and K. S. Trivedi, “Design and analysis of a robust broadcast scheme for VANET safety-related services,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 46–61, 2012.
B. Hassanabadi and S. Valaee, “Reliable periodic safety message broadcasting in VANETs using network coding,” IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 1284–1297, 2014.
J. J. Alcaraz, J. Vales-Alonso, and J. Garcia-Haro, “Control-based scheduling with QoS support for vehicle to infrastructure communications,” IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 32–39, 2009.
K. D. Kusano and H. C. Gabler, “Comparison of expected crash and injury reduction from production forward collision and lane departure warning systems,” Traffic injury prevention, vol. 16, no. sup2, pp. S109–S114, 2015.
G. Tan, Y. Yin, J. Bu, and N. Ding, “An ivc broadcast scheme based on traffic phase for emergency message dissemination at road intersection,” in Complex, Intelligent, and Software Intensive Systems (CISIS), 2013 Seventh International Conference on. IEEE, 2013, pp. 59–65.
Y. Bi, H. Zhou, W. Zhuang, and H. Zhao, Safety Message Broadcast in Vehicular Networks. Springer, 2016.
O. K. Tonguz, N. Wisitpongphan, and F. Bai, “Dv-cast: A distributed vehicular broadcast protocol for vehicular ad hoc networks,” IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 17, no. 2, 2010.
Y.-C. Tseng, S.-Y. Ni, Y.-S. Chen, and J.-P. Sheu, “The broadcast storm problem in a mobile ad hoc network,” Wireless networks, vol. 8, no. 2-3, pp. 153–167, 2002.
A. Yáñez, S. Céspedes, and J. Rubio-Loyola, “Cassam: Context-aware system for safety messages dissemination in vanets,” in 2018 IEEE Colombian Conference on Communications and Computing (COLCOM). IEEE, 2018, pp. 1–6.
H. Moustafa and Y. Zhang, Vehicular Networks: Techniques, Standards, and Applications, 1st ed. Boston, MA, USA: Auerbach Publications, 2009.
R. Kumar, M. Dave et al., “A review of various vanet data dissemination protocols,” International Journal of u-and e-Service, Science and Technology, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 27–44, 2012.
N. Kaur and A. Singh, “A survey on data dissemination protocols used in vanets,” International Journal of Computer Applications, vol. 120, no. 23, 2015.
N. Wisitpongphan, O. Tonguz, J. Parikh, P. Mudalige, F. Bai, and V. Sadekar, “Broadcast storm mitigation techniques in vehicular ad hoc networks,” IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 84–94, 2007.
M. Li, K. Zeng, and W. Lou, “Opportunistic broadcast of event-driven warning messages in vehicular ad hoc networks with lossy links,” Computer Networks, vol. 55, no. 10, pp. 2443–2464, 2011.
A. Galaviz-Mosqueda, S. Villarreal-Reyes, H. Galeana-Zapien, J. Rubio-Loyola, and R. Rivera-Rodriguez, “Genetic tuning of fuzzy rule-based systems for multi-hop broadcast protocols for VANETs,” Telecommunication Systems, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 399–420, 2016. Online.. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11235-015-0129-z
Y. Zhu, B. Xu, X. Shi, and Y. Wang, “A survey of social-based routing in delay tolerant networks: Positive and negative social effects,” IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 387–401, 2013.
Y. Cao and Z. Sun, “Routing in delay/disruption tolerant networks: A taxonomy, survey and challenges,” IEEE Communications surveys & tutorials, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 654–677, 2013.
C. Sommer, D. Eckhoff, and F. Dressler, “Ivc in cities: Signal attenuation by buildings and how parked cars can improve the situation,” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 1733–1745, 2014.
C. Sommer, S. Joerer, M. Segata, O. K. Tonguz, R. L. Cigno, and F. Dressler, “How shadowing hurts vehicular communications and how dynamic beaconing can help,” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 1411–1421, 2015.
R. S. Schwartz, R. R. Barbosa, N. Meratnia, G. Heijenk, and H. Scholten, “A directional data dissemination protocol for vehicular environments,” Computer Communications, vol. 34, no. 17, pp. 2057–2071, 2011.
B. Tian, K. M. Hou, and H. Zhou, “The traffic adaptive data dissemination (TrAD) protocol for both urban and highway scenarios,” Sensors (Switzerland), vol. 16, no. 6, p. 920, jun 2016. Online.. Available: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27338393
M. Hager, L. Wernecke, C. Schneider, and J. Seitz, “Vehicular ad hoc networks: Multi-hop information dissemination in an urban scenwario,” in Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP), 2015 38th International Conference on. IEEE, 2015, pp. 65–70.
I.-H. Bae, “An intelligent broadcasting algorithm for early warning message dissemination in vanets,” Mathematical Problems in Engineering, vol. 2015, 2015.
L. A. Villas, A. Boukerche, G. Maia, R. W. Pazzi, and A. A. Loureiro, “Drive: An efficient and robust data dissemination protocol for highway and urban vehicular ad hoc networks,” Computer Networks, vol. 75, pp. 381–394, 2014. Online.. Available: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1389128614003673
S. Bolufé, S. Montejo-Sánchez, C. Azurdia-Meza, S. Céspedes, R. Demos Souza, and E. M. García, “Dynamic Control of Beacon Transmission Rate and Power with Position Error Constraint in Cooperative Vehicular Networks,” in 33rd ACM/SIGAPP Symposium On Applied Computing (SAC), Pau, France, Apr 2018.
R. Oliveira, C. Montez, A. Boukerche, and M. S. Wangham, “Reliable data dissemination protocol for VANET traffic safety applications,” Ad Hoc Networks, vol. 63, pp. 30–44, 2017.
M. Segata, F. Dressler, and R. L. Cigno, “Jerk beaconing: A dynamic approach to platooning,” in Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC), 2015 IEEE. IEEE, 2015, pp. 135–142.
S. A. A. Shah, E. Ahmed, F. Xia, A. Karim, M. Shiraz, and R. M. Noor, “Adaptive beaconing approaches for vehicular ad hoc networks: a survey,” IEEE Systems Journal, 2016.
M. Bakhouya, “Broadcasting approaches for mobile ad hoc networks,” in High Performance Computing and Simulation (HPCS), 2013 International Conference on. IEEE, 2013, pp. 705–707.
A. Dua, N. Kumar, and S. Bawa, “An energy efficient data dissemination and information retrieval scheme for vanet,” in Data Science and Data Intensive Systems (DSDIS), 2015 IEEE International Conference on. IEEE, 2015, pp. 427–434.
S. Poslad, “Context-aware systems,” Ubiquitous Computing: Smart Devices, Environments and Interactions, pp. 213–244, 2009.
H. Vahdat-Nejad, A. Ramazani, T. Mohammadi, and W. Mansoor, “A survey on context-aware vehicular network applications,” Vehicular Communications, vol. 3, pp. 43–57, 2016. Online. Available: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214209616000036
R. Want, A. Hopper, V. Falcao, and J. Gibbons, “The active badge location system,” ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS), vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 91–102, 1992.
K. Abrougui, A. Boukerche, and R. W. N. Pazzi, “Design and evaluation of context-aware and location-based service discovery protocols for vehicular networks,” IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 717–735, 2011.
W. Woernd and R. Eigner, “Collaborative, context-aware applications for inter-networked cars,” in Proceedings of the Workshop on Enabling Technologies: Infrastructure for Collaborative Enterprises, WETICE. IEEE, 2007, pp. 180–185. Online.. Available: http: //ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/4407149/
H. Zarza, H. Karimi, S. Mohammad, S. Y. Hosseini, H. R. Ataeian, and H. Rostami, “Cagfp: context aware geocast forwarding protocol for inter-vehicle communication,” in 21st Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering (ICEE), IEEE, Mashhad, Iran, 2013. Online.. Available: http://confnews.um.ac.ir/images/41/conferences/icee2013/1854_6.pdf
N. Alsharif, S. Cespedes, and X. S. Shen, “ICAR: Intersection-based connectivity aware routing in vehicular ad hoc networks,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications. IEEE, jun 2013, pp. 1736–1741. Online.. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6654769/
R. B. Soares, E. F. Nakamura, C. M. Figueiredo, and A. A. Loureiro, “VCARP: Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks context-aware routing protocol,” in Proceedings - IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications. IEEE, jul 2012, pp. 000 442–000 447. Online.. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6249336/
P. Shankar, T. Nadeem, J. Rosca, and L. Iftode, “CARS: Context-aware rate selection for vehicular networks,” in Proceedings - International Conference on Network Protocols, ICNP. IEEE, oct 2008, pp. 1–12. Online.. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/4697019/
F. Dressler, F. Klingler, C. Sommer, and R. Cohen, “Not All VANET Broadcasts Are the Same: Context-Aware Class Based Broadcast,” IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1–14, 2017.
D. Böhmländer, T. Dirndorfer, A. H. Al-Bayatti, and T. Brandmeier, “Context-aware system for pre-triggering irreversible vehicle safety actuators,” Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 103, pp. 72–84, 2017. Online.. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2017.02.015
Z. Amjad, W. C. Song, K. J. Ahn, and M. Shoaib, “Context aware data aggregation in vehicular ad-hoc networks,” in NOMS 2016 - 2016 IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium. IEEE, apr 2016, pp. 1257–1260. Online.. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7502998/
S. Yi, W. Lai, D. Tang, and H. Wang, “A context-aware MAC protocol in VANET based on Bayesian Networks,” in 9th International Conference on Communications and Networking in China. IEEE, aug 2014, pp. 191–196. Online.. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7054284/
R. Bauza, J. Gozalvez, and J. Sanchez-Soriano, “Road traffic congestion detection through cooperative Vehicle-to-Vehicle communications,” in Proceedings - Conference on Local Computer Networks, LCN. IEEE, oct 2010, pp. 606–612. Online.. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/5735780/
L. Skycomp, “Inc. in association with whytney bailey,“,” Major highway performance ratings and bottleneck inventory,” State of Maryland, Spring, vol. 2009, 2008.
G. Karagiannis, O. Altintas, E. Ekici, G. Heijenk, B. Jarupan, K. Lin, and T. Weil, “Vehicular networking: A survey and tutorial on requirements, architectures, challenges, standards and solutions,” IEEE communications surveys & tutorials, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 584–616, 2011.
C. Sommer, R. German, and F. Dressler, “Bidirectionally Coupled Network and Road Traffic Simulation for Improved IVC Analysis,” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 3–15, January 2011.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2019 Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Revista Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Antioquia is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution BY-NC-SA 4.0 license. The material published in the journal can be distributed, copied and exhibited by third parties if the respective credits are given to the journal. No commercial benefit can be obtained and derivative works must be under the same license terms as the original work.