Characterization of the urban heat island at Bucaramanga, Colombia, using realtime temperature monitoring

Keywords: Urban heat island, Bucaramanga, real-time monitoring, data processing

Abstract

One of the meteorological effects in cities is the increase in local temperature, which is known as urban heat island (UHI). The objective of this study was to detect and quantify the possible UHI in the city of Bucaramanga, Colombia. For this purpose, a real-time temperature measurement network was installed, composed of seven nodes, used to obtain temperature values every minute. Six of the nodes were located in different positions in the city, and the remaining one was used to give the reference measurement. The data collected were processed for elimination of outliers, management of missing data and noise filtering. Analysis of the data allowed detecting differences in the diurnal and nocturnal UHI intensity trends. It was concluded that the UHI intensity during the day varies depending on the Local Climate Zone that represents the location, while the UHI intensity value at night is quite uniform across the city, with a mean value of 1.0 °C. It was also possible to conclude that the magnitude of the daytime UHI is lower in the dry season.

|Abstract
= 267 veces | PDF
= 268 veces|

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Hildreth Jadira Villamil-Almeida, Universidad Industrial de Santander
Chemical Engineer
Kevin Andrés Blanco-Mantilla, Universidad Industrial de Santander
Chemical Engineer
Oscar Yazit Salah-García, Corporación Centro de Desarrollo Tecnológico del Gas

Electronical Engineer

Carlos Eduardo García-Sánchez, Universidad Industrial de Santander

ph.D Chemical Engineer

References

A. J. Arnfield, “Two decades of urban climate research: a review of turbulence, exchanges of energy and water, and the urban heat island,” International Journal of Climatology, vol. 23, January 10 2003. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.859

(2018) Urban population (Nov. 8, 2018. [Online]. Available: https: //bit.ly/2OK0dGV

E. J. Gago, J. Roldan, R. Pacheco, and J. Ordóñez, “The city and urban heat islands: A review of strategies to mitigate adverse effects,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 25, September 2012. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.05.057

I. D. Stewart, “Redefining the urban heat island,” Ph. D. dissertation, The faculty of Graduate Studies(Geography), The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, 2011.

T. R. Oke, “Classics in physical geography revisited: Sundborg, Å. 1951: Climatological studies in Uppsala with special regard to the temperature conditions in the urban area,” Progress in Physical Geography, vol. 19, no. 1, March 1 1995. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1177/030913339501900105

N. Schwarz, U. Schlink, U. Franck, and K. Grossmann, “Relationship of land surface and air temperatures and its implications for quantifying urban heat island indicators—An application for the city of Leipzig (Germany),” Progress in Physical Geography, vol. 18, July2012. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.01. 001

A. A. Mohamed, J. Odindi, and O. Mutanga, “Land surface temperature and emissivity estimation for Urban Heat Island assessment using medium- and low-resolution space-borne sensors: A review,” Progress in Physical Geography, vol. 32, no. 4, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1080/10106049.2016.1155657

L. Sheng, X. Tang, H. You, Q. Gu, and H. Hu, “Comparison of the urban heat island intensity quantified by using air temperature and Landsat land surface temperature in Hangzhou, China,” Ecological Indicators, vol. 72, January 2017. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.09.009

J. M. Sobstyl, T. Emig, M. J. Abdolhosseini, F. J. Ulm, and R. Pellenq, “Role of city texture in urban heat islands at nighttime,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 120, no. 10, March 2008. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.108701

K. Klysik and K. Fortuniak, “Temporal and spatial characteristics of the urban heat island of Łódź, Poland,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 33, no. 24-25, October 1999. [Online]. Available: https: //doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00131-4

N. Magee, J. Curtis, and G. Wendler, “The Urban Heat Island Effect at Fairbanks, Alaska,” Theoretical and Applied Climatology, vol. 64, no. 1-2, October 1999. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1007/ s007040050109

S. Peng and et al, “Surface urban heat island across 419 global big cities,” Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 46, no. 2, 2012. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1021/es2030438

R. A. Memon, D. Y. Leung, and C. Liu, “An investigation of urban heat island intensity (UHII) as an indicator of urban heating,” Atmospheric Research, vol. 94, no. 3, November 2009. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2009.07.006

R. Watkins, “The impact of the urban environment on the energy used for cooling buildings,” Ph. D. dissertation, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Brunel University, Uxbridge, England, 2002.

K. Fortuniak, K. Kłysik, and J. Wibig, “Urban–rural contrasts of meteorological parameters in Łódź,” Theoretical and Applied Climatology, vol. 84, no. 1-3, February 2006. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-005-0147-y

Q. Huang and Y. Lu, “Urban heat island research from 1991 to 2015: a bibliometric analysis,” Theoretical and Applied Climatology, vol. 131, no. 3-4, February 2018. [Online]. Available: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s00704-016-2025-1

J. Tan and et al, “The urban heat island and its impact on heat waves and human health in shanghai,” International Journal of Biometeorology, vol. 54, no. 1, January 2010. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-009-0256-x

M. Santamouris, C. Cartalis, A. Synnefa, and D. Kolokotsa, “On the impact of urban heat island and global warming on the power demand and electricity consumption of buildings—a review,” Energy and Buildings, vol. 98, July 1 2015. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2014.09.052

Y. Zhan, A. T. Murray, and B. L. Turner, “Optimizing green space locations to reduce daytime and nighttime urban heat island effects in Phoenix, Arizona,” Landscape and Urban Planning, vol. 165, September 2017. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j. landurbplan.2017.04.009

C. Vancutsem, P. Ceccato, T. Dinku, and S. J. Connor, “Evaluation of MODIS land surface temperature data to estimate air temperature in different ecosystems over Africa,” Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 114, no. 2, February 15 2010. [Online]. Available: https: //doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2009.10.002

K. E. Runnalls and T. R. Oke, “Dynamics and controls of the nearsurface heat island of Vancouver, British Columbia,” Physical Geography, vol. 21, no. 4, 2000. [Online]. Available: https: //doi.org/10.1080/02723646.2000.10642711

Z. Hu, B. Yu, Z. Chen, T. Li, and M. Liu, “Numerical investigation on the urban heat island in an entire city with an urban porous media model,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 47, February 2012. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.09.064

World Meteorological Organization. (2008) Guide to Meteorological Instrumentsand Methods of Observation WMO-No. 8. [World Meteorological Organization]. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/2KWXMzB

W. T. Chow and M. Roth, “Temporal dynamics of the urban heat island of Singapore,” International Journal of Climatology, vol. 26, February 2012. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.1364

M. Kolokotroni and R. Giridharan, “Urban heat island intensity in London: An investigation of the impact of physical characteristics on changes in outdoor air temperature during summer,” Solar Energy, vol. 82, no. 11, November 2008. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2008.05.004

H. Park, “Features of the heat island in seoul and its surrounding cities,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 20, no. 10, 1986. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/0004-6981(86)90326-4

T. S. Saitoh, T. Shimada, and H. Hoshi, “Modeling and simulation of the Tokyo urban heat island,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 30, no. 20, October 1996. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/ 1352-2310(95)00489-0

Y. Sakakibara and E. Matsui, “Relation between heat island intensity and city size indices / Urban canopy characteristics in settlements of Nagano basin, Japan,” Geographical Review of Japan, vol. 78, no. 12, 2005. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.4157/grj.78.812

N. H. Wong and C. Yu, “Study of green areas and urban heat island in a tropical city,” Habitat International, vol. 29, no. 3, September 2005. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2004.04.008

T. Brandsma and D. Wolters, “Measurement and statistical modeling of the urban heat island of the city of Utrecht (the Netherlands),” Habitat International, vol. 29, June 2012. [Online]. Available: https: //doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-11-0206.1

Y. Kim and J. Baik, “Maximum urban heat island intensity in Seoul,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 41, June 2002. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(2002)041<0651: MUHIII>2.0.CO;2

R. Emmanuel and E. Johansson, “Influence of urban morphology and sea breeze on hot humid microclimate: the case of Colombo, Sri Lanka,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 30, no. 3, April 2006. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.3354/cr030189

C. Yagüe, E. Zurita, and A. Martínez, “Statistical analysis of the Madrid urban heat island,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 25, no. 3, 1991. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/0957-1272(91) 90004-X

T. W. Hawkin, A. J. Brazel, W. L. Stefanov, W. Bigler, and E. M. Saffell, “The role of rural variability in urban heat island determination for Phoenix, Arizona,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 43, April 2004. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(2004) 043<0476:TRORVI>2.0.CO;2

A. Velazquez, J. E. Gonzalez, and A. Winter, “Urban heat island effect analysis for San Juan, Puerto Rico,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 40, no. 9, March 2006. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10. 1016/j.atmosenv.2005.09.074

P. D. Jones and D. H. Lister, “The urban heat island in Central London and urbanrelated warming trends in Central London since 1900,” Weather, vol. 64, no. 12, December 2009. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1002/wea.432

L. Chapman, C. Bell, and S. Bell, “Can the crowdsourcing data paradigm take atmospheric science to a new level? A case study of the urban heat island of London quantified using Netatmo weather stations,” International Journal of Climatology, vol. 37, no. 9, July 2017. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.4940

C. I. Anderson, W. A. Gough, and T. Mohsin, “Characterization of the urban heat island at toronto: Revisiting the choice of rural sites using a measure of day-to-day variation,” Urban Climate, vol. 25, September 2018. [Online]. Available: https: //doi.org/10.1016/j.uclim.2018.07.002

R. L. Wilby, “Past and projected trends in London’s urban heat island,” Weather, vol. 58, no. 7, July 2003. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1256/wea.183.02

P. A. Mirzaei and F. Haghighat, “Approaches to study Urban Heat Island – Abilities and limitations,” Building and Environment, vol. 45, no. 10, October 2010. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j. buildenv.2010.04.001[

D. Zhang, Y. Shou, and R. R. Dickerson, “Upstream urbanization exacerbates urban heat island effects,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 36, no. 24, December 2009. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GL041082

I. D. Stewart, “A systematic review and scientific critique of methodology in modern urban heat island literature,” International Journal of Climatology, vol. 31, no. 2, February 2011. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.2141

H. Akbari and et al, “Local climate change and urban heat island mitigation techniques – the state of the art,” Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, vol. 22, no. 1, 2016. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.3846/13923730.2015.1111934

D. E. Parker, “Urban heat island effects on estimates of observed climate change,” WIREs Climate Change, vol. 1, no. 1, January 2010. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1002/wcc.21

I. Camilloni and V. Barros, “On the urban heat island effect dependence on temperature trends,” Climatic Change, vol. 37, no. 4, December 1997. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1023/A: 1005341523032

M. Haeger and B. Holmer, “Advection caused by the urban heat island circulation as a regulating factor on the nocturnal urban heat island,” International Journal of Climatology, vol. 19, no. 9, July 1999. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI) 1097-0088(199907)19:9<975::AID-JOC399>3.0.CO;2-J

U. Wienert and W. Kuttler, “The dependence of the urban heat island intensity on latitude - a statistical approach,” Meteologische Zeitschrift, vol. 14, no. 5, October 10 2005. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1127/0941-2948/2005/0069

M. Roth, “Review of urban climate research in (sub)tropical regions,” International Journal of Climatology, vol. 27, 2007. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.1591

R. A. Memon, D. Y. Leung, and C. Liu, “A review on the generation, determination and mitigation of Urban Heat Island,” Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 20, no. 1, 2005. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-0742(08)60019-4

A. Tzavali, J. P. Paravantis, G. Mihalakakou, A. Fotiadi, and E. Stigka, “Urban heat island intensity: A literature review,” Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, vol. 24, no. 12b, pp. 4537–4554, Jan. 2015.

A. Aflaki and et al, “Urban heat island mitigation strategies: A state-of-the-art review on Kuala Lumpur, Singapore and Hong Kong,” Cities, vol. 62, February 2017. [Online]. Available: https: //doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2016.09.003

Y. Shimoda, “Adaptation measures for climate change and the urban heat island in Japan’s built environment,” Building Research & Information, vol. 31, no. 3-4, 2003. [Online]. Available: https: //doi.org/10.1080/0961321032000097647

O. Aleksandrowicz, M. Vuckovic, K. Kiesel, and A. Mahdavi, “Current trends in urban heat island mitigation research: Observations based on a comprehensive research repository,” Urban Climate, vol. 21, September 2017. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10. 1016/j.uclim.2017.04.002

W. Zhou, G. Huang, and M. L. Cadenasso, “Does spatial configuration matter? understanding the effects of land cover pattern on land surface temperature in urban landscapes,” Landscape and Urban Planning, vol. 102, no. 1, July 30 2011. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.03.009

L. Kleerekoper, M. Esch, and T. B. Salcedo, “How to make a city climate-proof, addressing the urban heat island effect,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 64, July 2012. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2011.06.004

B. Zhou, D. Rybski, and J. P. Kropp, “The role of city size and urban form in the surface urban heat island,” Scientific Reports, vol. 7, no. 1, July 6 2017. [Online]. Available: https: //doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-04242-2

Y. Wang, U. Berardi, and H. Akbari, “Comparing the effects of urban heat island mitigation strategies for Toronto, Canada,” Energy and Buildings, vol. 114, February 15 2016. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2015.06.046

P. A. Mirzaei, “Recent challenges in modeling of urban heat island,” Sustainable Cities and Society, vol. 19, December 2015. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2015.04.001

M. Santamouris, “Cooling the cities - A review of reflective and green roof mitigation technologies to fight heat island and improve comfort in urban environments,” Solar Energy, vol. 103, May 2014. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2012.07.003

H. E. Beck and et al, “Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution,” Scientific Data, vol. 5, no. 180214, Octuber 30 2018. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10. 1038/sdata.2018.214

Instituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales (IDEAM. (2011) Promedios climatológicos 1981-2010. [Instituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales (IDEAM]. Accessed Nov. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/2XU5RKS

Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE). (2017) Población estimada de Bucaramanga, a partir del Censo 2005 extrapolando el comportamiento del periodo 1985 – 2005. [Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE)]. Accessed Nov. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/2DnQb9q

S. Xu and et al, “Data cleaning in the process industries,” Reviews in Chemical Engineering, vol. 31, no. 5, 2015. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1515/revce-2015-0022

J. N. Hird and G. J. McDermid, “Noise reduction of NDVI time series: An empirical comparison of selected techniques,” Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 113, no. 1, January 15 2019. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2008.09.003

G. Jifa and Z. Lingling, “Data, DIKW, Big Data and Data Science,” Procedia Computer Science, vol. 31, 2014. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2014.05.332

J. Chen and et al, “A simple method for reconstructing a high-quality NDVI time-series data set based on the Savitzky-Golay fiter,” Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 91, no. 3-4, June 30 2004. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2004.03.014

W. P. Lowry, “Empirical estimation of the urban effects on climate: A problem analysis,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 16, no. 2, January 1997. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1175/ 1520-0450(1977)016<0129:EEOUEO>2.0.CO;2

Published
2019-04-22