Caracterización de la isla de calor urbana en Bucaramanga, Colombia, monitoreando temperatura en tiempo real

Autores/as

  • Hildreth Jadira Villamil-Almeida Universidad Industrial de Santander
  • Kevin Andrés Blanco-Mantilla Universidad Industrial de Santander
  • Oscar Yazit Salah-García Corporación Centro de Desarrollo Tecnológico del Gas
  • Carlos Eduardo García-Sánchez Universidad Industrial de Santander https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1543-1498

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.20191260

Palabras clave:

isla de calor urbana, Bucaramanga, monitoreo en tiempo real, procesamiento de datos

Resumen

Uno de los efectos meteorológicos en las ciudades es el incremento de la temperatura local, lo que se conoce como isla de calor urbana (UHI, por sus siglas en inglés). El objetivo de este estudio fue detectar y cuantificar la posible UHI en Bucaramanga, Colombia. Para este fin, una red de medición de temperatura en tiempo real fue instalada, la cual estaba compuesta por siete nodos, con los que se obtenían valores de temperatura cada minuto. Seis de los nodos fueron ubicados en diferentes sitios de la ciudad, y el restante fue usado para dar la medición de referencia. Los datos recolectados fueron procesados para eliminar datos atípicos, administrar los datos faltantes y reducir el ruido. El análisis de los datos permitió detectar diferencias en las tendencias de la intensidad de las UHI diurna y nocturna. Se concluyó que la intensidad de la UHI durante el día varía dependiendo de la Zona de Clima Local que representa el sitio, mientras que el valor de la intensidad de la UHI de noche es bastante uniforme a través de la ciudad, con un valor promedio de 1.0 °C. También fue posible concluir que la magnitud de la UHI diurna es menor en la temporada seca.

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Biografía del autor/a

Hildreth Jadira Villamil-Almeida, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Escuela de Ingeniería Química.

Kevin Andrés Blanco-Mantilla, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Escuela de Ingeniería Química.

Oscar Yazit Salah-García, Corporación Centro de Desarrollo Tecnológico del Gas

Ingeniero Electrónico.

Carlos Eduardo García-Sánchez, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Escuela de Ingeniería Química.

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2020-04-22

Cómo citar

Villamil-Almeida, H. J., Blanco-Mantilla, K. A., Salah-García, O. Y., & García-Sánchez, C. E. (2020). Caracterización de la isla de calor urbana en Bucaramanga, Colombia, monitoreando temperatura en tiempo real. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (97), 10–21. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.20191260